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3202 Final June 2009. Question and Answer Samples and Techniques. 1. Which force and feature are illustrated at points X and Y respectively?. Tension at X, Syncline at Y. Compression at X, Syncline at Y. Tension at X, Anticline at Y. Compression at X, Anticline at Y.

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3202 final june 2009

3202 FinalJune 2009

Question and Answer

Samples and Techniques

1 which force and feature are illustrated at points x and y respectively
1. Which force and feature are illustrated at points X and Y respectively?

Tension at X, Syncline at Y

Compression at X, Syncline at Y

Tension at X, Anticline at Y

Compression at X, Anticline at Y

2 which type of volcano has very steep sides a large crater single vent and is symmetrical in shape
2. Which type of volcano has very steep sides, a large crater, single vent and is symmetrical in shape?

shield

lava dome

composite

ash and cinder

slide4
3. Based on the map, (previous) which letter best corresponds to the location of volcanoes on Earth’s surface?

A

D

B

C

slide5
4. Which type of chemical weathering involves the reaction of metallic minerals in rocks to the oxygen in water?

solution

exfoliation

hydrolysis

oxidation

5 which characteristic of an old age river is evident in the diagram below
5. Which characteristic of an old age river is evident in the diagram below?

waterfalls

vertical erosion

rapids

ox-bow lakes

6 what type of delta is illustrated below
6.What type of delta is illustrated below?

finger-like

estuarine

digitate

arcuate

based on the diagram below in which direction has the glacier advanced
Based on the diagram below, in which direction has the glacier advanced?

south to north

east to west

north to south

west to east

slide9
8. Which refers to a long, narrow arm of the sea surrounded by cliff walls that were formed by a glacier?

esker

arête

drumlin

fiord

9 which is the correct sequence for coastline erosion
9. Which is the correct sequence for coastline erosion?

cave  stack  arch

arch  cave  stack

arch  stack  cave

cave  arch  stack

10 which is responsible for day and night on earth
10. Which is responsible for day and night on Earth?

revolution

elevation

latitude

rotation

11 which creates the greatest temperature range from day to night
11. Which creates the greatest temperature range from day to night?

cloudy in daytime only

cloudy in night-time only

cloud cover for 24 hours

no cloud cover

12 which is true regarding the equinoxes
12. Which is true regarding the equinoxes?

takes place in June and December

direct rays of sun over Tropic of Cancer

results in longest and shortest days

same length of day and night

13 which refers to the most common and dominant wind at a given location
13. Which refers to the most common and dominant wind at a given location?

hurricane

tornado

monsoon

prevailing

14 how do night time and temperature conditions at 40 n compare to 40 s
14. How do night-time and temperature conditions at 40°N compare to 40°S?

more hours of night andwarmer temperatures

fewer hours of night and cooler temperatures

fewer hours of night and warmer temperatures

more hours of night and cooler temperatures

15 which is true regarding the development of a sea breeze
15. Which is true regarding the development of a sea breeze?

air is heavier over the land than the sea

sea cools down faster than land at night

breeze moves from land to the sea

temperature of land is greater than the sea

16 which refers to distinct wet and dry seasons in the tropics
16. Which refers to distinct wet and dry seasons in the tropics?

convection

prevailing wind

Coriolis effect

monsoon

17 why are the north polar easterlies moving in the direction indicated in the diagram
17. Why are the North Polar Easterlies moving in the direction indicated in the diagram?

high pressure at 60° north

winds move from low to high pressure

low pressure at the north pole

winds move from high to low pressure

18 which climate region is described below
18. Which climate region is described below?

marine west coast

temperate mild winter

mediterranean

tropical

19 what does the diagram below best represent
19. What does the diagram below best represent?

decomposers

food web

ecosystem

food chain

20 which best explains why there are fewer organisms at the top of a food pyramid
20. Which best explains why there are fewer organisms at the top of a food pyramid?

there is less energy available at lower trophic levels

the available energy is constant through all trophic levels

organisms at the top trophic level eat less food to get energy to survive

energy is lost from the bottom trophic level to the top

slide23
21. Which world ecosystem is defined as having annual temperatures between 23°C – 27°C and precipitation between 100 cm - 150 cm per year?

tropical rain forest

grassland

desert

savanna

22 which is the most suitable for growing crops based on the previous slide
22. Which is the most suitable for growing crops based on the previous slide ?

50% sand; 40% clay; 10% silt

10% sand; 10% clay; 80% silt

20% sand; 50% clay; 30% silt

40% sand; 20% clay; 40% silt

slide25

23. If oil and gas development slows down because of the production of “green” cars, which condition for a natural resource would be influenced the most?

accessibility

technology

culture

need

24 which refers to labour in a farming operation
24. Which refers to labour in a farming operation?

process

output

natural input

human input

25 which is considered a physical factor in an offshore oil and gas operation
25. Which is considered a physical factor in an offshore oil and gas operation?

ice breaker

wild cat well

powerful tug

oil trap

26 which is the correct sequence in the formation of oil and natural gas
26. Which is the correct sequence in the formation of oil and natural gas?

heat / pressure  organisms  sediments  bacterial action

sediments  heat / pressure  bacterial action  organisms

organisms  heat / pressure  sediments  bacterial action

organisms  sediments  heat / pressure  bacterial action

27 why did engineers create oil rigs such as the one shown below
27. Why did engineers create oil rigs such as the one shown below?

to drill in seas up to

2000 metres in depth

to create an intricate system of

valves and pumps for stability

to control stability through the use of pontoons

to allow the rig to raise its platform due to weather and tides

28 based on the chart below which region would need to import the greatest amount of oil
28. Based on the chart below, which region would need to import the greatest amount of oil?

Africa

Latin America

Eastern Europe

North America

29 which farming method is described below
29. Which farming method is described below?

agribusiness

slash and burn

commercial

nomadic herding

30 which farming operation would control all the aspects shown in the diagram below
30. Which farming operation would control all the aspects shown in the diagram below?

subsistence

shifting cultivation

nomadic herding

agribusiness

slide34
31. Based on the table below, which characteristic accurately illustrates the difference between clear cutting and selective cutting?

A

C

B

D

32 what message is shown in the diagram
32. What message is shown in the diagram?

promotion of clear cutting

major threats to forest resources

arguments against timber harvesting

good forest management strategies

34 which is the best example of a synthetic manufacturing process
34. Which is the best example of a synthetic manufacturing process?

cleaning a cod

extracting cod oil

de-boning a cod fish during quality control

seafood chowder consisting of cod fillet, potatoes and milk

35 the graphic below best illustrates which manufacturing operations
35.The graphic below best illustrates which manufacturing operations?

labour-intensive, light-industry

labour-intensive, heavy-industry

capital-intensive, light-industry

capital-intensive, heavy-industry

36 which best describes products created by light industry
36. Which best describes products created by light industry?

very bulky

large in size

high in weight

for general consumer

37 which site situation factor is best illustrated in the excerpt below
37. Which site/situation factor is best illustrated in the excerpt below?

warm climate

literacy rates

available land

cheap labour

38 which factor is best illustrated in the statement below
38. Which factor is best illustrated in the statement below?

resource-oriented

quaternary activity

market-oriented

agglomerating tendency

40 which are the preferred characteristics for capital intensive industries
40. Which are the preferred characteristics for capital-intensive industries?

high wages, high number of available workers

low wages, low number of available workers

low skilled labour, high wages

highly skilled labour, low wages

41 which is the best example of a public tertiary activity in canada
41. Which is the best example of a public tertiary activity in Canada?

waitress

hairstylist

chiropractor

Doctor

43 which characteristic is calculated using land area and population
43. Which characteristic is calculated using land area and population?

population distribution

actual change

dependency ratio

population density

44 which demographic trend is shown for the population of hawaii between 1890 and1930
44. Which demographic trend is shown for the population of Hawaii between 1890 and1930?

fast growth

slow decline

fast decline

slow growth

45 which formula is used to calculate natural change
45. Which formula is used to calculate natural change?

(absolute change / original population) x 100

population / land area

(birth + immigration) - (deaths + emigrants)

births - deaths

46 which describes the population pyramid below
46. Which describes the population pyramid below?

stationary

increasing

expanding

contracting

47 what is the dependency ratio for the country with the population percentages shown below
47. What is the dependency ratio for the country with the population percentages shown below?

126

100

40

67

48 what is the permanent movement of people out of a country or region
48. What is the permanent movement of people out of a country or region?

pull factor

intervening obstacle

immigration

emigration

49 what does actual change data show
49. What does actual change data show?

population natural increase

population natural decrease

impact of migration

impact of natural change and migration

50 which is used by a government to best determine the number of people who will draw pensions
50. Which is used by a government to best determine the number of people who will draw pensions?

population distribution

population density

demographic transition

census data

answer 59

Students must use the sources.

• 1 mark for each of two threats

• 1 mark for each solution

• If threats are listed 0.5 for each of two to a maximum of 1 mark

Threats to Environment:*

• Desertification Ozone Layer Damage

• Soil Erosion Rise in Ocean Temperature

• Pollution Acid Rain

• Overgrazing Global Warming

• Salination Deforestation

• CO2 levels increase

Answer #59
slide56

Overall question 59 was understood as students used their own geographical knowledge to

  • support the information provided in the sources.
  • However, there were cases where students
  • simply listed and defined the threats without giving a solution for each.
  • Students,
  • did not explain the solution to the threat.
  • only interpreted the illustration rather than answer the question
answer 60
Answer #60
  • Students must use the sources.
  • 2 marks for each of two reasons
  • 0.5 mark if reason is listed plus 1.5 for explanation
answer 601

Ιtaly is a developed country while Afghanistan is a developing country.

  • Due to level of development, Italy would have more money for relief efforts, more money to rebuild infrastructure, etc.
  • Better communication/quicker responses
  • Better medical facilities
  • Extensive road system may provide better access to injured people, etc.
  • Early warning systems
  • Extensive road systems may provide better access to injured people (etc.) or for evacuation.
Answer #60
slide59

Italy has higher percentage of workforce in tertiary sector, therefore more trained personnel (ie. doctors, firefighters, etc.) suitable for rescue operations.

  • Italy’s population is more educated and therefore better able to have knowledge to deal with these events.
  • As a developed country, Italy would have better building codes, etc., so that structural
  • damage etc., may not be as great as Afghanistan.
  • ! Afghanistan is involved in conflict/war which would affect their ability to commit money/manpower/other resources to deal with a catastrophic event.
slide60

Students,

  • only listed the reasons without giving an explanation.
  • did not understand the term “catastrophic event”.
  • discussed reasons why outside governments/countries would or would not help Italy or `Afghanistan in the event of a disaster
slide61

SECTION B TOTAL VALUE: 4%

Do only ONE of the Units in Section B.

Either: Unit 6 - Population Distribution and Growth (# 61)

Or: Unit 7 - Settlement and Urbanization (# 62)

.

slide62

61. Using the diagram below, explain how world population is changing and how birth and death rates have influenced this trend.

slide63

Grading Key:

  • 2 marks for describing changes in world population from graph
  • 2 marks for influence of birth and death rates on this trend
slide64

Answers

  • Population increased slowly up to 1850
  • Growth rate increased slightly from 1850 to 1950
  • Very rapid growth from 1950 onward
  • Leveling of growth rate with slight increase after 2050
  • Possible decline after 2150
  • Main reason for rapid population increase after 1945-50 were improvements in economic, social and medical conditions. This caused significant reductions in death rates.
  • Population may stabilize due to:
  • - decreased birth rates.
  • - decrease in proportion of population in child bearing years.
  • - decrease in birth rates caused by infertility brought on by pollution.
  • - increase in deaths from environmental pollutants.
slide65

Students,

  • did not use the source as a reference in their answer.
  • used the graphic but did not show the influence of birth and death rates.
  • gave little elaboration in their answers.
  • provided answers that were poorly written and explained.
slide66

Units 1 - 5

CASE STUDY 1: The Nile River: A Mixed Blessing

63. Using one example from the case study and one example from your geographical knowledge, explain two ways human activity is influenced by climatic conditions.

slide67

Grading Key

  • 2 marks for example from case study (0.5 for listing example plus 1.5 for explanation)
  • 2 marks for example from geographical knowledge (0.5 for listing example plus 1.5 for explanation)
slide68

Answers

From the Case Study:

! Building of dam to help in periods of drought

! This forced people to use artificial fertilizer which contaminated fish and affected the

food supply.

! Health problems increased

! Cultural icons were destroyed

! Flooding increased, which in turn affected food security. (Destroyed crops, etc). Loss of

livestock, destruction of homes

! Nile River provides source of water

From

slide69

From Geographical knowledge:

Any acceptable influence of climate on human activity:

  • Sea level changes
  • Global warming
  • Recreation
  • Occupations/professions
  • Heat
  • Transportation
  • Sporting Events
  • Clothing/dress
  • Construction/housing
  • Ozones
  • Earthquakes/volcanoes
  • Desertification
  • Settlement patterns
  • Acid rain
slide70

Students,

  • gave two examples from either case study or geographical knowledge instead of one from each.
  • read the question incorrectly giving two examples of how “human activities influenced climate” instead of how “climate influenced human activity”.
slide71

64. Countries in East Africa sometimes have problems recovering from disasters such as floods and drought. Based on the case study and your geographical knowledge, what two factors have contributed to this? Explain using social or economic indicators.

slide72

Grading Key

  • 2 marks for each of two factors fully explained
  • 1 mark for each factor listed
  • 1 mark for each explanation
slide73

Answers*

  • Countries of East Africa are classified as developing (terminology may vary) and
  • therefore are very poor and have little money to prevent or recover from droughts or floods or other natural disasters.
  • East Africa is also affected by internal conflicts.
slide74

Highly agriculturally based and need all available land to provide food. Floods, etc.

  • threaten food security
  • High birth rates mean it is already difficult to feed population. Floods/droughts, etc. have devastating effects on the young population.
  • Poorly constructed homes
  • Population density adds to the devastation
  • Frequency of disasters
  • Lack of health care