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Race #4

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  1. Race #4

  2. 1) The Colonists and British Parliament disagreed over how the colonists should be _______________.

  3. governed

  4. 2) Parliament believed it had the right to tax the colonies, while colonists believed they should not be taxed because they had ____ _____________ in Parliament.

  5. no representation

  6. 3) _________ ____________ provided military leadership by serving as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. He also was the first president of the United States of America.

  7. George Washington

  8. 4) _________ __________ provided political leadership by expressing the reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain when he wrote the Declaration of Independence.

  9. Thomas Jefferson

  10. 5) ___________ __________ inspired patriots from other colonies when he spoke out against taxation without representation by saying “…give me liberty or give me death.”

  11. Patrick Henry

  12. 6) _________ _________ , an enslaved African American from Virginia, served in the Continental Army and successfully requested his freedom after the war.

  13. James Lafayette

  14. 7) Virginians who remained loyal to Great Britain were called?

  15. loyalists

  16. 8) Virginians who fought in the Continental Army were called?

  17. patriots

  18. 9) __________ _________ fought on both sides hoping to be free once the war was over.

  19. African Americans

  20. 10) _________ _________ fought alongside the Virginia patriots, while others fought with the British.

  21. American Indians

  22. 11) The Battle of _________ ________ was the first land battle of the American Revolution fought in Virginia. The American victory forced the British colonial governor to flee the City of Norfolk.

  23. Great Bridge

  24. 12) ________ ________ rode on horseback through the backwoods of Virginia to Charlottesville to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the governor of Virginia, that the British were coming to arrest him and members of the General Assembly.

  25. Jack Jouett

  26. 13) The American Victory at ___________ resulted in the surrender of the British army, which led to the end of the war.

  27. Yorktown

  28. 14) Who is referred to as the “Father of the Constitution?” He was a Virginian, who believed in the importance of having a United States Constitution. He kept detailed notes during the Constitutional Convention.

  29. James Madison

  30. 15) The Virginia Declaration of Rights was written by whom?

  31. George Mason

  32. 16) The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom states that all people should be free to worship as they please. Who wrote this document?

  33. Thomas Jefferson

  34. 17) What are the three branches of government in Virginia?

  35. Executive branch Legislative branch Judicial branch

  36. 18) The ___________ ___________ is the legislative branch of the Virginia Government that makes state laws. It is divided into two parts called ________ and _________.

  37. General Assembly Senate and House of Delegates

  38. 19) The ________ heads the executive branch of the state government. The executive branch makes sure that state laws are carried out.

  39. governor

  40. 20) The ________ ________ is the state’s court system. This branch decides cases about people accused of breaking the law and whether or not a law agrees with Virginia's Constitution.

  41. Judicial branch

  42. 21) After the American Revolution, many Virginians moved ________ and to the deep _____ in search of better farmland and new opportunities.

  43. west and south

  44. 19) Settlers crossed the Appalachian Mountains through the ___________ ______ as they migrated to new lands in the west.

  45. Cumberland Gap

  46. 22) The economy in the northern part of the United States was more ____________, while in the southern part, it was __________ and relied more on slave labor.

  47. industrialized, agricultural

  48. 23) Northern states wanted the new states created out the western territories to be “________ _________,” while the southern states wanted the new states to be “_______ _________.”

  49. free states slave states

  50. 24) _________ __________ led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia.