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“They say that it’s the Adelaide we all want …..but is it?”. Presentation by KEVIN O’LEARY Australian Civic Trust Inc. The Adelaide planning process:. Draft report on the 30 - year plan: ‘Planning the Adelaide we all want’ Final Report on the 30 - year plan

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they say that it s the adelaide we all want but is it

“They say that it’s the Adelaide we all want …..but is it?”

Presentation by KEVIN O’LEARY Australian Civic Trust Inc

the adelaide planning process

The Adelaide planning process:

Draft report on the 30 - year plan:

‘Planning the Adelaide we all want’

Final Report on the 30 - year plan

‘It is imperative that the community supports the plan if its policy objectives and housing and employment targets are to be met’

Planning and Development Steering Review Committee Report p65

‘The State Government must begin the process (of reform) by articulating a broad set of directions. While a bottom up process may seem desirable, there are such critical issues, and in some cases such limited choices, that the State Government must set a broad vision and direction in the first instance.’

new civic trust charter
New Civic Trust charter
  • Encourage wider cross section of community involvement
  • New approaches to entice public interest
  • Involve public in all phases of planning process
  • Ensure range of options analyzed
  • Proper research and analysis required
  • Appropriate responses to submissions
  • Separate Government consultation unit
  • Emphasis on ‘participation’ not just consultation
  • No special privileges to key stakeholders
  • Backed with appropriate legislation
flaws with the 30 year plan
Flaws with the 30 Year Plan
  • Ineffective measures to contain urban sprawl
  • Poor research and analysis
  • Poorly worked through assumptions in the determination of future population levels
  • No overarching vision for transport
  • Inappropriate densification proposals along major arterial roads
1 ineffective measures to contain urban sprawl
1. Ineffective measures to contain urban sprawl
  • Urban growth boundary abandoned
  • Prime agricultural land being lost
  • Housing Affordability Aust. concedes Adelaide plan is not appropriate
  • Peak oil will make living in fringe areas untenable (Aust. Planning Institute)
2 poor analysis of the future spatial organization of the city
2. Poor analysis of the future spatial organization of the city
  • Melbourne has examined future spatial organizational options:

Super CBD

Growth in Activity Centres only

Polycentric city: middle centres

Polycentric city: outer centres

Inner city in public transport rich areas

  • Adelaide plan at odds with Melbourne analysis
  • Limitations even with Melbourne study
3 poorly worked through assumptions in the determination of future population levels
3. Poorly worked through assumptions in the determination of future population levels
  • Independence of govt. population committee questionable
  • Rann govt. should have waited for Federal Government’s report on a ‘Smaller Australia’
  • Inner Rim Structure Plan highlights questionable population projections
4 the lack of an overarching vision for transport
4. The lack of an overarching vision for transport
  • Adelaide is the only capital city in Aust. that doesn’t have a transport plan
  • Alternative transport options not analyzed
  • There are major omissions in transport Govt’s transport strategy
    • Lack of attention to travel demand management strategies
    • Inadequate program for delivering transit-oriented development
    • Poorly developed strategies for commuter travel
5 inappropriate densification proposals along major arterial roads
5. Inappropriate densification proposals along major arterial roads
  • Proposal emanates from a report prepared by Rob Adams in Melbourne on Transforming Australian Cities but with some major differences
  • Rob Adams report doesn’t deal with adverse health effects
  • ‘Planned community’ response from Premiers Dept not satisfactory
  • Experience in Curitiba not relevant to Australian cities
  • Perth has a more appropriate strategy
  • Not desirable to match employment and housing in each neighborhood
  • Serious implications for industry
impacts of high trafficked areas on public health
Impacts of high trafficked areas on public health

In 2010 the US Health Effects Institute undertook the largest international study ever launched on vehicle air pollution and health. It examined 700 worldwide health-pollution studies and concluded that within 300 – 500 metres of heavily trafficked roads the resultant pollution:

  • Exacerbated asthma in children
  • Triggered asthma cases across all ages
  • Impaired lung function in adults
  • Caused cardiovascular disease and death

Other studies in the US have shown that pollution from high trafficked areas has also caused :

  • Pregnant women to be more likely to have premature and low weight babies
  • Children to develop all types of cancers including leukemia
  • Shorter life spans for nearby residents
residential densification along main roads strategies in 3 cities compared
Residential densification along main roadsstrategies in 3 cities compared

*Higher incidences of childhoodleukemia, cardiovascular diseases and other serious illnesses are associated with residential development located within 200-300 metres of high trafficked areas.)

slide14

Curitiba:

High rise development

along a dedicated bus way

slide15
Trinary Road System - The centre road has dedicated lanes for bi -articulated buses and on either side of the bus lanes are roadways for local traffic. Parallel to this street are the ‘Rapidas‘: one-way streets providing access to the downtown (Speedy Streets).
slide16

Rapidas (Speedy Street) - This street is one of the side streets that complement the Trinary Road System by providing an alternative for travelling across the city.

residential densification along main roads three cities compared
Residential densification along main roads - three cities compared
  • Adelaide appears to be moving towards the Curitiba model
  • However, it is most unlikely that it will ever be able to match the high proportion of commuter trips (75%) made by public transport – a critical factor in the success of this model.
  • It’s more likely to reach a level of between 10-20% of commuter trips made by public transport
  • It would be more appropriate that it follow the Perth model where increased residential densities are confined to Activity Corridors.
  • If Adelaide continues to implement provisions in the 30 - Year Plan there will be some very grave consequences for public health and traffic congestion
conclusions 30 year plan
Conclusions– 30 Year Plan
  • UGB should be reinstated
  • Population projections should be reviewed when smaller Australia report released
  • A lower target should be set for the amount of fringe development allowed and targets for urban growth should be more regularly reviewed
  • The proposal to densify residential development along major arterial roads should be dropped
  • Locations for the densification of development should be subject to more thorough research and analysis
  • A transport plan should be prepared for Adelaide
  • The Transit /Activity corridors plan for Perth should be given serious consideration here
  • Public consultation processes have to be improved (refer to Civic Trust model)