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  1. HOOKS Grab your reader’s attention!

  2. Vivid Description WRONG – “TELLS” CORRECT – “SHOWS” As I leaned back and rested my head against the top of the chair, my eyelids began to feel heavy, and the edges of the empty plate in front of me blurred with the white tablecloth. • I grew tired after dinner.

  3. Vivid Description (contin.) Planning your vivid description: Best way to “show” reader – 5 senses sight sound smell touch taste • What or who do you want to describe? • What is your reason for writing your description? • What are the particular qualities that you want to focus on?

  4. Anecdote Criteria Example My grandfather preached paying kindnesses forward. “Don’t ever just take, take, take. Give back to someone one day what’s been given to you.” THESIS… • Brief – 1-2 sentences • Relevant to topic • Entertaining • Can involve quotes

  5. Rhetorical Question Criteria Example What would the world be like without hatred? Who would replace all the teachers in the world? How would children survive without the help of loving parents? • Thoughtful – no “yes” or “no” questions; use WWWWWH? • Does not require an answer

  6. Definitions Criteria Example If the definition of peace is “the normal, nonwarring condition of a nation, group of nations, or the world,” humanity should reconsider its definition of “normal.” • WARNING: Can be boring and not hook reader • Use only if you can make entertaining/relevant

  7. Similes and Metaphors • Comparisons used to make writing more vivid and interesting to read. These show your writing as having a signature style. SIMILE METAPHOR Life is a three-ring circus. Life is a minefield. Life is a roller coaster. Life is a puzzle. • Life, he realize, was much like a song. • Life is like a box of chocolates—you never know what you’re going to get.

  8. Humor Criteria Examples Sarcasm must come from you/be your voice or sense of humor. HM- My do-it-my-way-or-it’s-wrong older sister means well, but she can be a bit controlling. HA- Falling face-first into a mud puddle is no way to start the day, but… • Sarcasm • Hyphenated Modifiers • Humorous Anecdote

  9. Quote- • Using the words of another to emphasize your point. • Usually spoken by someone well know, or even close to you. • Can be lyrics, but use wisely. No foul or inappropriate subrjects. • “All our dreams can come true if we have the courage to pursue them.” – Walt Disney • My mother once told me that “hard work is a better indicator of success than a ton of money.”

  10. Fact or Statistic Criteria Example Over six million people died as a result of the Holocaust. Such-and-Such professional athlete makes over $12M annually. • WARNING: Can be boring and not hook reader • Use only if you can make entertaining/relevant • Use only if TRUE; DO NOT make them up

  11. Independent Practice • Read the following prompt and create a hook that will grab your reader’s attention. Choose 3. • Prompt : • “Recently, fast food workers started rallying in Seattle, WA demanding the minimum wage increase for fast food workers to $15/hr. Do you agree or disagree with this wage increase? Why or why not?”