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Information Technology in Healthcare. Introduction. One of the most common themes in just about every current or recent past plan to reform healthcare has been the reliance on IT to deliver Lower Costs Fewer errors Better outcomes

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Information Technology in Healthcare

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    1. Information Technology in Healthcare

    2. Introduction • One of the most common themes in just about every current or recent past plan to reform healthcare has been the reliance on IT to deliver • Lower Costs • Fewer errors • Better outcomes • Increased overall system efficiencies

    3. Introduction • One of the main expected drivers is electronic medical records • But that is not the only area • Improved information on diagnosis • Coordination • Delivery • Estimated to result in $261 billion in savings over 10 years • Is that a lot?

    4. American College of Physicians and AmericanEHRPartners:“Challenges with Meaningful Use: EHR Satisfaction & Usability Diminishing” Satisfaction and usability ratings for certified electronic health records have decreased since 2010.  Overall, user satisfaction fell 12 percent from 2010 to 2013. The percentage of clinicians who would not recommend their EHR to a colleague increased from 24 percent in 2010 to 39 percent in 2013. Clinicians who were "very satisfied" with the ability for their EHR to improve care dropped by 6 percent compared to 2010, while those who were   "very dissatisfied" increased by 10 percent. Thirty-four percent of users were "very dissatisfied" with the ability of their EHR to decrease workload — an increase from 19 percent in 2010. In 2013, 32 percent of the responders had not returned to normal productivity compared to 20 percent in 2010. Dissatisfaction with ease-of-use increased from 23 percent in 2010 to 37 percent in 2013, while satisfaction with ease-of-use dropped from 61 to 48 percent

    5. Introduction • We have a long way to go • About 40% of physicians and 27% of hospitals are using basic electronic health records • But we’ve made progress – just 4 years ago these percentages were 20% and 10%, respectively • However, relatively few are meaningfully applying health IT to advance care coordination, aide clinical decision making, or report health outcomes. • So there is potential but no guarantees

    6. Introduction Ask Heath care executives if they feel good about the quality, accessibility, and timeliness of clinical and business data at their organization and the answer is generally – NO Why? Or why is healthcare so far behind?

    7. Why does Healthcare Lag in IT? • Large number of small organizations • Incentives are misaligned • Better management of chronically ill may actually cost providers money. • Goals of physicians may be different from goals of hospital • Higher quality/more efficient care may not result in increased “customers” • Fragmented system • Network externality • Complexity of care • Health care vs. Banking • What is happening to try to resolve this?

    8. HITECH • Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health – HITECH • Part of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act • In February 2010 $750 million in grants and contracts went to agencies in 40 states and to 30 nonprofit organizations to “facilitate the exchange of health information.” • Also $225 million to 55 training programs to help train people for jobs in the health care and Health IT sectors.

    9. HITECH • Carrots and Sticks • The carrots: • $14-27 billion will go to physicians, hospitals and other providers in the form of bonuses on their Medicare and Medicaid payments. • Fiscal year 2011 (October 2010) to hospitals • January 2011 physicians (up to $18,000) • If they can demonstrate that they are making “meaningful use” of health IT in addition to merely purchasing it and installing it. • Then comes the stick • In 2015(6?) payments will be replaced by penalties for those not showing meaningful use.

    10. HITECH • Responsibility for implementing provisions held by HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT • Dr. Karen B. DeSalvo, MD, MPH, MSc • Formerly FarzadMostashari, David Blumenthal • August 2010 plan for certifying electronic health record systems was released. • Functional • Interoperable • Secure

    11. Defining Meaningful Use

    12. What is MU? • To receive an EHR incentive payment, providers have to show that they are “meaningfully using” their EHRs. • Stage 1 • 13 (hospitals) or 14 (professionals) core objectives that must be met • 5 objectives from a menu of 10 • Focus is on having technology in place and collecting data • Stage 2 – 2014 for those who started in 2011 • Similar criteria must be met • But focus is on using the data • Stage 3 • Focus on achieving improvements in quality, safety, and efficiency

    13. Move to ICD-10 • ICD-10-CM codes used in documenting diagnoses (cm=clinical modification) • 3-7 characters in length and total 68,000 • ICD-9-CM are 3-5 digits and number over 14,000 • ICD-10-PCS are the procedure codes and are alphanumeric • 7 characters in length and total about 87,000 procedures • ICD-9-CM procedure codes are only 3-4 numbers in length and total about 4,000 codes

    14. Specificity looks like this… ICD-9-CM 821.01 Fracture of femur, shaft, closed ICD-10-CM Many possible codes

    15. Benefits Codes in ICD-10 are more specific, which means… • Improved care management of beneficiaries • Clinical data with greater specificity • Reliable and robust clinical data that can be used to make intelligent, data driven decisions • More accurate payments • Reduced number of miscoded, rejected and improper reimbursement claims • Better data for fraud and abuse monitoring

    16. Benefits Cont’d Better understanding of the value of new medical procedures Improved disease management Better understanding of healthcare outcomes More ICD codes to address global disease emergencies