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Conflict Resolution and PeaceBuilding 1

Conflict Resolution and PeaceBuilding 1

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Conflict Resolution and PeaceBuilding 1

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  1. Conflict Resolution and PeaceBuilding 1 Moni McIntyre, Ph.D. Duquesne University Part 3 Unit 7 Click here for instructions.

  2. Instructions • Navigation through the course will occur by clicking on the following action buttons located in the lower right corner of each screen: The HOME button will be placed in the center of each slide and will bring you to the Table of Contents for further navigation. The NEXT and BACK buttons will move you through the course content. The EXIT button will be placed at the end of each Unit and will return you to the course menu.

  3. Instructions • This course is meant to be self-paced, though there will be opportunities to interact with your local and global JPIC groups. • Course content and activities should be completed in the order that they are presented to maximize student success. • The Table of Contents will be your starting point for each Unit

  4. Activity Icons • Each type of course activity has a unique icon located in the upper right corner of the screen. • In this course you will: Online journal Local discussion Read online Create doc Reflect Global discussion Watch video Quiz/test

  5. PART3:Global Conflicts and Peace BuildingUnit 7:Africa

  6. Unit 7 Table of Contents This unit is divided into several components. Start with the Unit 7 Information OR click on the link below to navigate to the component where you left off. Revisit as needed. • Unit 7 Information • 7.1 Global Conflicts and Peace Building • 7.2 Conflict Resolution in Western Sahara • 7.3 Aid vs. Trade in Africa • 7.4 Peace Building in Post-Cold War Africa

  7. Quotable… What life have you if you have not life together? There is no life that is not in community. --T. S. Eliot

  8. What is this unit about? This unit focuses on conflict resolution and peacebuilding in Africa. In particular it considers conflict resolution in Western Sahara and peacebuilding on the continent as a whole.

  9. Aims of the Unit • To appreciate the strides made in conflict resolution in a particular region of the continent, i.e., Western Sahara • To understand why foreign aid must be used to rebuild Africa’s infrastructure • To discover the connection between public policy and peacebuilding • To realize that when Britain and the United States give aid to Africa they are merely repaying the aid they received in prior centuries

  10. What You Will Learn • The role the international community could play in promoting the long-term stability of the North African region • The potential uses for aid provided to Africa by the European Union and the United States • How power politics have overshadowed conflict resolution efforts in North Africa • The importance of building a viable infrastructure in Africa

  11. 7.1 Global Conflicts and PeaceBuilding

  12. Micro-Lecture View the Lecture (01:25) Read the Text of the Lecture

  13. 7.2 Conflict Resolution in Western Sahara

  14. Reading #4 Click hereto read: Sola-Martin, Andreu. “Conflict Resolution in Western Sahara.” African Journal on Conflict Resolution 9.3 (2009): 117-140. Web. OPTIONAL: Reading#4 Study Guide **Move to the Self-graded Test on Reading #4 with Next arrow.

  15. Reading # 4 Study Guide While reading “Conflict Resolution in Western Sahara,” pay attention to the following important concepts: • Causes of the Western Sahara conflict • Characteristics of Western Sahara • Perceptions of democratic systems among African nations • Relationship between Morocco and the United States • Relationship between North Africa and the European Union • Economic partnerships between Morocco, Algerian and European nations • Strategies for solving conflicts in Western Sahara **Back to Reading #4 information

  16. Self-graded test on Reading #4 Directions: • Click on thewordsof the best answer. Correct answers are drawn directly from the material in the Reading(s). • When the answer is correct, you will see a • If the answer is incorrect, a will show. • Use the to move to the next question. **Start 19 Question Self-graded test

  17. Q1: The international community could play a greater role in promoting the long-term stability of the North African region by pursuing innovative policies geared towards addressing the root causes of the Western Sahara conflict. • True • False

  18. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… A (Page 117) The international community could play a greater role in promoting the long-term stability of the North African region by pursuing innovative policies geared towards addressing the root causes of the Western Sahara conflict. True

  19. CORRECT!! Well done. The international community could play a greater role in promoting the long-term stability of the North African region by pursuing innovative policies geared towards addressing the root causes of the Western Sahara conflict. True Let’s go to the next question!

  20. Q2. The conflict in Western Sahara dates back to • Colonialism • 1900 • 1950 • 1975

  21. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… D (Page 118) The conflict in Western Sahara dates back to 1975.

  22. CORRECT!! Well done. The conflict in Western Sahara dates back to 1975. Let’s go to the next question!

  23. Q3. The territory of Western Sahara has • Lucrative natural resources • A geo-strategic value as a crossroads of traditional trading routes between the Sahel and the Maghreb regions • Harbors along the Atlantic coast that can play a prominent role in transoceanic exports and imports • All of the above

  24. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… D (Page 118-119) The territory of Western Sahara has Lucrative natural resources, A geo-strategic value as a crossroads of traditional trading routes between the Sahel and the Maghreb regions, AND Harbors along the Atlantic coast that can play a prominent role in transoceanic exports and imports.

  25. CORRECT!! Well done. The territory of Western Sahara has Lucrative natural resources, A geo-strategic value as a crossroads of traditional trading routes between the Sahel and the Maghreb regions, AND Harbors along the Atlantic coast that can play a prominent role in transoceanic exports and imports. Let’s go to the next question!

  26. Q4. The exploitation of Western Sahara’s natural resources for the benefit of the relatively small number of inhabitants would make an independent Saharan State economically viable. • True • False

  27. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… A (Page 119) The exploitation of Western Sahara’s natural resources for the benefit of the relatively small number of inhabitants would make an independent Saharan State economically viable. True

  28. CORRECT!! Well done. The exploitation of Western Sahara’s natural resources for the benefit of the relatively small number of inhabitants would make an independent Saharan State economically viable. True Let’s go to the next question!

  29. Q5. Democracy is deeply ingrained in the political culture and idiosyncrasy of Arab regimes. • True • False

  30. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… B (Page 119) Democracy is deeply ingrained in the political culture and idiosyncrasy of Arab regimes. False

  31. CORRECT!! Well done. Democracy is deeply ingrained in the political culture and idiosyncrasy of Arab regimes. False Let’s go to the next question!

  32. Q6. Morocco prides itself on being the oldest ally of • Britain • Nigeria • The United States • Germany

  33. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… C (Page 121) Morocco prides itself on being the oldest ally of The United States.

  34. CORRECT!! Well done. Morocco prides itself on being the oldest ally of The United States. Let’s go to the next question!

  35. Q7. The US military alliance with Morocco was forged during • World War I • World War II • The Boer War • The Cold War

  36. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… D (Page 122) The US military alliance with Morocco was forged during The Cold War.

  37. CORRECT!! Well done. The US military alliance with Morocco was forged during The Cold War. Let’s go to the next question!

  38. Q8. The policy of ‘either you are with us or you are with the terrorists’ has led the US to support regimes in the region that rely on the use of coercion to maintain power. • True • False

  39. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… A (Page 122) The policy of ‘either you are with us or you are with the terrorists’ has led the US to support regimes in the region that rely on the use of coercion to maintain power. True

  40. CORRECT!! Well done. The policy of ‘either you are with us or you are with the terrorists’ has led the US to support regimes in the region that rely on the use of coercion to maintain power. True Let’s go to the next question!

  41. Q9. The European Union (EU) policy towards North Africa has been articulated around • The War on Terror • The so-called Euro-Mediterranean partnership • The Barcelona declaration adopted in 1995 • Both b and c

  42. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… D (Page 125) The European Union (EU) policy towards North Africa has been articulated around The so-called Euro-Mediterranean partnership AND The Barcelona declaration adopted in 1995.

  43. CORRECT!! Well done. The European Union (EU) policy towards North Africa has been articulated around The so-called Euro-Mediterranean partnership AND The Barcelona declaration adopted in 1995. Let’s go to the next question!

  44. Q10. Concerning conflict resolution in the Western Sahara region, the Euro-Mediterranean partners undertook to • Settle their disputes by peaceful means • Call upon all participants to renounce recourse to the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity of another participant • Both a and b • Neither a nor b

  45. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… C (Page 125) Concerning conflict resolution in the Western Sahara region, the Euro-Mediterranean partners undertook to Settle their disputes by peaceful means AND Call upon all participants to renounce recourse to the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity of another participant.

  46. CORRECT!! Well done. Concerning conflict resolution in the Western Sahara region, the Euro-Mediterranean partners undertook to Settle their disputes by peaceful means AND Call upon all participants to renounce recourse to the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity of another participant. Let’s go to the next question!

  47. Q11. The main economic partners of Morocco and Algeria are • France and Germany • Germany and Spain • Spain and France • England and France

  48. OOPS!! The answer you chose was incorrect. The correct answer is… C (Page 125) The main economic partners of Morocco and Algeria are Spain and France.

  49. CORRECT!! Well done. The main economic partners of Morocco and Algeria are Spain and France. Let’s go to the next question!

  50. Q12. The EU pools resources directly towards conflict resolution efforts in Western Sahara. • True • False