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Community Innovation Statistics Experiences with and future prospects on the CIS 2 nd WORKS workshop 19-20 March 2007 A PowerPoint Presentation
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Community Innovation Statistics Experiences with and future prospects on the CIS 2 nd WORKS workshop 19-20 March 2007 August Götzfried Sergiu Parvan. Is Europe getting more innovative or is Europe losing ground ? A European hydrogen bus .

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Community Innovation Statistics Experiences with and future prospects on the CIS 2 nd WORKS workshop 19-20 March 2007 A


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slide1

Community Innovation Statistics

Experiences with and future prospects on the CIS

2nd WORKS workshop

19-20 March 2007

August Götzfried

Sergiu Parvan

slide2

Is Europe getting more innovative or is Europe

losing ground ?

A European hydrogen bus

slide3

Data from the Third and Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 3 and CIS 4)

Share of enterprises with innovation activity(%)

In most European countries the proportion of enterprises' with innovation activity slightly increased in 2004 compared to 2000

slide4

Data from the Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 4)

Share of turnover with new or significantly improved products (new to the market) in total turnover of innovative enterprises (%), 2004

New Member states often with higher shares of turnover related to new or significantly improved products compared to old Member states

slide5

Data from the Third and Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 3 and CIS 4)

The most important effect of innovation

Improved quality in goods or services (% of innovative enterprises)

In many countries innovation improved the quality of goods and services thoroughly.

slide6

Data from the Third and Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 3 and CIS 4)

The highly important source of information for innovation

Within the enterprise or enterprise group (% of innovative enterprises)

Enterprises mostly used internal information sources for their innovation activity.

slide7

Data from the Third and Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 3 and CIS 4)

Innovative enterprises with co-operation with other enterprises or institutions

Innovative enterprises increasingly cooperate with other enterprises or institutions.

slide8

Data from the Third and Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 3 and CIS 4)

The main hampering factor of innovation

Innovation cost too high (% of innovative enterprises)

For many enterprises, too high costs slowed down their innovation activity or even made them to give it up.

slide10
Data from the Fourth Community Innovation Surveys (CIS 4)Highly important effects of organisational innovation, as % of all enterprises
slide11

The EU policy context

The Lisbon process and its re-launch in 2005: The new Lisbon partnership for jobs and growth: Research and innovation at the heart of the EU policies

The Annual Policy Strategy 2007 of the European Commission: “Knowledge as priority area with clear targets to improve Europe’s education, research and innovation framework as drivers for growth”

In addition: the AHO report (2006): Creating an innovative Europe: …”path to prosperity through research and innovation is open, action has to be taken before it is too late”

The Community Innovation Surveys (CIS) are the main harmonised surveys for measuring innovation in Europe and beyond

slide12

From the CIS 1 to the CIS 2006

  • Until now several waves on Community Innovation Surveys
  • The CIS 1 and the CIS 2
  • The starting-up phase from the beginning of the ‘90s with the design of the harmonised questionnaire and methodology, the CIS 2 with the reference year 1996, dissemination of tabulated and micro-data
  • The CIS 3
  • More consolidated with a quite sound harmonised survey questionnaire and survey methodology, based on the reference years 2000/2001, broad participation of countries, the CIS 3 data started to be disseminated as micro-data, some non European countries followed
slide13

From the CIS 1 to the CIS 2006

  • The CIS 4
    • Focuses mainly on product and process innovation, in however also covering organisational and marketing innovation
    • Is mainly based on the OECD Oslo Manual 1997
    • Is again based on a harmonised survey questionnaire and survey methodology and a Commission Regulation
    • Is around 20 % shorter and also easier than the CIS 3
    • Covers industry and many services sectors (with enterprises above 10 employees)
    • Is – in a first attempt - disseminated as tabular data from 12/2006 onwards
    • Is more and more also used outside of Europe (in China, South Africa, etc.)
slide14

From the CIS 1 to the CIS 2006

CIS3 and CIS 4

Un-weighted unit response rates (%)

The unit response rates often went up from the CIS 3 to the CIS 4

slide15

From the CIS 1 to the CIS 2006

  • The CIS 2006
    • Keeps the main characteristics of the CIS 4 (such as the survey questionnaire and the survey methodology) stable
    • Faces a broad implementation at national level, often on voluntary bases
    • Adds – in the view of preparing the CIS 2008 – pilot modules on organisational and marketing innovation as well as on knowledge flows
    • Faces a broader implementation of these pilot modules in many countries
    • Will be disseminated from mid 2008 onwards
slide16

Towards the CIS 2008

    • The new Oslo Manual 2005 needs to be implemented in the CIS 2008 with a better recording of organisational and marketing innovation and knowledge flows
    • Pilot modules on those new types of innovation as well as on knowledge flows were created and are implemented in countries in 2007
    • In addition: many user needs for the CIS 2008 are piling up, e.g. on :
      • Full regional innovation data
      • Eco-innovation
      • Innovation and public procurement
      • The better measuring of innovation linkages (between input and output indicators)
      • Innovation in public or other services
    • Many of these questions will be touched upon during
    • the seminar.
slide17

The micro-data access to the CIS data

    • In general: the broader and central micro-data use considerably improves the cost/benefit ratio of a statistical survey
    • Eurostat wants to push the micro-data access forward
    • Considerable progress was made hereon for the CIS:
      • Access to the anonymised micro-data: a micro-data anonymisation method was created and applied, 15 national anonymised CIS 3 micro-data sets are currently in dissemination to researchers
      • Access to confidential CIS 3: data was opened at the Eurostat Safe centre, but this is the more expensive option for all parties involved.
  • The CIS micro-data transmission from countries to Eurostat needs to be assured, the micro-data access for researchers needs to be opened for the CIS 4, the procedures need to get easier
slide18

The CIS and the European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS)

  • One of the main uses of the CIS: The EIS with the Summary Innovation Index 2006 based on the following indicators:

Innovation Output (10)

Innovation Input (16)

  • Employment high tech services
  • High tech exports
  • Sales of new to market products
  • Sales of new to firm products
  • Employment in medium & high tech manufacturing
  • New S&E graduates
  • Population with 3rd education
  • Broadband access
  • Lifelong learning
  • Youth education attainment level

Innovation

Drivers

Innovation

Applications

  • Public R&D expenditures
  • Business R&D expenditures
  • Share of medium and high tech R&D
  • Share of firms receiving public fundingfor innovation

Knowledge

Creation

  • EPO patents
  • USPTO patents
  • Triadic patents
  • Community Trademarks
  • Community industrial designs

Innovation & Entre-preneurship

  • SMEs innovating in-house
  • Innovative SMEs cooperating
  • Innovation expenditure
  • Early-stage venture capital
  • ICT expenditures
  • SMEs using organisational innovation

Intellectual

Property

slide19

The CIS and the European Innovation Scoreboard

  • The European Innovation Scoreboard 2005: some results

leading

average

catching

up

losing

ground

slide20

32 nd CEIES seminar

  • Innovation Indicators – more than technology ?
  • After 2003, this is the next CEIES seminar on innovation indicators with 6 sessions:
  • Session 1: Producer ability to collect data – some experiences
  • From Belgium, Canada and Italy: national data production experiences (including regional data); from the US: innovation data as part of the R&D survey; from Japan: non-technological innovation
  • Session 2: Data provider response ability and willingness
  • From France, Slovenia and Denmark: how do enterprises perceive innovation? Are enterprises able to answer to the questionnaire? From Denmark again: CIS data quality issues, combining R&D and CIS surveys ?
slide21

The CEIES seminar

  • Innovation Indicators – more than technology ?
  • Session 3: Comparative analysis based on CIS-data
  • Now the data users: from WIFO and the PILOT project: sectoral innovation and sectoral differences; from the Fraunhofer Institut: cross-country analysis; from the PORCH project: organisational innovation
  • Session 4: The revised Oslo Manual and the implementation into CIS
  • From Norway and Denmark: the new types of innovation and innovation linkages; from Luxembourg: 2 or 3 years reference period for the CIS ? From Estonia: from the Oslo Manual to the survey questionnaire
slide22

The CEIES seminar

Innovation Indicators – more than technology ?

Session 5: user needs for new indicators as well as the existing

From DG ENTR: The European Innovation Scoreboard and other data needs; from Merit: the under-exploitation of the CIS, more micro-data use; from Norway: measuring innovation processes; from Italy: the pros and cons of the micro-data access

Session 6: CIS 2006, CIS 2008 and beyond

From Canada: how do we go ahead with STI indicators after the Bluesky conference 2006? From Eurostat: how might the CIS 2008 look like? How can we better use the CIS micro-data? From Finland: problems with micro-data from small countries

This seminar can be seen as the kick-off for the CIS 2008

slide23

Finally

  • Europe can build on innovation such as
  • But: the world competitors do not sleep