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AID Effectiveness in Afghanistan

AID Effectiveness in Afghanistan

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AID Effectiveness in Afghanistan

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  1. AID Effectiveness in Afghanistan Name :Mohammad Sabir ID :MEP09054 Country : Afghanistan

  2. Presentation Content • Afghanistan After 9/11 • International conferences held for the reconstruction of Afghanistan since 2001 • Volume of the ODA to Afghanistan • Delivery Mechanism • Aid distribution region and sector wise • Assistance through military and non military channel • Afghan Government Aid Priorities • Paris declaration on Aid effectiveness • Challenges • Achievement • Recommendations

  3. Afghanistan After 9/11 Incident September 9/11 made significant changes in to Afghanistan social economic and political environment . At the end of 2001,the USA lead collation forces fought its war against terrorism in Afghanistan which over threw The Taliban regimes from Power

  4. International Conferences on Afghanistan • Tokyo Conference (2002) • Berlin Conference (2004) • London Conference (2006) • Room Conference (2007) • Paris Conference (2008) • Coming conference in Kabul

  5. Official ODA to Afghanistan Since(2002-2013) Amount in $US Billion

  6. Pledge ODA to Afghanistan in Conferences Pledge ODA refer to Unwritten commitment that the donor announced in the pledging conferences and or at the different occasion since 2002 . As of November 2009 out of 62 billion pledges 46 billion has been committed and only 36 billion has been disbursed in Afghanistan

  7. Donors commitment for period ( 2001-2009 ) Amount in US$ Million

  8. Per capital Aid in first Five year of post conflict countries

  9. AID distribution by Region (2002-2009)

  10. Aid Investment by Sector (2002-2009) As of November ,2009 out of 62 billion pledges only 36 billion has been disbursed in Afghanistan .Of 36 Billion around 19 billion has been invested in security sector to support reform and training of Afghanistan National Army (ANA )and Afghanistan National Police (ANP )

  11. Sector wise investment (2008-2009) This indicates that due to large spending in security sector, less attention has been given to other priority sectors of the ANDS

  12. How Aid assistance has been channeled 1-Donor Managed assistance • Delivery through Military Channel(PRT,CSTC-A ,CERP) • Delivery through Non Military Channel (Development agencies, contractor, GO ) 2- Afghan Government Managed Assistance • Core Budget • Through ARTF , L OTFA and CNTF

  13. Aid throng Military Channel Currently there are 26 PRT in different provinces which engaged in development activities Also assistance has been channeled through (CSTC-A ) and (CERP ) .Available Data shows that 40% of the total development commitment Aid has been made by military agencies . Government of Afghanistan does not have a clear picture of the assistance provided by military sources

  14. Aid through Trust Funds The Trust Funds namely the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), Law and Order Trust Fund (LOTFA), and Counter Narcotics Trust Fund (CNTF) remain a significant pooled funding mechanism for the Government of Afghanistan to finance its priority programs and to achieve the results of its development strategy. Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF ) :Administered by World Bank was established in 2002 to support the shortfall of government recurrent expenditure and finance its priority programs . Law and Order Trust Fund (LOTFA ) :Administered by UNDP was established in 2002 to mobilize resources for the support of Afghanistan National Police (ANP ) Counter Narcotics Trust Fund (CNTF) :Administered by UNDP was established in 2005 to mobilize resources needed by the government of Afghanistan to implement the national Drug Control Strategy

  15. Assistance through military and non military channel (2002-2009) Amount in $Million

  16. Priorities of Afghanistan (2008-2013) Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) is five year comprehensive Development Plan which reflects the government’s vision, principles and goals for Afghanistan that builds on its commitment to achieve the Millennium Development goals by 2020 and the implementation of the Afghanistan Compact benchmarks.

  17. Afghanistan Government Aid Policy • Aid Coordination Section :Serves as platform of discussion/negotiation between the donors and the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the allocation of donors’ assistance to projects and programs and other important issues • Aid effectiveness and policy section :The objective of this section is to ensure that the donors programs and projects are aligned with the results stipulated in the AND • Aid Management Information Section :The objective of the section is to function as an information bank on the development assistance and functions as focal point for the development partners

  18. Paris Declarations on Aid effectiveness Paris declaration 2005, Five Principles : • Ownership • Alignment • Harmonization • Mutual Accountability • Managing for the result

  19. Challenges • AID delivery Mechanism • Aid delivery through military channel PRT • Large portion of Aid goes to Security • Disparities in the Distribution of Aid • Ownership ,Alignment and Coordination • Contractor and corporate profits • Expertise salaries and cost • Transparency and accountability • Widespread corruption • Lack of capacity within the government

  20. Contractor Italian government (2.2 Million Example Italian Government Project to Reconstruct Maternity hospital in Kabul to double its capacity . Contract is given to UNFPA which was sub contracted to UNOPS and then to Italian organization and finally to Afghan construction company. As a result less then half of the total budget was spent on the project and the quality of the work was so poor that it required further reconstruction . UNFPA UNOPS Italian Organization Afg Company Budget 1 Million

  21. Achievement since 2001 • Publishing New Constitution for Afghanistan. • Presidential and Parliamentary Election for the first time . • Making National Army and National Police for Afghanistan • Highways reconstruction, more then 4000 Kilometers roads have been built which link capital with major regions • Significant improvement in the Telecommunication sector .More then 9.5 million population has access to telecommunication facilitates • In spite of the security ,social and political difficulties Afghanistan GDP growth in 2009 was 22.5% the most high growth ever Afghanistan has achieved . • Considerable progress made in the health and education sector in the past 8 years

  22. Recommendations Donors countries • Volume of the AID with emphasis on quality . • Information Sharing • Disbursement channel should be changed • Equality in the distribution of the Aid • ANDS implementation • Capacity building for the implementation of ANDS • Specify the spending of security sector Afghan Government • Corruption within the government system • Government has to improve public financial Management system • Government has to improve domestic revenue

  23. THANK YOU QUESTIONS /COMMENTS ?