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Order-Chaos Fulfilled? New Ideology Mao Dynasty? Nationalism legitimizes the Communists. October 1, 1949. Birth of the PRC. CPC Ideology. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto 1848 Basics: Capitalism is exploitation Rich exploit poor Government enforces exploitation

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birth of the prc
Order-Chaos Fulfilled?

New Ideology

Mao Dynasty?

Nationalism legitimizes the Communists

October 1, 1949

Birth of the PRC
cpc ideology
CPC Ideology

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

The Communist Manifesto 1848

  • Basics: Capitalism is exploitation
  • Rich exploit poor
  • Government enforces exploitation
  • Worker’s revolution
  • Communism phase begins:
    • End private property;
    • create collective ownership
mao zedong thought
Vanguard

Peasant revolution

The Mass Line

Campaigns

Revolutionary Struggle

1893-1976

Mao Zedong Thought
to study chinese government
To Study Chinese Government
  • Government Structure
  • Party Structure
  • Leadership and Decision Making
key points
Key Points
  • Dual Structure: Government and Party

Hu Jintao Hu Jintao

President of China General Secretary of CPC

key points1
Key Points

2. Informality, Factionalism, Personal Rivalries

1980s Factional Struggle

Zhao Ziyang Li Peng

government structure
Government Structure

Formal Government: Constitution

Standing Comm.

The Cabinet ;

Headed by Premier;State CouncilCenter

Controls Ministries, Commissions,

Institutions, Working Organs Standing Comm. of NPC

National People’s Congress

smaller committees Province small committees

large committees

smaller committees County small committees

large committees

smaller committees City small committees

large committees

smaller committees small committees

Work Unit large committees

communist party structure
Communist Party Structure

Formal CPC Structure: Constitution of CPC

General SecretaryPolitburoStanding Comm.(7-9 members)

of the CCP

;

Party SecretariatPolitburoCentral Military Commission

Central Committee

Central CommitteePLA

DepartmentsNational Party Congress

smaller committees Province small committees

large committees

smaller committees County small committees

large committees

smaller committees City small committees

large committees

smaller committees small committees

Work Unit large committees

15 th party congress 1997
15th Party Congress 1997

3rd Generation 1997-2002

  • General Secretary Jiang Zemin (President)
  • Li Peng (Chair NPC)
  • Zhu Rongji (Premier)
  • Li Ruihuan
  • Hu Jintao,
  • Wei Jianxing
  • Li Langing
4 th generation psc 2002 2012
4th Generation PSC 2002-2012

4th Generation

16th Party Congress 2002

4th Generation

17th Party Congress 2007

HuJintao

Wu Bangguo

WenJiabao

JiaQinglin

Li Changchun

Xi Jinping

Li Keqiang

He Guoqiang

Zhou Yongkang

  • General Secretary Hu Jintao (President)
  • Wu Bangguo (Chair NPC)
  • Wen Jiabao (Premier)
  • Jia Qinglin
  • Zeng Qinghong
  • Huang Ju
  • Wu Guanzheng
  • Li Changchun
  • Luo Gan
4 th generation to 5 th generation
4th Generation to 5th Generation

4th Generation

17th Party Congress 2007

5th Generation

18th Party Congress 2012

Xi Jinping

Li Keqiang

Zhang Dejiang

Yu Zhengsheng

Liu Yunshan

Wang Qishan

Zhang Gaoli

  • Hu Jintao
  • Wu Bangguo
  • Wen Jiabao
  • Jia Qinglin
  • Li Changchun
  • Xi Jinping
  • Li Keqiang
  • He Guoqiang
  • Zhou Yongkang
5th generation leadership 18 th party congress
5th Generation Leadership18th Party Congress

Structure: Leaders

  • Xi Jinping (President)
  • Li Keqiang (Premier)
  • Zhang Dejiang (Chair, NPC)
  • Yu Zhengsheng
  • Liu Yunshan
  • Wang Qishan
  • Zhang Gaoli(Vice Premier)
other aspects of government and party
Other Aspects of Government and Party
  • Judiciary (Supreme People’s Court)
  • Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)
  • Ministry of State Security
    • intelligence
  • Ministry of Public Security
    • police
factional political debates
Factional Political Debates
  • Mao Era: The pace of revolution
  • Reform Era: The pace of reform
  • Always: Personalities and Loyalties
factional political conflict
Factional Political Conflict
  • Mao Era: First Among Equals
    • hazardous to your health

Marshal Peng Dehuai Prisoner Peng Dehuai

factional political conflict1
Factional Political Conflict
  • Reform Era:
    • Debate: Intra-Party Democracy,
    • Decision: Democratic Centralism
    • Tiananmen Square: Factional Battle 1989

Zhao Ziyang – Out Jiang Zemin - In

decision making
Decision Making
  • Party, Government, Factionalism
  • How are Decisions Made?

Guidance: Leading Small Groups