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Literary Terms:. Point-of-View!. Literary Terms Review. First let’s review the literary terms we have learned so far… Setting (consists of two things) 1) Time 2) Place. Literary Terms Review. Irony (3 types) 1) Situational : what happens is the opposite of what’s expected

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literary terms

Literary Terms:


literary terms review
Literary Terms Review

First let’s review the literary terms we have learned so far…

  • Setting (consists of two things)

1) Time

2) Place

literary terms review1
Literary Terms Review
  • Irony (3 types)

1) Situational: what happens is the opposite of what’s expected

Ex: A vegetarian works in a meat-packing plant.

2) Verbal: what is said is the opposite of what is meant; sarcasm

Ex: “Wow, you’re so funny.”

3) Dramatic: the audience knows something the characters do not

Ex: Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet, horror movies where we see the killer, a man we see is going to slip on a banana peel, the “Maury Show” where we know the man is not here for a makeover

literary terms review2
Literary Terms Review
  • Plot (consists of four elements)

1) Rising Action: builds tension

2) Climax: turning point of the story

3) Falling Action: shows the effect of the climax on the story

4) Denouement: resolution; loose ends are tied up

literary terms review3
Literary Terms Review
  • Theme! (definition)
    • The life lesson or main message of a text
      • 5 rules when identifying theme:

1) It’s not a single word

2) Avoid clichés

3) It is rarely directly stated

4) There can be more than one theme

5) Does not include character names or plot points

literary terms review4
Literary Terms Review
  • Foreshadowing
    • When the author provides clues about what will happen in the story

Here little reader. Follow me, my pretty! And your little dog, too!


Reader, earnestly

following the clues


and now introducing
And now introducing…
  • Point-of-View: perspective from which the story is told (narrator’s voice)
      • 4 Types:

1) First person

2) Second person

3) Third person limited

4) Third person omniscient

first person point of view
First Person Point-of-View
  • Story is told from one character’s perspective using the “I” voice
  • Often used in narrative writing (stories about people’s lives)
  • Associated pronouns: I, me, my, we, our, us, ours, mine
first person point of view1
First Person Point-of-View
  • Positives:
    • Can see inside the narrator’s head
    • More personal
    • More emotional
      • We can see what they are thinking and feeling.
  • Restrictions:
    • Vision is “tainted” by that person
    • Not always reliable
    • Not very objective (factual)
    • Can’t go outside of their head and see others’ perspectives
    • Avoid in formal writing (compositions)
second person point of view
Second Person Point-of-View
  • Not used very often because it confuses the readers
  • Author is talking to the reader
  • “You” voice
  • Associated Pronouns: you, your, yours
second person narrator is speaking directly to reader
Second Person: Narrator is speaking directly to reader

Hey YOU, kid! Yes, I’m talkin’ to you!

Who, me?

second person point of view1
Second Person Point-of-View
  • Positives:
    • Can speak directly to your reader
    • Can be effective in persuasion (editorials, political pieces)
  • Negatives:
    • Can confuse reader if used inappropriately
    • Avoid in formal writing (compositions)
third person omniscient point of view
Third Person Omniscient Point-of-View
  • Person telling the story is outside of the action looking in
    • As if standing outside of an ant farm watching things unfold, but can also get in ants’ heads
  • Narrator is all-knowing and can tell the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters
  • “God-like”
  • Applicable pronouns: he, she, it, they, them, his, hers, its, theirs
third person omniscient point of view1
Third Person Omniscient Point-of-View
  • Positives:
    • Allows for objectivity
      • Trustworthy since no one is favored and story is untainted by one person’s version
    • Gets into the heads of all the characters
    • Should be used formal writing
  • Restrictions:
    • Loses the touch of the personal (textbook-ish)
    • More detached emotionally
    • Less mystery
third person limited point of view
Third Person LimitedPoint-of-View
  • Person telling the story is outside of the action looking in
  • Can see ONE person’s thoughts and feelings (“limited” to one character)
  • As if standing on one character’s shoulder
  • Applicable pronouns: he, she, it, they, them, his, hers, its, theirs
Third Person Limited: Narrator follows around one person only and knows all of their thoughts and feelings
third person limited point of view1
Third Person LimitedPoint-of-View
  • Positives:
    • More objective (factual)
    • Can see from one person’s perspective while still remaining outside of the story
    • More reliable
  • Restrictions:
    • May not be as objective
    • Is “limited”; we can’t see the whole picture
practice analyzing point of view
Practice Analyzing Point-of-View!

Let’s analyze how point-of-view can affect our understanding of a text.

Authors choose it for a reason: So why?

the end
The End!

…or is it?