Figurative Language (figures of speech) Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Oxymoron, Alliteration,Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole, Idioms
Simile Comparing seemingly unlike things using the words like or as “Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re going to get.”
Simile Write a simile that describes this dog
“A dream deferred” by Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?
“Simile” by Scott Momaday What did we say to each other that now we are as the deer who walk in single file with heads high with ears forward with eyes watchful with hooves always placed on firm ground in whose limbs there is latent flight
Metaphor Comparing two things without the use of the words like or as He had the heart of a lion
Metaphor Write a metaphor that describes this cat.
Metaphor Poetry • Find the subject • What is the subject being compared to
Tranquility by Starfields Time slides a gentle ocean waves upon waves, washing the shore, loving the shore.
Shakespeare: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” (sonnet) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed. But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st. So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Peace by Starfields The wind is now a roaring, smashing monster of destruction, raking all man’s work from the valleys, from the vales, and sends them spinning, broken flying- But all of that is not its core, its center is in truth eternal stillness bright blue skies and all you hear are gentle whispers far away and unimportant.
Color Poems & Emotion POems Write a Simile and Metaphor Poem
Color poem: express your feelings about a single color with imagery similes Color looks like… Color sounds like… Color smells like… Color tastes like… Color feels like…
Finished product options: All Similes: Change some of the similes to metaphors: Scarlet is a mink coat. It’s the sound of a cello. Scarlet is red wine. It’s the taste of roasted potatoes. Scarlet feels like soft velvet. Scarlet looks like a mink coat. Scarlet sounds like a cello. Scarlet smells like red wine. Scarlet tastes like rosemary roasted potatoes. Scarlet feels like soft velvet.
Personification Personification is a figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics. Tears began to fall from the dark clouds.
Personification • It was time to go home, but the bell refused to ring. • The car happily squealed down the highway. • The warm fireplace seemed to be calling my name. • The sun peeked happily from behind a cloud. • The trees danced back and forth in the wind.
Personification • The angry sky roared and threw lightning around. • The gentle wind softly kissed my cheeks as I walked. • I can see that news travels quickly. • The delicious smell of cookies pulled me to the kitchen. • That chocolate ice cream cone is really tempting me.
Excitement Excitement wears orange socks. He understands the language of flames and loves to build fires. He first taught me how to build a fire when I was seventeen. I was young and scared of being burned. Now I am preparing for another visit. This time I am going to open my heart and let the fire inside. Excitement is a visionary. He is skilled in the art of friendship. He has worked at many jobs…electrician, juggler, sign painter, singer, inventor, poet. Excitement has always moved around. As a teenager, he took a room in Anxiety’s house, and last winter Patience sheltered him. The Wind taught Excitement how to be two places at once, and they are still very good friends, though they do not spend much time with each other these days. Sometimes when Excitement dances with the Wind, there is lightning in the sky. J. Ruth Gendler (The Book of Qualities)
Doubt • Doubt camped out in the living room last week. I told him that we had had too many house guests. Doubt doesn’t listen. He keeps saying the same thing again and again until I completely forget what I am trying to tell him. Doubt is demanding and not very generous, but I appreciate his honesty. • (The Book of Qualities)
Choose an emotion • Compare it through either similes or metaphors to all 5 senses Emotion is color It tastes like _________ It smells like __________ And reminds me of ________ It sounds like _________ Emotion makes me feel like ________ Emotion Poems Experience an emotion with all five senses
Joy is bright green. It tastes like orange juice. It smells like sunshine. And reminds me of fireworks. It sounds like a crackling fire. Joy makes me feel like giggling.
Personification Choose one of the objects and write a sentence full of personification.
Oxymoron • An Oxymoron is a combination of seemingly contradictory words. • Same difference • Pretty ugly • Roaring silence
Alliteration • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. • Alliteration gives emphasis to words. • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Alliteration She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
Alliteration In Poetry
Onomatopoeia • The use of words that mimic sounds. The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
The Weary Blues Write down all the onomatopoeia words you hear
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.
I cannot go to school today, ’ Said little Peggy Ann McKay. 'I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I'm going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I've counted sixteen chicken pox And there's one more-that's seventeen, And don't you think my face looks green? My leg is cut-my eyes are blue- It might be instamatic flu. I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke, I'm sure that my left leg is broke- My hip hurts when I move my chin, My belly button's caving in, My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained, My 'pendix pains each time it rains. My nose is cold, my toes are numb. I have a sliver in my thumb. My neck is stiff, my voice is weak, I hardly whisper when I speak. My tongue is filling up my mouth, I think my hair is falling out. My elbow's bent, my spine ain't straight, My temperature is one-o-eight. My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear, There is a hole inside my ear. I have a hangnail, and my heart is-what? What's that? What's that you say? You say today is...Saturday? G'bye, I'm going out to play! ' sick Shel Silverstein
I Wandered lonely as a cloud--William wordsworth I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o’er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not but be gay. In such a jocund company: I gazed---and gazed---but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.
Idioms • An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. • Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," • meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.