Child Development Unit The Play Years
Instructions • Use Contents and Connection slide to locate different Child Development topics. • Use the arrows and home buttons to navigate. • Feel free to look around on the links and discover more information about young children .
Instructions *Complete the hand-out as you move through the presentation. *Be prepared to share a new idea or concept with the class.
Contents and Connections • Introduction • Physical Development • Intellectual Development • Social – Emotional Development • Early Childhood Development • References
The Play Years • The years from age 2 – 6 • Also called early childhood or the preschool period • During this time in children’s life: PLAY IS THE WORK OF CHILDREN
Body Changes During the play years, children become slimmer and the lower body lengthens and baby fat turns to muscle. Yes…these are my grandchildren! Wondering if a child a healthy weight? Try this link Child Weight Chart
Eating Habits Click here for tips on picky eaters • Children’s reduced appetite reflects their need for fewer calories • Parents get worried and encourage their children to ”Eat all your dinner and then you can have ice cream”. • Need for familiar routine or a demand for things to be “just right”
Language Development • Language is the leading cognitive accomplishment during the play years. • 24 months: short sentences and limited vocabulary • 6 year old: ability to understand and discuss almost anything Click here to learn more about child language development
Grammar Overregularization: the preschooler’s tendency to overuse roles of grammar, which is itself a sign of verbal sophistication. Examples: Falled down, Hurted myself Foots, Tooths, Mouses, Broked it
Early Childhood Education Parents are the first teachers. All young children benefit from high-quality, regularly scheduled educational experiences. Click here to learn more about Parents as Teachers
Child-Centered Programs • The physical space and materials are organized in such a way that they lend themselves to self-paced exploration
Teacher-Directed Programs • Readiness programs that stress preparation for school, teaching children letters, numbers, shapes and colors • Sit quietly, listen to the teacher and work in groups • Structured, reinforcements • Behaviorism inspired
Intervention Programs Head Start– the most widespread early-childhood-education program in the United States • Federally funded program that began in 1965 for low-income or minority children • Improved self-esteem and social skills for both the children and their parent To learn more about Head Start Past, Present and Future click here
Quality Matters • Safety • Low adult/child ratio • Positive social interactions among children and adults • Well-trained staff • Curriculum geared toward cognitive development rather than behavioral control • Space that facilitates creative and constructive play • Continuity
Emotional Development Emotional Regulation is the ability to control the expression of emotions, so sadness, fear, anger for example
Emotional Development Intrinsic Motivation – a child enjoys accomplishing something for the joy of doing it Extrinsic Motivation – a child does something to earn praise, avoid punishment or to be rewarded
Sociodramatic Play • Children create their own imaginative story and act out various roles and themes • Girls are more likely than boys to engage in sociodramatic play
Play is the Social - Emotional Development work of Children Play provides practice in *Emotional regulation *Empathy *Social understanding
References Berger, K . (2008). The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence. New York: Worth Child Development Standards • A5.0 Students understand important elements of a child’s physical, intellectual, emotional, and social growth and development: • A5.2 Know the developmental stages of infants, toddlers, and children. • A5.4 Relate the importance of learning environments, experiences, and interactions and their connections to each stage of physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development. The Link to CTE Standards is a PDF file … Go to page 98. Thank you!