Pages 268-291. Chapter 8: The Road to War. Please complete and glue into your notebook:. Massachusetts. Spain. No. Massachusetts. Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes p. 268-273. EQ: How did British taxes lead to greater cooperation among the colonies? Vocabulary: Parliament Stamp Act Repeal
Colonists refused to pay the tax and threatened those who tried to collect it.
Colonists did not want to pay a tax to Britain; They boycotted imported goods and/or began to make their own (tea, wool, etc)
Tensions increased between Britain and the colonies.
Who made this political cartoon?
Why did this appear in the Pennsylvania Gazette?
May 9, 1754: Attempt to encourage colonists to manage Indian relations and defense against the French during the French and Indian War
What is the cartoonist trying to express?
New England is united/head of the snake; Georgia/Delaware absent
1754: Organized action of British colonies against the French & Indians
1765: Organized action in protest to the Stamp Act and colonial unity against the British
What is being expressed in the following cartoon? How do you know?
Colonists protesting the presence of tax collectors
Holding tax collector against his will, tarred & feathered, Noose foreshadows hanging
Boston Massacre? CSI Investigation in 1770!
Use the following primary and secondary
sources in your teams to answer questions and draw conclusions about this major event in American History
Colonists are unarmed; British soldiers are firing their guns under order
He asks them if they are intending to murder people.
Yes! “Yes, by God, root and branch.”
He was struck with a club and received a painful wound to the bone. He is warned
about a future violent attack in the streets of Boston.
Gathering of “lads” in the streets against British order; taunting and name calling while
throwing of snowballs against the officers.
Bridgham was involved in commerce (buying and selling of goods) in Boston. He was
wealthy as a result of this business. He was loyal to the crown.
He was born into a Loyalist family and benefitted from active trade between New England the Britain. The war would ruin his business.
The identity is unknown
The soldiers’ guns were hit by the colonists, were dared to fire against unarmed
men. They were called cowards.
Grief, sadness towards the colonists. Shows extreme violence towards colonists. Evidence: Smoke shows that
many shots were being fired repeatedly. .
Distress, sorrow for the colonists; anger towards the British; Evidence: “In less than a minute 10 or 12 of them came
out with drawn cutlasses, clubs and bayonets, and set upon the unarmed boys and young folks...” Describes each death in detail.
Feel as if the British were encouraged, given no other option.. Evidence: “I saw several snow-balls and pieces of
ice thrown, and heard a rattling against the barrels of the guns, whether it was sticks or not..”
Answers will vary as long as evidence is provided. Use the sentence stem, we believe _______________
because of _____________.
I believe ________________ because (source) ___________________ says (evidence)
_________________ my decision.
Revere excludes the presence of snow and the colonists surrounding the soldiers. The colonists are not attacking/
provoking the soldiers. Attucks is also not featured as a victim.
Does this image reflect historical accuracy? Why or why not? What information has influenced your decision?
"Crispus Attucks," by Herschel Levit, mural at the Recorder of Deeds building, built in 1943. 515 D St., NW, Washington, D.C.
Minutemen take advantage of British in Concord; British retreat to Boston; Patriot victory
British surprise attacked at Lexington; British victory
Patriots attempt to force British out of Boston; British advance on Breed’s Hill pushing Patriots back to Bunker Hill; British victory
British retreat back to Boston suffering heavy losses.
British soldiers secretly begin marching from Boston to Concord.
Paul Revere knows of the British soldiers’ plan and sets out to warn the militias in Lexington and Concord.
The shot known as “the shot heard round the world” is fired.
The British win the Battle of Lexington.
British soldiers suffer heavy losses from Patriots firing at them as they walk 20 miles from Concord to safety in Boston.
Colonel Prescott’s men work all night building a fort to defend Breed’s Hill.
The British suffer heavy losses but win the Battle of Bunker Hill.
It does not say
April 19, 1775
Lieutenant John Barker (British Army Officer)
The textbook says that “someone fired-no one is sure who.” It can not be certain how many shots were fired, although enough to kill eight and wound nine minutemen. Barker’s account implies that the minutemen fired first, where as the textbook does not take a position.
Yes, because Barker is an officer in the British army present the same day and recorded a diary entry the same day. What reason would he have to lie in his personal diary entry. No, because minutemen were killed this day, and the British have already been accused of opening firing on “innocent” minutemen. He wanted to make it look like he was innocent, especially in his personal diary.
April 25, 1775
34 minutemen (Nathaniel Mulliken, Philip Russell, and 32 others)
Sworn testimony before three Justices of the Peace
Yes or no
The minutemen marched toward the Green and saw a large number of British troops marching toward them. Some of the minutemen got scared and ran. As their backs were turned, the British fired at them. No minutemen ever fired their weapon prior to the British firing.
Barker says that the minutemen fired their weapons as the British approached the Green. The British then fired, scaring the minutemen to run away.
To our knowledge means that the version told is personal/opinion /best of memory. The minutemen admit that are telling the event from their perspective to the best they remember. It is possible parts of this story are exaggerated/false/etc.
Barker because he was present at the event and recorded the entry on the same day. As an officer in the British army he is trusted. What reason does Barker have to lie in his diary. (Muliken’s version was recorded 6 days
Mulliken because he provided sworn testimony, along with 33 other men. They were witness to this event and have no reason to lie. (Barker wanted to sound innocent and provoked by the minutemen)
Selection must be supported with evidence from both the IMAGE, TEXTBOOK, and DOCUMENTS provided in class. Faliure to acknowledge all documents or reference to the evidence presented in the image results in point deductions.