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Illustrated Geography Dictionary. Absolute Location. The exact spot where something is on the earth. Usually expressed in longitude and latitude. Intermediate Directions. The directions between the cardinal directions. They are: Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest. Prime Meridian.

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Absolute location
Absolute Location

  • The exact spot where something is on the earth. Usually expressed in longitude and latitude.


Intermediate directions
Intermediate Directions

  • The directions between the cardinal directions. They are: Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest


Prime meridian
Prime Meridian

  • The line of longitude at 0*


Tropic of cancer
Tropic of Cancer

  • Northern line of latitude at 23*26’ representing the farthest North where the Sun is closest to the Earth.


Tropic of capricorn
Tropic of Capricorn

  • Southern line of latitude at 23*26’ representing the farthest South where the Sun is closest to the Earth.


Latitude
Latitude

  • Lines running east-west around the earth that measure a places distance from the equator.


Cardinal directions
Cardinal Directions

  • The four directions used to express where something on earth is in relation to something else. They are: North, East, South, West


Scale
Scale

  • The ratio of a single unit of distance on the map to the equal distance on ground.


Weathering
Weathering

  • The decomposition of earth’s rocks, soils, and minerals through contact with other elements.


Continent
Continent

  • A large landmass on Earth. There are seven: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.


Illustrated geography dictionary
Maps

  • Visual representations of an area.


Map projection
Map Projection

  • Any method of representing the surface of a 3D objection in 2D. Types include Mercator, Robinson, Conic, and Great Circle.


Relief
Relief

  • The differences in elevation and slope between the higher and lower parts of the land


Equator
Equator

  • The line of latitude at 0*


Longitude
Longitude

  • Lines running north-south around the earth that measure a places distance from the prime-meridian.


Hemisphere
Hemisphere

  • Any half of the earth. Could be: North, South, East, or West


Relative location
Relative Location

  • A places location on earth relative to another. For example: 5 miles past the McDonald’s.


North pole
North Pole

  • Northern most point on the earth’s surface. Located at 90*N. From here, any direction would be south.


South pole
South Pole

  • Southern most point on the earth’s surface. Located at 90*S. From here, any direction would be north.


Tectonic plates
Tectonic Plates

  • The dozen or so plates that make up the surface of the Earth.


Geography
Geography

  • The study of the earth’s surface, including climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, and more


Continental drift
Continental Drift

  • The movement of the Earth’s continents relative to each other.


Globe
Globe

  • A 3-D scale representation of the earth.


Cartographer
Cartographer

  • The study and practice of making representations of the Earth on a flat surface.


Topographic map
Topographic map

  • A type of map characterized by large-scale detailed representation of relief of the earth


Illustrated geography dictionary
Grid

  • Network of horizontal and perpendicular lines, uniformly spaced, for locating points on a map or chart.