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CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS (MOCK EXERCISES) – AN INITIATIVE BY NDMA BY BRIG (DR) B K KHANNA, SENIOR SPEC (TRAINING & PowerPoint Presentation
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CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS (MOCK EXERCISES) – AN INITIATIVE BY NDMA BY BRIG (DR) B K KHANNA, SENIOR SPEC (TRAINING & - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS (MOCK EXERCISES) – AN INITIATIVE BY NDMA BY BRIG (DR) B K KHANNA, SENIOR SPEC (TRAINING & CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT) NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY. Emergency Preparedness and Evolving the Concept of Mock Exercise. Defining Emergency Preparedness.

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slide1

CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS (MOCK EXERCISES) – AN INITIATIVE BY NDMA

BY

BRIG (DR) B K KHANNA,

SENIOR SPEC (TRAINING & CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT)

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

defining emergency preparedness
Defining Emergency Preparedness
  • Emergency Preparedness – against natural & manmade hazards
  • Building up Infrastructure, Knowledge and Capabilities
  • Personnel augmentation and their training plans.
  • Community preparedness
  • Communication plan
  • Funding Policies
  • Integrated DM Plan
  • Covering complete DM Cycle
testing of emergency preparedness plans
Testing of Emergency Preparedness Plans
  • Training and Re-training of all stakeholders/service providers
  • Awareness among Community
  • Specialized response at industry/district/state/ national level
  • Coordination between various Emergency Support Functionaries
  • Testing the organized response through conduct of Mock Exercise
comparing global models
Comparing Global Models

US Model:

  • Orientation Seminar
  • Table-top Exercise
  • Drills
  • Functional Exercise
  • Full-Scale Exercise

(Total Cost-in millions)

comparing global models15
Comparing Global Models
  • UK Model:
    • Seminar Exercise
    • Table-top Exercise
    • Control Post Exercise
    • Live Exercise
examples of global wmd drills
Examples of Global WMD Drills
  • TOPOFF 1-3
  • Chemical Weapon Drill in Cincinnati, Ohio in May, 2000
  • Testing the role of Mild Causality Center (MCC) during Mass Toxicological Event
  • Exercises conducted by NATO for “Partnership of Peace”
slide18

INDUSTRIAL VULNERABILITY PROFILE OF INDIA

  • India has 602 districts, 263 districts have Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units. 170 districts have more than 05 MAH Units.
  • A total of 1666 MAH Units in India (less the storages of hazardous substances, big warehouses, small factories). ‘On Site’ plans in place of only 1638 MAH Units. 28 MAH Units not even have ‘On Site’ Plans – Hope one of these not yours!!
  • Of 263 districts, 166 districts have ‘Off Site’ plans, but most NOT as per Schedule 12.
  • Mock Drills for ‘Off Site’ Plans rarely carried out.
slide19

STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR CONDUCTING MOCK EXERCISES

  • MoEF Rules for ‘On Site’ and ‘Off Site’ Emergency Plans – 2001.
  • DM Act, 2005 mandates NDMA to coordinate the enforcement and implementation of its policy & guidelines.
  • The Act also mandates NDMA to take such preventive measures for the prevention of disaster or the mitigation or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with a threatening disaster situation or disaster as it may consider necessary – Mock Exercise one such measure.
  • NDMA Guidelines on Chemical (Industrial) Disaster reinforces MoEF guidelines, to conduct mock drills for ‘On Site Plan’ at least once every six months and ‘Off Site Plan’ at least once every year.
  • NDMA Guidelines give out the formats for ‘On Site’ and ‘Off Site’ plans as Annexures.
need for mock drill
NEED FOR MOCK DRILL
  • To Inculcate Culture of Preparedness.
  • To Examine the Plans and SOPs of Identified Stakeholders.
  • To Evaluate the Resource Status of various Departments.
  • To Coordinate the Activities of Various Agencies for their optimum utilization.
  • To use the Feed back to identify the gaps and improve the Resource Capabilities to Face Actual Disasters.
deficiencies in exercising
Deficiencies in Exercising
  • Not Practiced Regularly!
  • No Standard Format!
  • How to prepare for Chemical Mock Exercise?
  • How to test and evaluate the outcome?
objectives
OBJECTIVES

1.To review Disaster Management Plan of the State.

2. To evaluate the Emergency Response Plan and Standard Operating Procedures of the Industry/District/s selected for Mock Exercise.

3. To highlight the Roles and Responsibilities of various Stakeholders.

4. Enhance Coordination among Emergency Support Functions of various stakeholders at District level.

5. To generate Public Awareness by

involvement of Local Government, NGOs and Public.

6. Identify the gaps in Resources, Manpower, Communications and in any other field.

steps
STEPS
  • Step 1
  • 1, Coordinating Conference
  • (a) Delineating objectives of Mock Exercise.
  • (b) Scope of Exercise.
  • (c) Selection of the District/industry for Mock Exercise.
  • (d) Date and Venue for Table Top and Mock Exercise.
  • (e) Participants
  • (f) Media Coverage.
  • Step 2
  • Table Top Exercise.
  • Precursor to Mock Exercise.
  • Scenarios are initially painted at Local Industry level and spill over as “off site” emergency where district admn comes to aid; sometimes help from State/neighbouring district/s may be sought.. Principal Secy DM, Collector/DC and Stakeholders at State and District levels like Director Industry, SSP, District Health Officer, Fire Officer, Public Services heads, NDRF Team Leader, Communication, Civil Defence, Home Guard, Red Cross, RTO, NGOs, Public Relations etc respond. Subsequent situations are painted as realistically as possible.
  • Details of Coordination and Safety are discussed.
  • The Gaps are identified and Remedial Measures taken.
slide24

Step 3

  • Mock Exercise.
  • Observers are detailed, briefed and format for assessment issued.
  • Self Assessment Formats are given to all stake holders.
  • Scenarios are formulated after due deliberations and the Mock Exercise is conducted by painting of scenarios in a sequential manner.
  • Sequence of events and Administrative Arrangements are finalized with States & District Authorities beforehand.
  • Actions are taken on ground by concerned stake holders
  • on orders of their own departments.
  • Incident Command Post is established at district level for command and control. The State may also operationalise EOC.
  • Relief Camps are established for evacuees.
  • Hospitals are earmarked for evacuation of casualties and Medical Aid Posts are established at critical areas.
slide25

Step 4

  • Submission of Final Report.
  • Reports are sent by all Stake Holders and Observers.
  • A Final Report is made at NDMA.
  • Lessons Learnt are circulated to all concerned.
chemical industrial disaster mock drills
CHEMICAL(INDUSTRIAL ) DISASTER MOCK DRILLS
  • Industrial Complex, Greater Noida, UP
  • Pithampur Industrial Complex, Dhar , MP.
  • Chemical Industry & Port Area, Mangalore.
  • Refineries and other chemical units in Visakhapatnam, AP.
  • Chemical/Metallurgical Industry in Chittaurgarh, Raj.
  • Hazira Industrial Complex, Surat, Gujarat.
  • OICL Refinery, Digboi, Dibrugarh, Assam.
  • Chemical & Pesticides Industries, Ernakulum, Kerala.
chemical industrial disaster mock drills 2008 2009
CHEMICAL(INDUSTRIAL ) DISASTER MOCK DRILLS – 2008-2009
  • Chemical/Refineries in Chembur, Mumbai.
  • Chemical & Other Hazard Industries, Coimbatore, TN.
  • Fertilizer Industry at Paradeep, Orissa.
  • Chemical, Hazardous Port Area, Haldia.
  • Steel Plant & Hazardous Industries, Bhilai
  • Thermal Plant at Kota, Rajasthan.
  • Chemical & Pesticides Industries, Goa.
  • Chemical/ Hazardous Industries, Bangalore.
  • Oil Refineries, Jamnagar.
  • Oil Refinery & Bottling Plant, Numaligarh, Assam.
major lessons learnt
MAJOR LESSONS LEARNT
  • DM Plans of Industries and Districts not as per DM Act 2005 and Guidelines issued by NDMA and schedule 11 & 12 MoEF Rules. DM Plans of Industries & District in isolation, Need to revisit & review DM Plans by professional Disaster Managers.
  • Shortage of PPE with First Responders.
  • Senior Mgmt not conscious of Safety for self.
  • Gaps in Medical Response – Shortage of stretchers, establishment of first aid post, triage, ambitious as load carriers and hospital preparedness (surge capacity).
  • No local SAR Teams.
  • Fire Fighting equipment short & obsolete.
  • Concept of ICP and its functioning.
  • Response of District Administration luke warm.
  • Duplication of Communications.
  • ‘On site’ plans practiced as a drill not for learning and ‘off site’ plans not practiced regularly.
  • Spreading general awareness in the neighborhood community – adopting villages.
  • Industry very apprehensive of interacting with media – media management.
film and ads for gen awareness
FILM AND ADS FOR GEN AWARENESS
  • Film on Mock Exercises conducted by NDMA – 11.41.
  • Awareness Campaign through Ads.