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Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals. President Obama’s Principles for Health Reform Reduce long-term growth of health care costs for businesses and government. Protect families from bankruptcy or debt because of health care costs. Guarantee choice of doctors and health plans.

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overview of us health care reform proposals
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • President Obama’s Principles for Health Reform
    • Reduce long-term growth of health care costs for businesses and government.
    • Protect families from bankruptcy or debt because of health care costs.
    • Guarantee choice of doctors and health plans.
    • Invest in prevention and wellness.
    • Improve patient safety and quality care.
    • Assure affordable, quality health coverage for all Americans.
    • Maintain coverage when you change or lose your job.
    • End barriers to coverage for people with pre-existing medical conditions.
overview of us health care reform proposals1
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • 4 key components of health reform proposals
    • Coverage
      • Mandates
      • Subsidies for private coverage and Medicaid expansion
    • Delivery and Payment Reforms
      • Public Insurance Option/Exchanges
    • Insurance Market Reforms and Regulations
      • Ban on preexisting conditions (medical underwriting)
      • Eliminating premium markups based on health status
      • Minimizing premium variation based on age
      • Capping admin overhead and profits
      • Standardizing coverage
    • Prevention
overview of us health care reform proposals2
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • Coverage (expanding Access)
    • Individual and employer mandates: Require individuals to have a minimum level of health insurance. Require employers of a certain size to offer insurance or help pay for coverage of their employees.
    • Provide subsidies for low income individuals – linked to a % of poverty metric to help them access the private insurance market
    • Create a health insurance exchange to facilitate purchase by individuals and small businesses
    • Medicaid expansion AND an buy-in option to Medicare for those under 65.
    • Consider changing the tax status of some portion of health benefits

See also: http://www.kff.org/healthreform/upload/healthreform_sbs_full.pdf

overview of us health care reform proposals3
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • Delivery and Payment Reforms (move toward universal coverage and control costs)
    • Create a Public Insurance Option that competes with other insurance plans and serves as an option of last resort for those who cannot get coverage elsewhere.
    • Invest heavily in Health IT – electronic medical records, system interoperability, physician order entry (CPOE)
    • Reduce Medicare and Medicaid payments to providers
    • Reward quality with incentive payments (Pay for Performance)
    • Reduce payments to those that don’t show quality improvement or invest in Health IT
    • Develop a mechanism for comparative effectiveness research for new techniques, procedures and medicines
overview of us health care reform proposals4
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • Insurance Market Reforms and Regulations
    • Ban on preexisting conditions (medical underwriting)
    • Eliminating premium markups based on health status
    • Minimizing premium variation based on age
    • Capping admin overhead and profits
    • Standardizing coverage
overview of us health care reform proposals5
Overview of US Health Care Reform Proposals
  • Prevention
    • Emphasize prevention by developing a national strategic prevention plan, creating a web-based prevention tool capable of producing personalized prevention plans, and implementing national science-based media campaigns on health promotion and disease prevention.
    • Reward seniors who adopt healthier behaviors with lower Medicare premiums.
    • Promote prevention and wellness by providing grants to states to implement innovative approaches to promoting integration of health care services to improve health and wellness outcomes and providing tax credits to small businesses that implement proven wellness programs.
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