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English Language Arts Level 7 #28 Ms. Walker. Today ’ s Objectives. Latin Root Words Types of Plays Setting the Stage Types of Stages Play Essentials Idiom of the Day. Latin Root Words. dic – speak (dictate) dom – rule (dominate) don – give (donate) dorm – sleep (dormitory)
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Today’s Objectives • Latin Root Words • Types of Plays • Setting the Stage • Types of Stages • Play Essentials • Idiom of the Day
Latin Root Words • dic – speak (dictate) • dom – rule (dominate) • don – give (donate) • dorm – sleep (dormitory) • dur – hard (durable) • dynam – power (dynamite)
Latin Root Words • fer – bring, carry (ferry) • fin – end (finish) • flam – fire (flammable) • form – shape (formation) • fort – strong (fortified) • frac – break (fracture)
What Is Drama? A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live audience.
Modern Drama A modern play • may be tragedy, comedy, or a mixture of the two • usually focuses on personal issues • usually is about ordinary people
Tragedy A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily.
Tragedy • Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themes such as right and wrong justice and injustice life and death • Tragedies pit human limitations against the larger forces of destiny.
Tragedy The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a tragic hero. This hero: • is noble and in many ways admirable. pride • has atragic flaw, a personal failing that leads to a tragic end. rebelliousness jealousy
Comedy A comedyis a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict. boy gets girl boy loses girl boy meets girl
Comedy The main characters in a comedy could be anyone: servants townspeople nobility
Modern Comedy • Modern Comedies In modern comedies, the genders in the romantic plot pattern sometimes are reversed.
Performance of a Play • Theater artistsinclude: • Actors • Directors • Lighting technicians • Stage crew
Setting the Stage Stages can have many different sizes and layouts. • “Thrust” stage • The stage extends into the viewing area. • The audience surrounds the stage on three sides.
Setting the Stage Stages in Shakespeare’s time were thrust stages.
Setting the Stage “In the round” stage, the stage is surrounded by an audience on all sides.
Setting the Stage Proscenium stage • The playing area extends behind an opening called a “proscenium arch.” • The audience sits on one side looking into the action. upstage stage right stage left downstage
Setting the Stage Scene designtransforms a bare stage into the world of the play. Scene design consists of • sets • lighting • costumes • props
Setting the Stage A stage’s setmight be… abstract and minimal realistic and detailed
Setting the Stage Alighting director skillfully uses light to change the mood and appearance of the set.
Setting the Stage The costume director works with the director to design the actors’costumes. • Like sets, costumes can be detailed minimal
Setting the Stage Props(short for properties) are items that the characters carry or handle onstage. • The person in charge of props must make sure that the right props are available to the actors at the right moments.
Types of Dramatic Speech The characters’ speech may take any of the following forms. Dialogue: conversations of characters onstage Monologue: long speech given by one character to others
Types of Dramatic Speech Soliloquy: speech by a character alone onstage to himself or herself or to the audience Asides: remarks made to the audience or to one character; the other characters onstage do not hear an aside
The Audience Finally, a play needs an audience to: experience the performance understand the story respond to the characters
The Little Mermaid • http://youtu.be/zOYUmfGatAQ
The Little Mermaid • http://youtu.be/yGo46bbqPuQ
The Little Mermaid • http://youtu.be/VtLgcoBB2RI
Little Mermaid Animation • http://youtu.be/lQUtGDisbw4
Part 3 - The Idiom • Idioms are spoken phrases that cannot be found in the dictionary. An idiom is an expression that means something other than the literal meanings of its individual words.
pain in the neck • a difficult or annoying thing or person. • My little brother is a pain in the neck. Di
pain in the neck • Learning English can be a pain in the neck. The grammar rules are difficult to learn.
Lesson Review • In this lesson we discussed the types of plays and the ingredients needed to “stage” a play. We viewed two versions (stage and animation) of The Little Mermaid. Finally we had our Idiom of the Day.
Next Lesson • In our next lesson, we will discuss dialog and how it is used in the radio play “Sorry Wrong Number.” In addition we will discuss the playwright and his craft.