the renewable fuel standard the final rule l.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Renewable Fuel Standard: The Final Rule

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 42

The Renewable Fuel Standard: The Final Rule - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Renewable Fuel Standard: The Final Rule. Tim Columbus and Lizzy Glidden. Primary Changes Under RFS2. Expansion of the applicable renewable volume obligation (“RVO”) Separation of RVOs into four separate categories of renewable fuel:

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Renewable Fuel Standard: The Final Rule' - maureen

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the renewable fuel standard the final rule

The Renewable Fuel Standard: The Final Rule

Tim Columbus and Lizzy Glidden

primary changes under rfs2
Primary Changes Under RFS2
  • Expansion of the applicable renewable volume obligation (“RVO”)
  • Separation of RVOs into four separate categories of renewable fuel:
    • Renewable fuel, advanced biofuel, biomass-based diesel, and cellulosic biofuel
  • Expansion of fuel types subject to the standards, including diesel
  • New Cellulosic biofuel waivers and credits now available
  • Renewable fuels must meet certain lifecycle emission reduction thresholds
  • Renewable fuel from existing facilities is exempt from the lifecycle GHG emission reduction threshold of 20% up to a baseline volume for that facility that will be established at the time of registration
  • A new definition of renewable biomass
  • Municipal solid waste (“MSW”) may be included as renewable biomass in some circumstances
highlights of the new rfs2 program
Highlights of the New RFS2 Program
  • The RFS2 Regulations will go into effect July 1, 2010
  • Parties must register or re-register under RFS2 before July 1st due to the additional information required
  • All RIN generation, trading, and use for compliance will be done through the EPA-Moderated Transaction System (EMTS)
  • Rule provides an aggregate compliance approach for renewable biomass, applicable to domestic feedstocks The rule provides a process to evaluate new fuels and feedstocks to determine the appropriate D code (renewable fuel category) if such pathways are not already approved for RIN generation
how the rfs2 program works
How the RFS2 Program Works
  • WHO is an obligated party?
  • WHAT is their obligation under RFS2?
  • HOW do they meet that obligation?
  • Requirements Under RFS2
who is an obligated party under the rfs2 program
WHO is an obligated party under the RFS2 program?
  • Obligated party is defined as (40 CFR §80.1406 (a)(1)): any refiner that produces gasoline or diesel fuel within the 48 contiguous states or Hawaii, or any importer that imports gasoline or diesel fuel into the 48 contiguous states or Hawaii.
    • A party that simply blends renewable fuel into gasoline or diesel fuel is not an obligated party
    • Under certain circumstances, an exporter of renewable fuels may become an obligated party
what is the obligation renewable volume obligation rvo
WHAT is the Obligation: Renewable Volume Obligation (RVO)
  • To comply with RFS2, obligated parties must meet their renewable volume obligation (“RVO”) through the accumulation of Renewable Identification Numbers (“RINs”)
  • Obligated parties must determine their RVOs based on the volume of gasoline or diesel fuel they produce and import during the year
  • They must demonstrate compliance with their RVOs in an annual report, due Feb 28th the following year.
renewable volume obligation rvo con t
Renewable Volume Obligation (RVO) Con’t
  • RVOs are now calculated based on production or importation of both gasoline and diesel fuels, rather than gasoline alone.
    • Gasoline
      • Both reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (“RBOB”) and unfinished conventional gasoline designed for downstream oxygenate blending (“CBOB”)
    • Diesel
      • Petroleum-based diesel fuel that is designated as motor vehicle, nonroad, locomotive, and marine diesel fuel (“MVNRLM”)
  • Transportation fuels other than gasoline or MVNRLM diesel fuel are not subject to the standards
what are the new standards
What are the New Standards?
  • Four Separate Standards
    • Biomass-Based Diesel: 1 billion gallons by 2012 and beyond
      • E.g., Biodiesel, renewable diesel if fats and oils not co-processed with petroleum
      • Must meet a 50% lifecycle GHG threshold
      • EPA may increase the volume above 1 bill gal for 2013+
    • Cellulosic Biofuel: 16 billion gallons by 2022, subject to annual assessments
      • Renewable fuel produced from cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin
      • E.g., cellulosic ethanol, BTL diesel, green gasoline, etc.
      • Must meet a 60% lifecycle GHG threshold
    • Advanced Biofuel: Total of 21 billion gallons by 2022 (Min. of 4 billion add’l)
      • Can be essentially anything except corn starch ethanol
      • Includes cellulosic biofuels and biomass-based diesel
      • Must meet a 50% lifecycle GHG threshold
    • Renewable Biofuel: Total of 36 billion gallons by 2022 (Min. of 15 billion add’l)
      • Ethanol derived from corn starch – or any other qualifying renewable fuel
      • Must meet 20%
2010 standards
2010 Standards
  • EISA requires the total renewable fuel standard of 12.95 billion gallons for 2010
  • This volume, represented as a fraction of a blender’s or importers gasoline and diesel volume, must be renewable fuel.

* Combined 2009/2010 Biomass-Based Diesel Volumes Applied in 2010

2010 standards special rules cellulosic and biomass based diesel
2010 Standards Special Rules: Cellulosic and Biomass-Based Diesel

Cellulosic Biofuel

  • 2010 cellulosic biofuel standard is 6.5 million gallons, which is significantly less than the volume EISA required for 2010
    • RVO for cellulosic biofuel can be met with RFS1 RINs with a D code of 1 (“cellulosic biomass ethanol”) and/or RFS2 RINs with a D code of 3 or 7 (* See page 16)

Biomass-Based Diesel

  • 2010 standard is based on the combined statutory volumes from 2009 (0.5 billion gallons) and 2010 (0.65 billion gallons) for a total of 1.15 billion gallons
    • Rollover cap of 20% does not apply to 2008 biodiesel RINs used for compliance in 2009
calculating the rvo producers and importers of gasoline and diesel
Calculating the RVO: Producers and Importers of Gasoline and Diesel

Renewable Volume


Number of RINs that

must be acquired



Percentage standard

Cellulosic biofuel

Biomass-based diesel

Advanced biofuel

Total renewable fuel



RVO = (RFStd x (GV + DV)) + D

Deficit carryover

  • Exporters of renewable fuel could have an RVOs; but exporters of gasoline and diesel have no RVO and no other requirements
how is the obligation met renewable identification number rin
HOW is the Obligation Met:Renewable Identification Number (RIN)
  • Obligated parties will demonstrate compliance with the RFS2 by meeting their RVO by accumulating RINs
  • Producers and importers of renewable fuel may generate RINs if the fuel:
    • Is appropriately assigned a “D Code”
    • Is demonstrated to be produced from “renewable biomass”
  • However, the EPA is not requiring producers and importers of renewable fuels to generate RINs.
    • RFS2 permits U.S. manufacturers to produce biofuels and enter them into the domestic stream of commerce without generating a corresponding RIN.
renewable identification numbers rins
Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs)
  • Under RFS2, RINs will continue to have the same 38-character numeric code of the following form:


  • “D code” = 1 for cellulosic biomass ethanol under RFS1

= 2 for all other renewable fuels under RFS1

= 3 for cellulosic biofuel

= 4 for biomass-based diesel

= 5 for advanced biofuel

= 6 for other renewable fuel

= 7 for cellulosic diesel

  • Note: Within EMTS, 38 digit RIN is invisible. Users generate, trade, and use “generic” RINs identifiable only by category, generator name, etc.
complying with the rvo nested requirement
Complying with the RVO: “Nested” Requirement
  • The new volume requirements are not exclusive, and are “nested” requirements.
  • May not use single RIN to meet two RVOs
assigning a d code
Assigning a “D Code”
  • Renewable fuel producers and importers use a “lookup table” to assign the appropriate “D code”
  • By identifying their applicable “pathway” (combination of fuel type, feedstock, and process), the look up table specifies the appropriate D code to use in the RIN
  • Regulations also provide a mechanism for dealing with multiple simultaneous pathways, for example
    • Two different types of fuel made from the same feedstock
    • Two different feedstocks used to produce the same fuel type
    • Processes that use both renewable feedstocks and fossil fuels
rin special rules deficit or carryover rins
RIN Special Rules: Deficit or Carryover RINs
  • Obligated parties with excess RINs may:
    • Transfer excess RINs to another party or
    • Retain excess RINs for use in complying with its RVOs in the following year (subject to a 20% rollover cap)
  • Obligated parties who are deficient can not carry deficit RINs for two consecutive years
rin special rules rin expiration
RIN Special Rules: RIN Expiration
  • A RIN is generally valid for compliance during the calendar year in which it was generated, or the following calendar year.
  • RINs not used for compliance purposes for the calendar year in which it was generated, or for the following calendar year, will be considered expired RINs.
  • There is no current requirement to report expired RINs to the EPA.
rin special rules invalid rins
RIN Special Rules: Invalid RINs
  • An invalid RIN is a RIN that is any of the following:
    • A duplicate of a valid RIN
    • Was based on incorrect volumes
    • Was based on an incorrect equivalence value
    • Has expired
    • Does not meet the renewable fuel definition
    • Was assigned an incorrect “D” code for the associated volume of fuel.
    • Was improperly separated
    • Was otherwise improperly generated.
  • In the event that the same RIN is transferred to two or more parties, all such RINs are deemed invalid, unless EPA determines that some portion of these RINs is valid.
equivalence values
Equivalence Values
  • To specify the value of each renewable fuel in the context of compliance under RFS2, the EPA maintained the Equivalence Value for each renewable fuel based on its energy content in comparison to ethanol (adjusted for renewable content):
    • Ethanol: 1.0
    • Biodiesel (alkyl esters): 1.5
    • Renewable diesel: 1.7
    • Butanol: 1.3
  • The 2.5:1 credit value for cellulosic biomass ethanol and waste-derived ethanol that was required under EPAct (RFS1) was eliminated by EISA
renewable biomass general requirements
Renewable Biomass: General Requirements
  • Renewable fuel producers must maintain documentation on feedstocks used to produce renewable fuel for which they generate RINs
  • EPA proposed but did not finalize a requirement that producers must also maintain documentation for feedstocks that did not satisfy renewable biomass criteria
  • Different feedstocks require different types of records
    • For example: For planted trees and tree residue, documents from feedstock producer that serve as evidence of active management and that land was cleared prior to Dec 2007
verifying feedstocks
Verifying Feedstocks
  • Renewable fuel producers may only generate RINs for fuels made from feedstocks meeting the definition of “renewable biomass” shown with “some level of documentation”
  • Three Options for Showing Feedstock Compliance
    • Satisfy recordkeeping and reporting requirements for their individual facilities
    • Form a consortium to hire an independent third-party to conduct an annual renewable biomass quality-assurance survey, based on a plan approved by EPA.
    • An “aggregate compliance approach” applicable only to domestic crops and crop residues.
      • Renewable fuel producers using domestically grown crops and crop residue are automatically in compliance. Those producers need not comply with the recordkeeping and quarterly reporting requirements established for the non–crop based biomass sector.
epa moderated transaction system emts
EPA Moderated Transaction System (EMTS)
  • Parties required to register with EPA must establish an account with the EPA Moderated Transaction System (EMTS) at least 60 days prior to engaging in any RIN transactions, or July 1, 2010, whichever is later.
  • EMTS monitors RIN transfers between interested parties
  • Of note, the sale, and particularly the price of the sale, must be reported to the EPA through the EMTS.
  • After RINs have entered the system, parties may then trade them based on agreements outside of EMTS.
  • More on EMTS is available here:
requirements under rfs2
Requirements Under RFS2
  • Registration/re-registration under RFS2
  • Reporting Requirements
  • Recordkeeping Requirements
registration requirements
Registration Requirements
  • Obligated Parties, Producers, Importers and Exporters of renewable fuel must register or re-register under the RFS2 program by July 1, 2010, or 60 days prior to RIN ownership - whichever date comes later.
  • Other Interested Parties. Any other party who owns RINs, or intends to own RINs, must register or re-register with the EPA and must receive an EPA-issued company identification number prior to owning any RINs. Registration information must be submitted to EPA at least 30 days prior to RIN ownership.
foreign and domestic producers required registration information
Foreign and Domestic Producers: Required Registration Information
  • All general registration information, plus:
  • A description of the types of renewable fuels to be produced at the facility
  • A list of all feedstocks the facility is capable of utilizing for fuel production
  • A description of the facility’s renewable fuel production process
  • A list of the facility’s process energy fuel types and locations from which the fuel was produced or extracted
  • An independent third party engineering review
  • Fuel Supply Plan
    • Records relevant to generation of RINs from:Producers providing biogas to transportation fueling facilities as described in §80.1426(f)(10)
    • Producers providing biogas to transportation fueling facilities Producers using biogas for process heat in the production of renewable fuel
    • Additional requirements for certain facility specific situations
foreign producers additional registration information
Foreign Producers: Additional Registration Information
  • Same requirements as domestic producers, (registering feedstocks, facilities, and products; and on-site independent engineering)
  • RIN-generating foreign producer:
    • The ethanol must be dewatered and denatured by the foreign producer prior to leaving the production facility and prior to the generation of RINs.
    • Must strictly segregate a batch of renewable fuel and it’s associated RINs from all other volumes of renewable fuel as it travels from the foreign producer to the importer.
  • Foreign producer of renewable fuel can choose not to participate in the RFS2 program, and can still export to the U.S., but no RINs may be generated from their fuel.
parties who own or intend to own rins
Parties Who Own or Intend to Own RINs
  • Parties must submit and have an approved registration and receive an EPA-issued company identification number prior to owning any RINs
  • Registration must be submitted at least 30 days prior to RIN ownership
producer registration updates
Producer Registration Updates
  • Any producer of renewable fuel who makes changes to his facility that will qualify his renewable fuel for a new “D” code (as defined in §80.1425(g)) that is not reflected in the current registration information on file with EPA must update their registration, with an updated engineering review at least 60 days prior to the production of the new type of renewable fuel
  • Any producer who makes any other changes to a facility that does not affect the current “D” code(s) on file with EPA must update registration information 7 days prior to change
  • All producers must update registration information and submit a copy of an updated independent engineering review every 3 years after initial RFS2 registration (see §80.1450(d)(3) for further information)
recordkeeping obligated parties
Recordkeeping: Obligated Parties
  • PTDs for activities involving renewable fuel or separated RINs
  • Copies of all reports submitted to EPA
    • Records related to all RIN transactions: RINs owned, purchased, sold, separated, retired or reinstated
    • Parties involved in each transaction
    • Date of transfer of RINs
    • Any additional information
    • Records related to use of RINs for compliance: Methods/variables used to calculate RVO
    • List of RINs used for compliance
    • Any additional information
  • Records related to RIN separation
recordkeeping domestic renewable fuel producers
Recordkeeping: Domestic Renewable Fuel Producers
  • PTDs for transferred renewable fuel or separated RINs
  • Copies of reports submitted to EPA
    • Records on generation and assignment of RINs: Batch volume and number; RINs assigned; batches by renewable fuel type; type and quantity of co-products, feedstocks, process heat fuel; feedstock energy calculations; date of production; lab analysis results; commercial documents.
    • Records on RIN transactions: RINs owned, purchased, sold, retired or reinstated; the parties involved in each transaction; date of transaction; any other details.
  • Records relating to production, importation, ownership, sale or use of any volume of neat fuel
  • Copies of registration documents
  • Renewable biomass records
  • There are special requirements for producers generating RINs for biogas or electricity from renewable biomass
recordkeeping rin generating importers
Recordkeeping: RIN-generating Importers
  • PTDs
  • Copies of reports submitted to EPA
  • Records on generation and assignment of RINs
  • Records on RIN transactions
  • Records relating to neat fuel
  • Copies of registration documents
  • Renewable biomass records (if generating RINs), as described in previous slides
recordkeeping other parties that own rins
Recordkeeping: Other Parties That Own RINs
  • Any party that owns RINs that is not an obligated party or renewable fuel producer must keep these records:
    • Product transfer documents
    • Copies of all reports submitted to EPA
    • Records related to each RIN transaction by renewable fuel category, including:
      • A list of the RINs owned, purchased, sold, retired, or reinstated.
      • The parties involved in each RIN transaction including the transferor, transferee, and any broker or agent.
      • The date of the transfer of the RIN(s).
changes from rfs1 reporting
Changes from RFS1 Reporting
  • RFS1 RINs
    • RFS0101: RFS2 Activity Report
    • RFS0201: RFS1 RIN Transaction Report
    • RFS0301: RFS2 Annual Compliance Report
  • RFS 2 RINs
    • RFS0101: RFS2 Activity Report
    • RFS0301: RFS2 Annual Compliance Report
    • RFS0600: RFS2 Renewable Fuel Producer Supplemental Report
    • RFS0700: RFS2 Renewable Fuel Producer Co-products Report
    • EPA may add an additional report to supplement the RFS2 transaction report.
reporting requirements
Reporting Requirements
  • Types of Reports
    • RIN Generation Report:Renewable fuel producers and importers above 10,000 gallons/year must report to EPA on each batch of their fuel and indicate whether or not RINs are generated for the batch.
    • RIN Transaction Report:Under the RFS2, there are two changes to the RIN Transaction Report. First, for reports of RINs assigned to a volume of renewable fuel, the volume of renewable fuel must be reported. Second, RIN price information must be submitted for transactions involving both separated RINs and RINs assigned to a renewable volume. This information was not collected under RFS1.
    • Production Outlook Reports:Starting in 2010, the EPA will require annual production outlook reports from all domestic renewable fuel producers, foreign renewable fuel producers who register to generate RINs, and importers of renewable fuels.
reporting requirements con t
Reporting Requirements Con’t.
  • Obligated parties and exporters must submit to EPA:
    • Annual compliance reports due 2/28 of the following yr
    • RIN transaction reports
    • Quarterly RIN activity reports
    • Annual Production Reports
  • Renewable fuel producers (domestic and foreign) and importers who generate RINs must submit to EPA:
    • For RINs generated beginning on July 1, 2010, RIN generation reports for each facility owned by the renewable fuel producer or importer
    • RIN generation and transaction reports
    • Quarterly RIN activity reports
    • Annual Production Reports
  • All Other RIN-owning parties must submit to EPA:
    • For RIN transactions beginning on July 1, 2010, RIN transaction reports listing each RIN transaction
    • RIN transaction information listing each RIN transaction submitted to the EMTS
attest engagement requirements
Attest Engagement Requirements
  • Producers of renewable fuels, obligated parties, exporters, and any party who owns RINs must arrange for an annual attest engagement.
  • The attest engagement report for any given year must be submitted to EPA by no later than May 31 of the following year.
  • As with the RFS1 program, an attest engagement must be conducted by a Certified Public Accountant (“CPA”) or Certified Internal Auditor (“CIA”), who is independent of the party whose records are being reviewed, and who will follow agreed-upon procedures to determine whether underlying records, reported items, and transactions agree.
penalties under the rfs program
Penalties under the RFS program
  • Civil penalties of up to $37,500 per day, per each individual violation, plus the amount of any economic benefit or savings resulting from each violation.
    • A failure to acquire sufficient RINs to meet a party's renewable fuels obligation constitutes a separate day of violation for each day the violation occurred during the annual averaging period.
question and answer section
Question and Answer Section
  • If you have additional questions, please contact:
    • Tim Columbus (202-429-6222,
    • Lizzy Glidden (202-429-1308,