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Cultural Studies -- Pastiche & Universal Abandon? . Some Central Issues from a Perspective of Literary Studies Based on Jonathan Culler’s Literary Theory. From FLW to Cultural Studies. FLW – Historicizes different definitions of morality, authority, freedom and love

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Cultural studies pastiche universal abandon

Cultural Studies -- Pastiche & Universal Abandon?

Some Central Issues

from a Perspective of Literary Studies

Based on Jonathan Culler’s

Literary Theory

From flw to cultural studies
From FLW to Cultural Studies

  • FLW – Historicizes different definitions of morality, authority, freedom and love

  • FLW – intertextual, the use of different discourses and languages

  • The approaches of Cultural Studies – interdisciplinary and networking


  • Transition from FLW to Cultural Studies

  • Why in our class?

  • Literature vs. Culture

  • History of Cultural Studies in brief.

  • Central Concerns:

    • Culture and People;

    • Definition of culture;

    • The Disciplinary Boundaries and Focuses of Literary Studies;

    • Modes of Analysis

Why in our class
Why in our class?

  • “Theories” – not just of literature, but of ‘signifying practices,’ psyche and society.(43)

  • Can serve as an example of how theories are connected to each other. (e.g. marxism + psychoanalysis + structuralism)

  • Can help connect what we have learned to our own society.

Literature and culture
Literature and Culture

  • Culture as “is to know the best that has been said and thought in the world.”

  • Culture as the whole way of life – including literature as well as popular culture

  • The relations between cultural studies and literary studies (44)

Cultural studies articulation of theories
Cultural Studies: Articulation of Theories

  • Subjectivity and power relations (Race, gender, class relations) in culture (cultural hegemony).  the circuit of culture

Structuralism & semiotics

Political agenda of

Marxism + Postcolonialism + feminism

Cultural studies history of articulation pp 44
Cultural Studies: History of Articulation (pp. 44-)

  • 50'ssocialist humanism; (or Marxism) -- Hoggart, Williams, Thompson; New Left;

  • 60's -- culturalist

  • 70‘s -- Structuralist marxism; Semiotics;

    -- e.g. Althusser; Roland Barthes;

  • mid-70’s – Gramsci & Foucault; -- Derrida +Discourse theories of Foucault;  -- Althusser + Lacan

  • mid- 80's -- postmodern debate

  • 90‘s – regional Cultural Studies (e.g. that in Taiwan, or inter-Asia Cultural Studies)

Different theoretical schools
Different Theoretical Schools

  • Roland Barthes – ‘connotation’ of culture in his studies of different languages (e.g. wrestling p. 45; more next time.)

  • central debate 1: culture and people; popular culture vs. mass culture

    – of the people or imposed on the people (p. 45-) ;

    -- agency vs. mass; hegemony vs.ideological interpellation;  strategies of identification, self-location, resistance, etc.

    -- e.g. Are cf’s a kind of art? How do we respond to the interpellation of cf’s?

Cultural studies main concerns 2
Cultural Studies: Main Concerns (2)

  • Points of contention:

    • Definitions of culture (high art vs. popular culture) & popular culture (mass culture or people’s culture); culture as a process and a product.

    • Disciplinary boundaries (what should a lit. major study?);

      • Relation between lit. studies, sociology and cultural studies (pp. 47) –boundaries blurred but not necessarily erased, each implying different criteria.

      • Contexts re-defined and/or expanded (48)

Cultural studies main concerns 3
Cultural Studies: Main Concerns (3)

  • Canon –e.g. the argument for “pure” or authentic literature; over principles of selection (pp. 48-50).

    •  Where does literary canon matter? In support of some power positions (of men, of some institutes in defining their identities) (response 2)

    • The choice of context (or object of representation) determines the principles of selection. Even aesthetic values are determined by context. (responses 1 & 3)

    • Awareness of culture/knowledge as produced in context but not absolute truth

    • cognitive flexibility

Cultural studies main concerns 4
Cultural Studies: Main Concerns (4)

  • 3. Modes of analysis

    • close reading vs. context analysis (including survey or quantity studies); appreciative interpretation vs. symptomatic reading;  not always in opposition

    • the lure of totality (e.g. gained through survey and statistics in studies of audience response)  combined with other methods;

    • CS “Is supposed” to make a difference in society.

       Cultural Studies with Glo-cal concerns.

Next time
Next Time

  • Chap 11 (chinese); The English version British cultural studies / an introduction Graeme. Turner306.40941 T853

  • Moulin Rouge