Forensics. Chapter 1: Introduction. Forensic Science: A Definition. Application of science to law Applies the knowledge and technology of science for the definition and enforcement of such laws.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Forensic science is the application of science to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.
Mathieu Orfila: Father of Forensic toxicology
Alphonse Bertillon: developed the science of anthropometry
Calvin Goddard: developed the comparison microscope for bullet comparisons.
Francis Galton: first study of fingerprints
Principles of document examination
Microscopy as a tool for the forensic scientist
Developed the application of scientific principles to criminal investigations
Locard’s Exchange Principle
"Wherever he steps, whatever he touches, whatever he leaves, even unconsciously, will serve as a silent witness against him. Not only his fingerprints or his footprints, but his hair, the fibers from his clothes, the glass he breaks, the tool mark he leaves, the paint he scratches, the blood or semen he deposits or collects. All of these and more, bear mute witness against him. This is evidence that does not forget. It is not confused by the excitement of the moment. It is not absent because human witnesses are. It is factual evidence. Physical evidence cannot be wrong, it cannot perjure itself, it cannot be wholly absent. Only human failure to find it, study and understand it, can diminish its value.“
Document Examination Unit
Latent Fingerprint Unit
Voiceprint Analysis unit
Evidence Collection UnitServices of the Crime Lab
Note: there are others but these will be the primary ones in many of our cases
August 28, 1965
Family physician, Karow, called to Coppolino home
Marjorie Farber, widow of William Farber, mistress of Carl Coppolino
Spring Chicken Gibson
Mary Gibson (Mary Coppolino – second wife)
July 30, 1963
William Farber died
Carl in custody
potential expert witness.
ultimate decision maker
regarding expert witnesses.