Poetry Terms “Poetry is thoughts that breathe, and words that burn.” ~Thomas Gray “Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words.” ~Robert Frost
Sound Devices • Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds at any place in a series of words • Doyou like blue? • We viewed the movie about mooing rookies at the school. • “Well he seemed so low that I couldn’t say no” –Robert Service (“The Cremation of Sam McGee, pg. 709)
Sound Devices cont. • Alliteration: The repetition of a sound at the beginning of a series of words • “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers…” • “Rain races, ripping like wind. Its restless rage rattles like rocks ripping through the air.” • A fly and a flea flew up in a flue. Said the fly to the flea, “What shall we do?” “Let’s fly,” said the flea. “Let’s flee,” said the fly. So they fluttered and flew up a flaw in the flue.
Sound Devices cont. • Consonance: The repetition of a consonant sound at any place in a series of words. • I dropped the locket in the thick mud. • Eric liked the black book • “And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.” –Edgar Allen Poe
Sound Device cont. • Onomatopoeia: The use of words whose sound makes one think of its meaning • Wham! Bonk! • Ding-dong • “Cuckoo” • Tick-tock • “snap, crackle, pop”
Figurative Language • Simile: A comparison of two nouns using the words like or as • “My love for you is like a red, red rose” • Metaphor: A comparison of two nouns saying that one thing is another • “All the world is a stage” • Idiom: An expression that is like a saying. When it’s translated literally, it makes no sense • “Easy as pie”
Figurative Language cont. • Hyperbole: Extreme exaggeration • The books weigh a ton. • I could sleep for a year. • I have a million things to do. • Personification: When a non-living object has been given qualities of a person • The wind whispered through the trees • The moon danced on the water • “Oreo: Milk’s favorite cookie.”
Figurative Language cont. • A Symbol: a person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well. • Examples: the American flag symbolizes freedom, liberty, and love for America. • A wedding band symbolizes_______. • A white flag symbolizes__________.
Figurative Language cont. • Prominent Symbols in Literature • The Four Seasons: • Spring: birth, rebirth, new beginnings, new life, etc. • Summer: the prime of life, youthful, energetic, growing • Fall: the decline, the approach of death, getting old • Winter: death, the end of life, something comes to an end • Day: life, goodness, knowledge, honesty, happiness, energy, purity, positive, light, understanding, clarity • Night: death, evil, darkness, mystery, bad, the end, scary, uninformed, unknown
Figurative Language cont. • Prominent Symbols in Literature cont. • The Cycle of Life: • Dawn: new beginning, birth, rebirth • Dusk: approach of the end, unknown • Paths/Roads: journey, life’s journey, choices, obstacles • Bridges: movement form one place to another symbolically • Water: gives and takes life, thought to be the source of first life, rebirth • Earth: mother, life giving, fertility Gardens: fertility, life giving • Rocks/Doors/Weather: obstacles, problems (could be good or bad)
Rhyme • End Rhyme: Rhyme that appears at the end of two or more lines of poetry • “I would not, could not, in a box. I could not, would not, with a fox. I will not eat them with a mouse. I will not eat them in a house. I will not eat them here or there. I will not eat them anywhere. I do not eat green eggs and ham. I do not like them, Sam-I-am.”
Rhyme • Internal Rhyme: The rhyming of words within one line of poetry • “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary…” Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping...”
Rhythm • Repetition: The repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to emphasize an idea • “And miles to go before I sleep,And miles to go before I sleep.” –Robert Frost, “Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening” • “The road was a ribbon of moonlight, over the purple moor, And the highwayman came riding- Riding-riding- The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn-door.” –Alfred Noyes, “The Highwayman”
Form • Stanza: A division in a poem named for the number of lines it contains, such as a couplet (2 lines), triplet (3 lines), quatrain (4 lines), and octave (8 lines) • This is as though the poem is broken up into “paragraphs” • “Gleaming in silver are the hills! Blazing in silver is the sea! And a silvery radiance spills Where the moon drives royally!” –James Stevens, “Washed in Silver”
Form cont. • Haiku: A three-line poem that originated from Japan, often about nature, with a syllable pattern of 5, 7, 5 • Verse: The name for a line of traditional poetry written in meter • A line of poetry