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GREAT LIMPOPO TRANSFRONTIER PARK (GLTP) AND CONSERVATION AREA (GLTFCA)

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GREAT LIMPOPO TRANSFRONTIER PARK (GLTP) AND CONSERVATION AREA (GLTFCA). PURPOSE OF TALK . To provide broad overview of salient ecological and socio-economic issues pertaining to the Great Limpopo Trans Frontier Conservation Area, and Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. GLTFCA. KEY ISSUES.

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Presentation Transcript
purpose of talk
PURPOSE OF TALK
  • To provide broad overview of salient ecological and socio-economic issues pertaining to the Great Limpopo Trans Frontier Conservation Area, and Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
key issues
KEY ISSUES
  • PROCESS
  • PEOPLE
  • WILDLIFE: Translocation, Fence, “Migration”
gltfca1
GLTFCA
  • INCLUDES GLTP, INTERSTITIAL AREAS in MOZ, BANHINE NATIONAL PARK, ZINAVE NATIONAL PARK,
  • As well as Kruger to Canyon Biosphere Reserve to west of KNP, Sengwe corridor in Zimbabwe
kruger national park
KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
  • 2 million ha
  • Highly developed infrastructure
  • Relatively Well Watered, WILDLIFE
  • Established Management Regime
  • Residents, live in Staff Villages
  • Makuleke Region: Contractual Park
limpopo national park moz
LIMPOPO NATIONAL PARK, MOZ
  • Nearly half of the area is sandveld covered by mopane, ironwood and broadleaf savanna.
  • Largely waterless in dry season, apart from Shingwedzi and Limpopo rivers
  • Very little wildlife currently occurs in the area.
  • No infrastructure
  • Some 27 000 people live in the Park
ghonarhezhou zimbabwe
GhonarheZhou, Zimbabwe
  • “Intermediate” stage of development
  • Current tensions
banhine national park
BANHINE NATIONAL PARK
  • SPECTACULAR WETLAND SYSTEM
  • 2000 PEOPLE, SYSTEM OF REGULATED LAND USE,
process
PROCESS
  • GLTP- Driven by ngo, donor, political leadership, steering committee
  • Peace Parks Foundation, German KfW
  • Ahead of “on-the-ground” process
process contd
PROCESS (contd)
  • People in LNP all but ignored initially
  • Eg LNP proclaimed, elephant release, fence “cutting” prior to engagement with communities
  • High level of Publicity,
  • Belated process of engagement
process contd1
PROCESS (contd)
  • “Sanctuary” established
  • PROGNOSIS:- approx 4-5 year process of engagement, negotiation around ‘voluntary’ resettlement
people lnp
PEOPLE, LNP
  • LNP- 27000 people resident
  • Maize, beans, livestock, woodland products, remittances, migratory labour
  • Shingwedzi key for people, tourism and wildlife
people contd
PEOPLE (contd)
  • Voluntary resettlement plan
  • Boundary refinement (zones)
people banhine np
PEOPLE, BANHINE NP
  • Villages in WOODLAND
  • Pans and Permanent Floodplain used for drought survival
  • Strictly Controlled Access, under traditional authority, mistaken for “terra nullius”
  • Sustainable now and next 10 years or so at reasonable projection, eg wood use within 2 km radius, fields rotated, sanctions on natural products, only 2000 people
wildlife
WILDLIFE
  • The Fences
  • KNP-LNP
  • KNP-Zimbabwe
  • KNP-west
  • LNP-Banhine-Zinave
wildlife contd
WILDLIFE (contd)
  • What Migration???
  • Relocation vs gradual colonisation
  • Water point- Policy 1
  • The “Sanctuary” in LNP
  • Banhine and Zinave:- negotiated introduction of non-dangerous animals
concluding remarks
CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • Addressing people’s needs
  • Sustainability: Unlikely that most components will be “profitable”.
  • OPTIONS: GEF, Endowment funding, debt for nature swaps, or what…