The Zócalo. Political and Cultural Center of Mexico . Tenochtitlan. Aztec name for present day Mexico City Founded in 1325 – on Lake Texcoco Urban built environment divided into four zones One of the largest cities in the World in 1519 . Spanish Conquest.
Political and Cultural Center of Mexico
Located on the Zócalo
Oldest and largest cathedral in Latin America
Baroque facade and 64m Neoclassical-style towers 18 bells each
Current cathedral built 1667, finished 1813
Second oldest cathedral in Mexico City
Built in late 17th-18th century
Baroque style built by Francisco Guerrero
Hernán Cortés, built this government palace on the site of Moctezuma's palace.
Palacio Nacional of today dates back to 1693.
Floor was added in the 1920s.
Contains murals by Diego Rivera.
For the Spanish - the plaza is “a manifestation of local social order, of the between citizens and the authority of the state.”
For the Amerindians – representation of Aztec plazas at the center of the cities
Lead by Subcomandante Marcos
More than 100,000 people crowded the Plaza
Demand Indian Rights
Secure their place in Modern Mexico
The plaza has played a significant role in Mexican politics in the past, will this be changed by new venues of political communication in the 21st century?
The cultural significance of the plaza and its surrounding urban infrastructure has been great since before the Spanish conquest. What is the political significance of the urban built environment in in contemporary Mexico?
How have contemporary Mexican governments used plazas in general , and the Zócalo specifically, to shape Mexican political culture?
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Low, Setha M. Cultural Meaning of the Plaza: The History of the Spanish-American Gridplan-Plaza Urban Design. In the Cultural Meaning of Urban Space. Robert Rotenburg and Gary Mcdonogh, eds. CT and London. Bergin & Garvey. 1993. 75-83.
Rebels ride into Mexico City. BBC. 11 Mar. 2001. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1213778.stm>.
"Emiliano Zapata." Wikipedia. 8 Feb. 2006 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emiliano_Zapata>.
"Who Was Pancho Villa?" The California Native. 8 Feb. 2006 <http://www.calnative.com/stories/n_villa.htm>.