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By Failing to Prepare, You Are Preparing to Fail: Laying the Foundation for Success. John L. Haughom, MD April 2014. Healthcare: The Way It Should Be. Part One – Forces Driving Transformation Chapter One – Forces Defining and Shaping the Current State of U.S. Healthcare

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by failing to prepare you are preparing to fail laying the foundation for success

By Failing to Prepare, You Are Preparing to Fail: Laying the Foundation for Success

John L. Haughom, MD

April 2014

healthcare the way it should be
Healthcare: The Way It Should Be

Part One– Forces Driving Transformation

  • Chapter One – Forces Defining and Shaping the Current State of U.S. Healthcare
  • Chapter Two – Present and Future Challenges Facing U.S. Healthcare

Part Two– Laying the Foundation for Improvement and Sustainable Change

  • What will it take to successfully ride the transformational wave?

Part Three– Looking into the Future

  • What will it take to successfully ride the transformational wave?
a field of dreams mentality
A ‘Field of Dreams’ Mentality…
  • “Build it, and they will come.”
  • Geography is destiny:
  • “Who you see is what you get.”

Supplier-induced demand

Health care system

vs.

evolution of methods to manage organizational complexity
Evolution of Methods to Manage Organizational Complexity
  • As organizations have become more complex, humans have adapted by evolving methods that help them deal with increasing complexity
guilds
Guilds
  • Prior to 1800, commerce was dominated by guilds
  • An association of artisans, merchants or others with common expertise who control the practice of their craft by limiting membership with training requirements and governmentally granted power
scientific management
Scientific Management
  • Developed by Frederick Taylor, ~1911
  • Defined mass production methods – assembly line, time and motion studies
  • Based on the idea of processes
    • One one side: well-educated engineers who designed the processes
    • On the other side: uneducated workers who did as they were told – cogs in the machine
  • Taylorism is still in common use

Frederick Taylor

“In the past, the man has been first. In the future, the system will be first.”

lean production
Lean Production
  • Scientific management fails in the face of increasing complexity
  • Lean production…
    • Standardized processes with… …“smart cogs” that… …adapt to individual needs
  • That is, “mass customization”
    • Efficient processes that can deal with complexity
  • Healthcare organizations remain heavily invested in Taylor’s views of organizational management, and lag behind in more modern methods of managing complexity.

Walther Shewhart

W. Edwards Deming

we will win and you will lose
We will win and you will lose…
  • “We will win and you will lose. You cannot do anything about it because your failure is an internal disease. Your companies are based on Taylor’s principles. Worse, your heads are Taylorized, too. You firmly believe that sound management means executives on one side and workers on the other. On one side, men who think and on the other side men who can only work. For you, management is the art of smoothly transferring the executives’ ideas to the workers’ hands.
  • We have passed the Taylor stage. We are aware that business has become terribly complex. Survival is uncertain in an environment filled with risk, the unexpected and competition. Therefore, a company must have the commitment of the minds of its employees to survive. For us, management is the entire work force’s intellectual commitment at the service of the company without self-imposed functional or class barriers.
  • We have measured – better than you – the new technological and economic challenges. We know that the intelligence of a few technocrats – even very bright ones – has become totally inadequate to face these challenges. Only the intellects of all employees can permit a company to live with the ups and downs and the requirements of its new environment. Yes, we will win and you will lose. For you are not able to rid your minds of the obsolete Taylorisms that we never had.”
  • Konosuke Matsushita, founder of Matsushita Electronic Industrial Co. (ultimately Panasonic)
the evolution of process management
The Evolution of Process Management

System of Production

Deming and others

Airline Industry

Scientific Management

Frederick Taylor

Healthcare Industry

“Craftsmanship”

Guild System

advances in aviation
Advances in Aviation

Cockpit, circa 1917

Boeing 787 Dreamliner cockpit, circa 2013

process management works
Process Management Works…

Annual Anesthesia Mortality Rates

tesla mass customization at work
Tesla: Mass Customization at Work
  • A highly integrated, highly reliable technology-enabled work environment
    • 160 of the world’s most advanced robots perform standard, highly repetitive tasks with tremendous reliability
  • 3000 skilled workers use their intellects to manage complexity and adapt to customer needs
it is happening in medicine too
It is happening in medicine, too…

Aethon Tug

iRobot RP-VITA

da Vinci Xi

EsponVeebot

Healthcare Robotics Nurse Assistant

“microbots”

lean production1
Lean Production
  • Standardized care processes managed by…
  • …“smart cogs” that…
  • …can adapt to individual needs to maximize value for patients
  • In Lean terms, “mass customization”…
  • …efficient processes that can deal with complexity yet allow front-line workers to adapt when the customer requires it…
applying modern improvement methods to healthcare
Applying Modern Improvement Methods to Healthcare

Sustainable Value for Patients and Competitive Advantage

A Sound Improvement Strategy

Good Data

Lean

Methods

Institute of Medicine Innovation Series white paper. Going Lean in Health Care. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2005.

slide18

Brent James, MD, 101…

“Managed care” means

“managing processes of care” ...

…notmanaging physicians and nurses.

(clinicians are the ones who managethe process of care)

deming 101
Deming 101…

…engaging the “smart cogs” of healthcare…

the healing professions are changing
The Healing Professions are Changing…
  • From craft-based practice
  • Individual clinicians working alone… …using handcrafted customized solutions for each patient… …based on a core ethical commitment to the patient and… …vast personal knowledge gained from training and experience
  • To profession-based practice
  • Groups of peers, treating similar patients in a shared setting… …plan standard coordinated care delivery processes (e.g., using evidence-based standard protocols)… …which individual clinicians adapt to specific patient needs (e.g., mass customization)
  • Growing experience is demonstrating
  • This type of care is less expensive, less complex, and yields better patient outcomes
shared professional accountability
Shared Professional Accountability
  • I will not tell you how to practice medicine…
  • I will argue the science, but if I cannot convince clinicians “on the data,” I will not expect them to change how they manage patients
  • I will try to create an environment of sharedprofessional accountability…
  • Where groups of clinicians who manage similar patients in similar settings, discuss best patient care practices with recourse to the medical literature, expert opinion and credible data showing their own performance and outcomes over time
  • In essence, we are converting care environments to ongoing learning laboratories (a redefinition of peer review)
in summary
In Summary…
  • Over the past century, organization’s have implemented increasingly sophisticated methods to deal with complexity with impressive results
  • These highly successful quality improvement and Lean methods are beginning to impact healthcare
  • Given the increasing focus on value, these techniques will be at the core of any healthcare organization’s ability to weather the coming changes
  • Managing the process of care requires an effective strategy to engage clinicians, healthcare’s “smart cogs”
  • Physicians will need to migrate from a craft-based style of practice to a profession-based practice focused on shared professional accountability
  • Organization’s will have to implement a sound improvement (value) strategy with the necessary analytical, deployment and knowledge components
thank you
Thank You

Upcoming Educational Opportunities

The Importance of Data Governance

  • Date: First Week of May
  • Presenter: Dale Sanders Senior Vice President, Health Catalyst
  • Register at http://healthcatalyst.com/
  • Healthcare Analytics Summit
  • Join top healthcare professionals for a high-powered analytics summit using analytics to drive an engaging experience with renowned leaders who are on the cutting edge of healthcare using data-driven methods to improve care and reduce costs.
  • Date: September 24th-25th
  • Location: Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Save the Date: http://www.healthcatalyst.com/news/healthcare-analytics-summit-2014

For Information Contact:

John.Haughom@healthcatalyst.com