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Tibor Vari Western Landscape Photography Workshop Agenda Research Books Guides Internet Magazines Trip Planning Equipment Camera Lens Film/Flash Cards Filters Tripod Clothing Exposure Depth of Field/Shutter Speed Camera Meter Histogram/Bracketing Composition Center of Interest
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“Before I even leave home, I’ve thoroughly researched the mountains I’m heading to. I already know where I’m going, otherwise valuable time and light can be wasted trying to determine where I needed to be in the first place.”
Outdoor Photographer, March 2004
Know where you are going to be during the magic hours of light!
Have alternative locations (sunny vs rainy days)
Polarizer Filters (one for each lens), eliminates glare and reflections – will pop the colors of the subject. You will lose about 1-2 stops of light.
Warming Filter (81A or 81B), good for shaded locations to remove blue tint
Enhancer Filter, pops the colors, in particular red (great out west in red rock country). Always take a shot with and without filter.
Neutral Density Filter (2 Stop & 3 Stop versions), used when the brightest to darkest parts of a picture are greater than 3 F-stops
How to use the Polarizer filter: The basics of this filter is that you get the maximum polarization by being 90 degrees from the sun shooting towards your subject. When looking for subjects to shoot, I make a concerted effort to be 90 degrees from the sun. When using Velvia out West, you will have to back off from maximum polarization otherwise the sky will be a very dark blue (same with digital).
SUN Light Direction Subject
Camera aiming at subject
1/1000 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 1/15 1/8 ¼ ½ 1” 2” 4” 8” 15” 30”
Freeze Action <-Silky Water-> Low Light
Lots of sunlight F11-F22
Wide Open Apertures Slow Film (ISO 50)
Fast Film (ISO 400+) Narrow Apertures
F1.4 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 32
Shallow DOF Great DOF
Background blurred Everything sharp
(film/digital speed – generally in 1/3 to ½ stops)
50 100 200 400 800 1600 3200
RAW, ISO 100, Aperture Priority (typically F16 or F22), RAW compression On, Tone Compensation -1, Color Space Adobe, Color Mode III (landscape), 12MP, White Balance Auto
JPEG, ISO 400+, Aperture Priority (typically F4.5 or 5.6), JPEG Compression optimal quality, JPEG Fine, Image size L (12 MP), White Balance Auto, Color Space sRGB, Color Mode I (portrait), Image Sharpening Normal
Digital Camera monitors are not calibrated! Thus you cannot judge exposure or colors by it!
Use your histogram to determine image exposure! If you do, you will not have to look at the image using the camera monitor at all!
Finally, your monitor will be difficult to see in daylight – the histogram will in fact be easier to see.
• Do not photograph the first subject you find; look for the best subject.
• Do not mount your camera on your tripod before you’ve found a good composition.
• Do not extend you tripod legs before you’ve found your subject and composition.
• Do not photography contrasty subjects in bright sunlight.
• Do not bull’s-eye your subject in the frame.
• Do not tilt horizons or place them in the middle of the frame.
• Do not try to capture everything with one picture.
• Do not photograph low objects from a high perspective.
• Do not let objects barely touch the edge of the frame.
• Do not pick a flower (or harass an animal) to move it to a better spot.
Above taken from John Shaw’s Nature Photography Field Guide.