Cardinal Ambrozic CSS. sUBSTANCE USE and abuse-2. “Gateway drugs”: Alcohol and tobacco. “ Gateway Drugs ” (Theory). The concept of “ gateway drugs ” implies that the use of certain drugs ( eg . alcohol, tobacco, cannabis) lead to the use of other harder drugs ( eg . cocaine, heroin).
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Did You Know??
- There are over 4,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke and at least 40 of them are known to be carcinogenic (cancer-causing).
In Canada, tobacco companies are required by lawto indicate directly on tobacco packages how much of each of the chemicals is found in tobacco emissions (the exhaled smoke).
Why teens DO NOT smoke:- ---
Why teens DO smoke:- ---
“Once You Start, It’s Hard to Stop”
Smoking ONE cigarette causes:
Some of the major long-term risks of smoking are:
Reduced ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE: shortness of breath and reduced lung power puts young smokers at a disadvantage.
Different approaches work for different people:
Second-Hand Smoke = Environmental Tobacco
Smoke (ETS)= “Passive Smoking” = exhaled
smoke from a smoker, or from a smoldering cigarette is
inhaled by another person (non-smoker)
Because it changes the way a person
thinks, feels, and acts.
- Regular Beer (5%) – 340 mL (12 oz)
- Wine (12%) – 142 mL (5 oz)
- Spirits (40%) – 43 mL (1.5 oz)
- Coolers (5%) – 340 mL (12 oz)
About 20% of the alcohol consumed is absorbed by the stomach and the remainder is absorbed through the small intestine.
oxidized (broken down) by the liver.
lead to cirrhosis (scarring) of
* amount of alcohol consumed at one time
* size, gender, and age
* rate of alcohol metabolism
* circumstances in which alcohol is consumed
(eg. empty/full stomach or angry/depressed mood)
* other substances (eg. drugs) used in conjunction
The amount of alcohol in the breath is directly related to the amount of alcohol in the blood….thus a person’s BAC can be measured using a “Breathalyzer”.
The drinking age is 19 years old in all provinces and territories, except for Quebec, Manitoba, and Alberta, where the age is 18 years old.
MADD is an organization that focuses not only on preventing drunk driving fatalities, but also on ceasing impaired driving of any kind.
MADD Canada has 70 chapters.
Alcohol is classified as a depressant. Its first effects
are to “depress” a persons system causing:
Some of the major long-term risks of alcohol are:
Signs of Alcoholism: