slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on

SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS Please feel free to use this PowerPoint presentation in the classroom. It is intended to support the KS3 & KS4 curriculum and the Scottish S3-S4 curriculum. KEY LEARNING:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS' - melody


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

SMARTER UK – RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS

Please feel free to use this PowerPoint presentation in the classroom. It is intended to support the KS3 & KS4 curriculum and the Scottish S3-S4 curriculum.

KEY LEARNING:

How we know how the brain works; from historical study to the use of contemporary technology, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Specific curriculum areas include:

Scottish S3-S4 science

Biological Systems - Body systems and Cells

SCN 3-12b I have explored the role of technology in monitoring heath and improving the quality of life

Topical Science

SCN 3-20a I have collaborated with others to find and present information on how scientists from Scotland and beyond have contributed to innovative research and development

SCN 4-20a I have researched new developments in science and can explain how their current of future applications might impact on modern life.

  • KS3 Science
  • Unit 1.2 Applications and implications of science
  • a) exploring how the creative application of scientific ideas can bring about technological developments and consequent changes in the way people think and behave
  • Unit 4 Curriculum opportunities
  • h) explore contemporary and historical scientific developments and how they have been communicated
  • KS4 science
  • How science works
  • Applications and implications of science
  • Pupils should be taught:
  • about the use of contemporary scientific and technological developments and their benefits, drawbacks and risks
  • c) how uncertainties in scientific knowledge and scientific ideas change over time and about the role of the scientific community in validating these changes.
studying the brain

Studying the brain

How do we know how it works?

slide3

The brain

Cerebral cortex

Functions include: planning; reasoning; language; recognising sounds and images; memory.

Corpus callosum

connects the brain’s right and left hemispheres

Brain stem

regulates heart rate, breathing, sleep cycles

and emotions

Cerebellum

important for coordination, precision and timing of movement

Credit: Mark Lythgoe & Chloe Hutton, Wellcome Images

different regions have different functions

Smarter UK

slide4

Cerebral cortex

different regions have different functions

How do we know?

sensory cortex

motor cortex

speech

taste

reading

speech

hearing

vision

smell

Credit Heidi Cartwright, Wellcome Images

Smarter UK

B0003275

slide5

through studying people with brain damage

sensory cortex

motor cortex

In 1848, Phineas Gage (an American railroad construction foreman) accidentally fired a tamping iron (a large iron rod) through his head.

Amazingly, he survived, but the injury dramatically changed his personality

speech

taste

reading

speech

hearing

vision

smell

Credit Heidi Cartwright, Wellcome Images

Smarter UK

B0003275

slide6

through studying people with brain damage

The French physician Paul Broca was very interested in speech

sensory cortex

motor cortex

speech

In 1861, Broca had a patient nick-named Tan, because “tan” was all he could say.

taste

reading

After Tan died, Broca examined his brain and found a big lesion

speech

hearing

He realised the location of this lesion was a part of the brain important for speech.

vision

smell

The region is known as Broca’s area

Credit Heidi Cartwright, Wellcome Images

Smarter UK

B0003275

slide7

through the use of imaging technology

B0003533 Credit Mark Lythgoe & Chloe Hutton, Wellcome Images

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

sensory cortex

motor cortex

MRI can measure blood-flow changes in the brain. The active areas ‘light up’

speech

taste

MRI showing areas used for recognising faces

reading

speech

hearing

B0003534 Credit Mark Lythgoe & Chloe Hutton, Wellcome Images

vision

smell

MRI showing the visual cortex

Credit Heidi Cartwright, Wellcome Images

Smarter UK

B0003275

slide8

through the use of imaging technology

sensory cortex

TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation)

motor cortex

speech

A very powerful magnet placed on the skull disrupts the brain signals in a very localised area for a very short time

taste

This can be used to find out which areas of the brain are important for which tasks.

reading

speech

hearing

If someone reciting a nursery rhyme has TMS on their left Broca’s area, they will stutter and stumble (but they will still be able to sing the rhyme as singing is controlled by the area on the other side)

vision

smell

Eric Wassermann, National Institute of Health

TMS is also being tested for treatment of severe depression

Credit Heidi Cartwright, Wellcome Images

Smarter UK