Overview of the Himalayas Location- stretches through Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, and India (Northern Asia) Divided into two regions: Eastern Himalayas and Western Himalayas Climate • Lower Regions: usually covered in snow and temperatures are almost always below freezing • Mountain Regions: Temperatures usually range from 60oF – 90oF depending on the season Ratio of human population density to extinct species 123 : 0 Interesting fact- The Himalayas are home to the largest mountain and the highest elevation in the world, Mt. Everest.
Unique Biodiversity • Plants- 10,000 species Ex. Ermaniahimalayensis(mustard plant family) 3160 species are endemic • Vertebrate- 1827 species Ex. Ophrysiasuperciliosa(quail) Pantheratigris(tiger) 150 species are endemic • Invertebrate- N/A Ex. Lumbricusterrestris(Earthworm) Number of endemic species- N/A