improving financial performance what is the payoff l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Improving Financial Performance: What Is the Payoff? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Improving Financial Performance: What Is the Payoff?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31
meg

Improving Financial Performance: What Is the Payoff? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

92 Views
Download Presentation
Improving Financial Performance: What Is the Payoff?
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Improving Financial Performance: What Is the Payoff?

  2. Objectives • Understanding determinates of operating performance (ROA) • Understanding determinates of financial performance (ROE) • Links between managerial decisions and financial performance

  3. Operating Profit Margin Turnover Ratio Return on Assets X = Determinants of Operating Performance (ROA) • Operating profit margin • Asset turnover ratio

  4. Return on Assets InterestAssets Leverage ROE - X = Determinants of Financial Performance (ROE) • Operating profit margin • Asset turnover ratio • Leverage

  5. Profitability Analysis AKA The DuPont Model

  6. Gross Revenue Fixed Costs Variable Costs Net Income - - = Operating Profit Margin Net Income Interest Expense Gross Revenue + ÷ = - Interest Assets ROA x Gross Revenue ÷ Turnover Ratio Total Assets = ROE x Financial Structure Total Assets Equity Financial Structure ÷ = DuPont Analysis Operating Performance

  7. Implications • If ROE > ROA • Interest rate less than ROA • Making money on borrowed money • Increase ROE by borrowing more (but be careful)

  8. Implications • If ROE < ROA • ROA less than interest rate • Losing money on borrowed money • Reduce interest cost • Reduce debt • Improve operating performance (ROA)

  9. Improving performance • Ways to enhance operating performance (ROA) • Increase operating profit margin • Increase volume per dollar invested or capital turnover • Ways to enhance equity return (ROE) • Enhance operating performance • Reduce financing costs • Leverage – more debt

  10. Income Statement Balance Sheet Data for Profit Analysis • Gross Revenue • Fixed Costs • Variable Costs • Interest Costs • Total Assets • Equity

  11. Example Case: MBC Farms • Operated by Mike, Betty, and Craig • Enterprises • Crops, dairy • Operate 3,000 acres, 250 milking cows • Own 1,800 acres, cash rent remainder • Six full-time employees

  12. Worksheet 1: Cost Basis Inputs

  13. Worksheet 4 Spreadsheet for MBC Farms Case

  14. Worksheet 4: MBC Farms (cost value)

  15. Complete Worksheet 4

  16. Worksheet 4: MBC Farms (cost value)

  17. Worksheet 4: MBC Farms (market value)

  18. Reduced interest • Opportunity to refinance term debt at a 1% lower interest rate • $91,648 in intermediate debt and $799,573 term • Saves about $8,913

  19. Complete Alternative on Worksheet 4

  20. Reduced Interest

  21. Reduced Interest Results

  22. Earlier soybean planting • Has been planting about half of soybeans after June 23 • Pushing harder would result in about a 10% increase in soybean revenue • No change in costs

  23. Earlier Planting

  24. Earlier Planting Results

  25. Summary • Measurement of performance • Operating: ROA • Financial: ROE • Determinants of rates of return • Operating profit margin • Asset turnover ratio • Cost of debt • Leverage • Links among managerial decisions & rates of return

  26. Key Points? • What are the 2 key elements of operating performance? • Overall financial performance is measured by what ratio? • With respect to financial performance, when is debt a good thing?

  27. References • Boehlje, Michael, Craig Dobbins, Alan Miller, Dawn Miller, & Freddie Barnard, Measuring and Analyzing Farm Financial Performance, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, EC-712, 1999 (pages 37-43), • Miller, Alan, Michael Boehlje, and Craig Dobbins, Key Financial Performance Measures for Farm General Managers, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, ID-243, June 2001.

  28. Strategic Business Planning for Commercial Producers

  29. Worksheet 4

  30. Reduced Interest Results

  31. Earlier Planting Results