changing stressful behaviors l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Changing Stressful Behaviors PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Changing Stressful Behaviors

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Changing Stressful Behaviors - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Changing Stressful Behaviors. Chapter 13. “Unless we change directions, we are liable to end up where we are headed…”. “The only person who likes change is a wet baby.” - Roger Von Oech.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Changing Stressful Behaviors' - may

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
changing stressful behaviors

Changing Stressful Behaviors

Chapter 13

“Unless we change directions,

we are liable to end up

where we are headed…”


“The only person who likes change

is a wet baby.”

- Roger Von Oech

“I didn’t come to be told I’m burning the candle at both ends,” said a patient to his doctor. “I came for more wax.”
how people change
How People Change
  • Doctors – 3%
  • Self help groups – less than 3%
  • Friends – 14%
  • Family – 21%
  • Spouse/significant other – 29%
  • People on their own – 30%

Gallup Poll 1990

your attitude on change
Your Attitude on Change
  • I won’t
  • I can’t
  • I will try
  • I can
  • I will
  • I commit

Can’t is a will that refuses to succeed

locus of control
Locus of Control
  • Locus of control: Perception of one’s control over events that affect one’s life
  • (Use Lab Assessment 7.5 p.164 to identify your locus of control)
  • Use Lab Assessment 13.4 as a guide to reducing stressful behaviors
behavior change
Behavior Change
  • Hear a good idea 20%
  • Develop a plan 40%
  • Decide when to implement plan 55%
  • Discuss with another (commits) 80%
  • Set a future date for accountability 95%
health and lifestyle behaviors
Health and Lifestyle Behaviors
  • Health Behavior: Activities taken by people who believe themselves to be healthy and that are designed to maintain health; a subclass of lifestyle behaviors
    • Examples: limiting sugar and salt in your diet, avoiding smoking cigarettes, exercising
    • Before you can change health-related behaviors, you must identify behaviors that need to be changed (Lab Assessment 13.1)
  • Lifestyle Behavior: All of the activities in which people engage
    • Examples: daily chores, going to school or work, meeting new people, listening intently to a lecture (Lab Assessment 13.2)
types of conditioning
Types of Conditioning
  • Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
    • Stimulus produces physiological reflex
  • Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner)
    • Reward / punishment
  • Modeling
    • Concept of imitation
barriers to changing behavior reasons given as preventing one from engaging in certain activities
Barriers to Changing Behavior--- reasons given as preventing one from engaging in certain activities
  • Cost
  • Embarrassment
  • Family responsibilities
  • Inconvenience
  • Lack of family support
  • Lack of proper facilities/equipment
  • Lab Assessment 13.3
  • Fatigue
  • Not available
  • Other people
  • Pain/discomfort
  • Time
  • Transportation
  • Weather
  • Work responsibilities
methods for decreasing stressful behaviors
Methods for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors
  • Self-monitoring: Observing and recording behavior
  • Tailoring: Making changes specific to the life of the individual
  • Material reinforcement: Rewarding a behavior with a tangible object
  • Social reinforcement: Rewarding a behavior with social approval
  • Social support: Emotional or informational support from a friend
methods for decreasing stressful behaviors cont
Methods for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors (cont.)
  • Self-contracting: Making a contract with oneself to change behavior
  • Contracting with a significant other, a person who is important to you
  • Shaping: Changing behavior a little at a time
  • Reminders: Receiving messages to promote behavior change
  • Self-help groups
  • Professional help
application of behavior change techniques
Application of Behavior-Change Techniques
  • Example: Exercise
    • Identify desired behavior
    • Identify barriers
    • Self-monitor behavior
    • Write a self-contract or contract with a significant other
    • Tailor the program
    • Include material or social reinforcement
    • Shaping: start with an easy program
    • Use reminders
    • Consider using self-help groups or professional help

© 2011 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

behavior change theories and stress
Behavior Change Theories and Stress
  • Stages of Change Theory
    • Precontemplation- unaware of the problem or need to change
    • Contemplation- thinking about change, but no action taken yet.
    • Decision/determination- start planning change/action.
    • Action- implementing management program.
    • Maintenance- continuing the changed behavior over time.
behavior change theories and stress cont
Behavior Change Theories and Stress (cont.)
  • Self-Efficacy Theory
    • Confidence in ability to carry out the change is predictor of success
    • Four ways to increase confidence:
      • Performance attainment- nothing succeeds like success.
      • Vicarious experience- influenced by observing others.
      • Verbal persuasion- “you can do it”
      • Physiological state- receive information from our level of stress.
behavior change theories and stress cont16
Behavior Change Theories and Stress (cont.)
  • Theory of Reasoned Action
    • Behaviors are a result of attitudes, norms, and intentions. Intent has been shown as the best predictor of the behavior actually being performed.
  • Theory of Planned Behavior
    • Adds the variable of amount of perceived control
goal setting theory
Goal-Setting Theory
  • Moderately difficult goal is best
  • Establish proximal and distal goals
  • People with higher self-efficacy set higher goals
  • Self-efficacy and importance assigned to goal are predictors of success
  • Core properties include specificity and difficulty of goal, anticipated benefits, and feedback
effective goal setting
Effective Goal Setting
  • Be specific about the goal and how difficult it is to achieve.
  • What are the anticipated effects of achieving the goal?
  • Feedback regarding the goal.