the influence of the agriculture teacher on a student s decision to teach
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The Influence of the Agriculture Teacher on a Student’s Decision to Teach. Justin Harris. How I Decided to Teach. High School Athletics Friends School Agricultural Education Program First Year in College Not sure about career/major Engineering

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how i decided to teach
How I Decided to Teach
  • High School
    • Athletics
    • Friends
    • School
    • Agricultural Education Program
  • First Year in College
    • Not sure about career/major
    • Engineering
    • Sports and friends still high on the priority list
    • FFA Camp
choice to teach agriculture
Choice to Teach Agriculture
  • Wanted to make an impact on students
  • Respected agriculture teachers
    • Father
    • Former Teacher
    • Others
  • Seems to fit who I am
    • “Jack of all trades, master of none”
    • Work hard, even without recognition/physical reward
  • Enjoy being outdoors and doing physical things
choosing a thesis topic
Choosing a Thesis Topic
  • Something you are interested in
  • Something that can help your profession
  • Address an issue the profession is experiencing
teacher recruitment and the agriculture teacher
Teacher Recruitment and the Agriculture Teacher
  • Interested in WHY teachers decide to teach
  • If done successfully, results could help teachers and teacher educators recruit more teachers into the profession
  • Addresses an issue  Teacher Shortage
started research
Started Research
  • Google Scholar: Teacher Recruitment in Agricultural Education
  • Read some of what was out there
  • Found Park & Rudd’s “A Description of the Characteristics Attributed to Students’ Decisions to Teach Agriscience”
    • What do ag. teachers do to encourage/discourage students to teach agriculture?
    • Surveyed teachers
    • What do the students who recently made the choice to teach agriculture say?
where i am now
Where I am now
  • Decided on a topic
  • Committee
  • Articles and their references
    • Roughly 40 useful sources so far
  • Future Plans
  • What I am finding from the literature…
teacher shortage in agricultural education
Teacher Shortage In Agricultural Education
  • Has been a problem for more than 40 years (Kantrovich, 2007)
  • 2001 – A committee of ag. teachers, school board members, recruitment specialists, and business representatives declared that the #1 problem facing ag. ed. today was teacher shortage (Reese, 2001)
what is the problem
What is the problem?
  • Currently, teacher education programs are producing enough graduates to fill vacancies, but only about 70% of these candidates actually go into teaching (Kantrovich, 2007).
what does this mean
What does this mean?
  • Unfilled positions could lead to:
    • A struggling in the program until the position is filled.
    • The position being lost temporarily or forever.
    • The loss of the entire program, likely forever.
  • The bottom line is that students do not get to reap the benefits of the opportunities an agriculture teacher can bring to an agriculture program.
  • Two options:
    • Work to increase the percentage of students who actually pursue teaching careers, or
    • Work to increase the number of graduates so that the 70% that enter teaching may be sufficient to fill any voids caused by teachers retiring, getting out of the profession, etc.
why is there a problem in the first place
Why is there a problem in the first place?
  • “You want to do what?!”
  • The decision to teach can be a tough one.
    • Not highly paid
    • Hard work
    • Long hours
    • Paperwork
    • Discipline problems
    • Etc.
  • So what motivates teachers to decide to teach?
  • The literature points to several variables which influence the decision to teach:
    • Parental influence
    • Altruistic reasons
      • Make a difference
      • Service
    • Enjoy working with youth
    • Interest in the subject matter
    • Influence of former teacher!
survey says
Survey says…
  • Inspiration of former teachers is a factor for pre-service teachers’ decisions to teach (Reid & Caudwell, 1997)
  • 54% of college students majoring in education were influenced by a former teacher (Hayes, 1990).
  • The most influential variable in their decisions to enter agricultural education was the agriculture teacher (Washburn et al., 2002).
  • Others: Hillman, 1994; Lyons, 1981; Park & Rudd, 2005; Stiegelbauer, 1994; and more
now what
Now What?
  • We know former teachers can influence a student’s decision to teach, but HOW?
park rudd 2005
Park & Rudd, 2005

Encouraging Practices

Discouraging Practices

  • Offering a program rather than just a class to take
  • Serving as a positive example and role model
  • Encouraging student involvement in FFA
  • Students enrolling in an ag. ed. program
  • Exhibiting a positive attitude about teaching agriculture
  • Exhibiting confidence in student abilities
  • Doing little to nothing in the FFA component
  • Not giving students an opportunity to participate in FFA
  • Having a program seen as a dumping ground
  • Demonstrating constant complaining
  • Complaining about students in program and administration
  • Demonstrating negative attitudes
theoretical foundation
Theoretical Foundation
  • Social Cognitive Theory
    • People learn through observing others (Bandura & Walters, 1963)
    • Possible that imitation and modeling play a role in student’s decision to teach (Park & Rudd, 2005)
    • Learning through observation not always formal. Often occurs without teacher knowing it is taking place (Bandura & Walters, 1963)
  • Causal-comparative (Ex Post Facto)
  • Population: Still need to decide
    • All undergraduate students enrolled in agricultural education in NC
    • All undergraduate student enrolled in agricultural education at randomly selected universities offering agricultural education in the southeast
  • Examine Park & Rudd’s instrument and make modifications so it is applicable to prospective teachers
  • Electronic Survey
  • Reviewed by panel of experts for validity
  • Field test the instrument for reliability
    • Cronbach’s Alpha
  • Hope to send out in Spring 2010
  • Non-responders