Hinduism. Basic Worldview . Key Terms. Braham : The all-pervading, self-existent power, the cosmic unity. Atman : The true self; The essence or principle of life: reality in its individual forms, as distinct from brahman ; n.b. this is not individual soul rather it is the universal self
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Braham: The all-pervading, self-existent power, the cosmic unity.
Atman: The true self; The essence or principle of life: reality in its individual forms, as distinct from brahman; n.b. this is not individual soul rather it is the universal self
Maya: Literally ‘illusion’; this world is neither real nor unreal
Advaita: Only one reality exists. All things are one. A strict form of this belief called ‘monism’ was taught by Shankara.
Dharma: moral and religious duty
Literally ‘action’; the inexorable moral law of cause and effect governing the future: bad actions lead to rebirth in the lower orders, perhaps as an animal; good actions lead to rebirth in the higher orders, perhaps as a priest.
The bondage of life, death and rebirth, governed by the law of karma
Literally ‘release’; liberation from the continuous round of rebirths
Devotion or worship (often but not always offered to a single deity); Liberation by faith as distinct from liberation by works or knowledge.
Diversity of approaches but two main strands:
Lower level of knowledge .
Stress on immanence
Creative force in the universe
Highest level of knowledge
Stress on transcendence
Non-changing; beyond change
Beyond all attributes
-Two ways of knowing Brahman(see esp. philosopher Shankara)
Doctrine of Maya