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Rabbi Yehuda Ha- Nasi

Rabbi Yehuda Ha- Nasi. Rabbi Judah the Prince. * Born about 135 CE - died about 220 CE *He was the son of Rabban Gamliel II. He is referred to as : “ Rebbi ” = My Excellent Teacher “ Rabbeinu HaKadosh ” = our Holy Rabbi.

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Rabbi Yehuda Ha- Nasi

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  1. Rabbi Yehuda Ha-Nasi Rabbi Judah the Prince

  2. * Born about 135 CE - died about 220 CE*He was the son of RabbanGamlielII.

  3. He is referred to as :“Rebbi” = My Excellent Teacher“RabbeinuHaKadosh” = our Holy Rabbi

  4. He is credited with saying “I learned much from my teachers, more than that did I learn from my colleagues, but most of all from my students!”

  5. Most Famous for: Collecting and arranging the Mishna in 220 CE

  6. Why the Mishna? • Fearing that the oral traditions might be forgotten, Yehudah Ha-Nasiundertook the mission of compiling them in what became known as the Mishna.

  7. What is the mishna? • Hebrew:משנה, "repetition", from the verb shanahשנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary” • First part of the Oral Torah • The Mishnah teaches the oral traditions by example • It brings to everyday reality the practice of the mitzvot as presented in the Torah which was much needed at the time when the Second Temple was destroyed (70 C.E) • Aims to cover all aspects of human living • The Mishnah does not claim to be the development of new laws, but rather the collection of existing traditions.

  8. What does the mishnah consist of? • The Mishnah consists of six orders (sedarim, singular sederסדר) • Each containing 7–12 sections, 63 in total • Further subdivided into chapters and verses.

  9. The orders and their subjects are:  • Zeraim ("Seeds"): dealing with prayer, blessings, and agricultural laws • Moed ("Festival"): pertaining to the laws of the Sabbath and the Festivals • Nashim("Women"): concerning marriage and divorce • Nezikin ("Damages"): dealing with civil and criminal law, the functioning of the courts and oaths • Kodashim ("Holy things"): regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws • Tehorot ("Purities"): pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of food purity and bodily purity

  10. Rabbinic Period review! • Tannaim: Rabbis who wrote the Mishnah Tannaim • Tanna: singular (ex. Rabbi Akiva is a Tanna)

  11. Rabbinic Period review! • RabbanYochanan ben Zakkai • AROUND 30-90 CE • Pro Peace, wanted to get out of Jerusalem without a fight and rebuild Judaism elsewhere • Started an academy and a new center for Jewish life in YAVNEH after the destruction in 70

  12. Rabbi Akiva- • AROUND 40-137 CE • Connected to LAG B’OMER • Well known for his optimism • He died a martyr's death (Legend has it that they Romans asked him to stop teaching Torah and he refused, so they killed him.)

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