Chapter 5 Bronze Age Cities Significant Greek contributions begin in 1700 B.C. At this time the group involved are the Mycenaeans. Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey describe the exploits of the Mycenaeans. The Mycenaenans attacked the city of Troy in the 13 th C. B.C. from Crete.
Significant Greek contributions begin in 1700 B.C. At this time the group involved are the Mycenaeans.
Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey describe the exploits of the Mycenaeans.
The Mycenaenans attacked the city of Troy in the 13th C. B.C. from Crete.
Crete is the largest island in the Aegean. The Mycenaeans conquered Crete in 1450 B.C. The Cretans spoke a language called Linear A which is still undeciphered. Crete was a connector between the Greek coastland and Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Asia minor is the homeland of European civilization (Turkey)
This is a land bridge with water on 3 sides (See figure 5.1 in book)
Toward the end of the 3rd millenium B.C. an Indo-European people came into the region from the West. They mingled with the indigenous people and formed a single state out of the scattered Neolithic villages. These people are called HITTITES and their capital is Hattusas (near Ankara, Turkey) The HITTITE state was a great imperial power between 1600 and 1200 B.C. They had large cities with paved roads, drainage channels monumental public buildings.
To the southeast was the kingdom of ASSYRIA. To the southwest was EGYPT.
Mycenean empire took over. But it is doubtful that this was the cause of the destruction.
Probably caused by volcanic eruption. (is this the same disaster discussed that affected Egypt during the Old Testament) there are apocalyptic writings from 18th dynasty of Egypt that talk about famine, plague, etc.
200 years later Greek tribes from north with ‘lackluster iron swords’ sacked everything , destroyed Mycenean culture. The Bronze Age was over.
(the Iron Age begins)
Iron requires a higher temperature to smelt than bronze. Bronze requires tin and copper which are more rare. There is evidence that tin and copper became scarce caused by trade discruptions. Bronze items were recycled. Pirates began attacking fortified cities in the Mediterranean looking for bronze artefacts to be recycled into weapons.
The ‘ages’ come from classical writing. The mythical golden age and silver age were succeeded by the bronze and iron age.