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OCR Level 3 Cambridge Technicals in Business

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OCR Level 3 Cambridge Technicals in Business. Introduction to. Unit 1: Business Environment. Two very different businesses. In October 1942, following the setting up of a national Famine Relief Committee, the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief met for the first time and Oxfam was born. .

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ocr level 3 cambridge technicals in business

OCR Level 3Cambridge Technicalsin Business

Introduction to

Unit 1:

Business Environment


Two very different businesses

In October 1942, following the setting up of a national Famine Relief Committee, the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief met for the first time and Oxfam was born.

Oxfam continues to support relief for poverty via direct action projects all over the world, often in areas of severe deprivation.


Two very different businesses

These initials, along with ‘Co’ from Cohen, gave Jack the idea for the name of his own label – TESCO.

In 1919, Jack Cohen started selling surplus groceries from a market stall in the East End of London.

In 1924 Jack sold his first own-brand product. This was tea from a firm of tea suppliers of whom T E Stockwell was a partner.



The purpose of Oxfam is to help create lasting solutions to the injustice of poverty.

Oxfam uses a combination of rights-based sustainable development programs, public education, Fair Trade, campaigns, advocacy, and humanitarian assistance in disasters and conflicts.



Tesco’s vision is to be:

a modern and innovative company and winning locally, applying their skills globally

a growth company

most highly valued by the customers they serve, the communities in which they operate, their loyal and committed staff and their shareholders


Business Environment

Has no commercial or financial aims in its vision statement

Oxfam and Tesco are both major businesses, but are very different.



A public limited company with clear aims to grow its position in the market place

Performance is measured by profit and revenue levels

Oxfam International is a confederation of 15 organisations

Works primarily in the retail sector

A registered charity


Business Environment



Relieve suffering of those in need

No maximisation of profit

Income from donations

Respond to worldwide emergencies/disasters

No shareholders

Retail Sector


Business Environment


Customer loyalty

Retail Sector

Fierce competition

Value for money


Maximise profits

Public Limited Company

Customer preferences

Customer satisfaction

Brand value



Business Environment

However both:

Oxfam and Tesco represent very different organisations operating in very different business environments.

Have strong core values and strategies which are paramount to their success

Operate within a business environment where global economic uncertainty can have a major impact

Are efficient and effective organisations that achieve their very different purposes


What will you learn?

After completing this unit you will:

Understand how businesses are organised to achieve their purposes

Know how political, legal and social factors impact on business

Know the range of different businesses and their ownership

Know the impact of the economic environment on businesses


Thank you for using

this OCR resource.

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