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Substance Use and Abuse. Substance Abuse. What is Substance Abuse? Substance abuse is any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes. Substance abuse includes overuse or multiple use of a drug, including alcohol, taken in combination with other drugs.

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Substance Use and Abuse


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    1. Substance Use and Abuse

    2. Substance Abuse What is Substance Abuse? • Substance abuse is any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes. • Substance abuse includes overuse or multiple use of a drug, including alcohol, taken in combination with other drugs

    3. Factors that Influence Our Decisions • School • Peers • Community • Religion • Past Experiences • Society • Family • Culture • Media/Advertisements

    4. Decision-Making and Consequences • While watching the clip, “The Consequences of Drug Use” think how about the decisions we make (about drugs) can affect our daily lives. Be sure to think about both negative and positive affects. • Communication Mark: • Write a one paragraph response about how the decisions we make can affect us, both positively and negatively. • Please make sure that this paragraph is handed in at the end of class.

    5. Physiological Effects of Substance Abuse Short-Term Effects • Slows brain activity • Strains liver • Slows reflexes (some may increase reflexes) • Loss of inhibition • High or happy feeling • Depression or mood swings • Faster pulse rate • Dizziness • Loss of appetite

    6. Physiological Effects of Substance Abuse Long-Term Effects • Impaired memory • Menstrual irregularities • Impotence • Kidney damage • Lung problems • Risk of damage to fetus • Brain damage • Heart damage • Liver damage • Growth impairment • Possible birth defects

    7. Drug Use Continuum • Non-use • Never used a particular drug • Experimental Use • Has tried a substance once or several times • Use is motivated by curiosity about the drug effect, and peer influence • Occasional Use • Use is frequent and irregular, usually confined to special occasions • Availability, accessibility, and affordability influence use • Regular Use • Use has a predictable pattern, which may entail frequent or infrequent use • Usually the user feels in control of the drug use • Dependence Use • Use is regular and predictable and usually frequent • The user experiences a physiological and/or psychological need for the drug • User will continue to use despite the consequences • Drugs are often used alone and daily activities may be planned around drug use.

    8. Drug Use Continuum Game • The Drug Use Continuum outlines five types (categories0 of dug use. • They are: non-use, experimental use, occasional use, regular use, and dependence use. • The class will be divided into 4 teams and each team will be read two statements from Level 1 (each worth 5 points), one statement from Level 2 (each worth 10 points), and one statement from Level 3 (each worth 15 points). • In a round robin format, I will read a statement to each team and that team must then assign the correct “type of drug use” to the person described in the scenario. • At the end of the game, the team with the highest score wins the game.

    9. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Alex has tried marijuana a couple of times. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    10. EXPERIMENTAL

    11. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Between classes, Lindsay has a cigarette while catching up on gossip in the area where the kids hand out to smoke. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    12. REGULAR

    13. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Because pot is available and easy to get, Fred and his friends smoke up when they go to raves. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    14. OCCASIONAL

    15. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Kelly looks forward to smoking a joint every day after school. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    16. REGULAR

    17. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Brooke was curious and drank beer to see what it was like to be drunk. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    18. EXPERIMENTAL

    19. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Elizabeth is dreading her father’s birthday party next week because he’s going to get drunk and embarrass her like he has before. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    20. REGULAR

    21. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Like they did at the Halloween dance, Daniel and his friends drank before the Christmas dance to get into the holiday spirit. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    22. OCCASIONAL

    23. LEVEL ONE QUESTIONS • Chelsea felt left out at the party, so she took a “drag” when the joint came around to her. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    24. EXPERIMENTAL

    25. LEVEL TWO QUESTIONS • Melissa needs a cigarette every morning when she gets up in order to get herself going. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    26. DEPENDENCE

    27. LEVEL TWO QUESTIONS • Tim’s father take methadone to help him lead a normal life. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    28. DEPENDENCE

    29. LEVEL TWO QUESTIONS • Christie will only buy a certain kind of beer for parties. She says it is “her brand”. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    30. REGULAR

    31. LEVEL TWO QUESTIONS • Rob needs to use more cocaine to get the same high as he did last month. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    32. DEPENDENCE

    33. LEVEL THREE QUESTIONS • Tara and her boyfriend fight because she thinks that drinking every Friday night means he has a problem, but he doesn’t agree. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    34. REGULAR

    35. LEVEL THREE QUESTIONS • Paul has been taking steroids for the past six months. He can lift more weights than when he started to work out. He feels great and is proud of his progress. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    36. REGULAR

    37. LEVEL THREE QUESTIONS • Despite a suspension for being drunk at the last dance, Scott drank during his lunch on the day he returned to school. • What type of user is he? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    38. DEPENDENCE

    39. LEVEL THREE QUESTIONS • Over the last month, Sue has taken a few diet pills from her mother’s prescription. She has lost five pounds, feels great, and is enjoying the attention from her friends about her new look. • What type of user is she? • Non-user • Experimental • Occasional • Regular • Dependent

    40. OCCASIONAL