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H induism

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  1. Hinduism A Brief Introduction Visit www.worldofteaching.com For 100’s of free powerpoints

  2. Scriptures • Hundredsofscriptures Oldestscriptures:thefourVedas. Allscripturesdividedintotwobroadcategories:shrutiandsmriti. Mostpopularscripture:Bhagavad Gita.

  3. What“ism”is Hinduism? •Everythingfrom Atheismto Polytheism •Differentinterpretationsofthesamescripturesledtodifferencesinbelief •Sanatana DharmaEternal Philosophy

  4. Conceptof God •Nirguna Brahman= Godwithoutattributes •Saguna Brahman=Godwithattributes •Saguna Brahmancanbeworshippedinanyshapeorform…humanorotherwise

  5. Hindu Trinity •Brahma=the Creator •Vishnu=the Preserver •Shiva=the Destroyer •Threeaspects/powersofthesamedivinebeing

  6. Basic Beliefs •Karma= thelawofcauseandeffect;“youreapwhatyousow” •Reincarnation =eternalsoultraversesthroughdifferentbodiestillitfindsliberation

  7. Symbolismin Hinduism

  8. Holy Cow! • Hindushavealwayshadgreatrespectfor Mother Natureanditscreatures. • The cowisespeciallysignificantbecauseitsymbolizesgentleness.

  9. Four Goalsof Human Life 1. Kama=fulfillmentofdesires 2. Artha=accumulationofwealth 3. Dharma=performanceofsocialandreligiousduties 4. Moksha–freedomfromwant

  10. Four PathstoMoksha 1. Karma Yoga= Pathofrighteousaction 2. Bhakti Yoga= Pathofselflessdevotion 3. JnanaYoga= Pathofrationalinquiry 4. Raja Yoga= Pathofrenunciation

  11. Temple Worship • Templesprovideanatmosphereconduciveforspiritualprogress. • Centersofsocialandculturalactivities • Provideaplaceforcollectiveworshipandprayers.

  12. Six Philosophical Schools 1. Sankhya= Sage Kapila 2. Yoga = Sage Patanjali 3. Mimamsa= SageJaimini 4. Vedanta= Sage Vyasa 5. Nyaya= Sage Gautama 6. Vaisheshika= Sage Kanada

  13. Historyof Hinduism •Originatedbetween 4000 and 2000 BCE •Nosinglefounder •Vedas:theoldestscripturesof Hinduism •Vedameans“toknow” •Rig, Yajur, Sama,and Atharva Veda •Upanishadsexplainthephilosophicalideasinstoryanddialogueform

  14. Veda Vyasa •1500 BC • classifiedthe Vedasintothefourtraditionalcollections • composedthe 18 Puranas • composedhisgreatpoeticwork,theMahabharata,inaperiodoftwoandahalfyears

  15. Sankara •Advaithaphilosophy • 7thcentury AD • traveledallover Indiahavingpublicdebateswithotherphilosophers • truehappinesscanbeattainedbyremoving avidya(ignorance)andmaya(selfdeception)

  16. Ramanuja •10th Century AD • Vishistadvaitha • wantedeverybodyirrespectiveofsocialstandingtoenjoytheeternalblissof Lord Narayana • Bhakti= completesurrendertothe Lord

  17. Madhva •Dwaithaphilosophy • 12th Century AD • theworldisnotanillusion. • solitarystudyofthescriptures,performingone’sdutywithoutself - interest • practicalactsofdevotion

  18. Vivekananda •First Hinduleadertovisit America •Famousaddressatthe World Parliamentof Religionsin Chicagoon September11, 1893 •Spentthreeyearspreachingthe Vedantaphilosophyin Americaand England •Foundedthe Ramakrishna Mission

  19. Contemporary Hindu Leadersin America • David Frawley • Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami • Mahesh Yogi • Satchidananda • Mata Amritanandamayi

  20. Festivals •Hinduismisacelebratoryreligion •Themotive: Festivalskeepuscloseto Gods, invigorateourhouseholdandrenewour personallife. •Festivalssignifyvictoryofgoodoverevil. Everymonthof Hinducalendarhasatleast onesignificantfestival. Eachfestivalhas regional significancealso. • Celebrationofdiversity.

  21. April/May • Yugaadi/Ugaadi: • The first day of the year according to • the National Calendar of India.  • The day falls in the beginning of spring • • Vasanta Ritu – When the Goddess of • Nature gets bedecked as a divine • bride.

  22. Sri Ramanavami Mahavir Jayanti Buddha Jayanti Birthday of Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, and his coronation as a king. Birthday of Buddha, the founder of Buddhism Birthday of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism

  23. May/June Guru Purnima • Guru: One’s teacher. The day • commemorates the birthday of • Veda Vyasa. • Time to remember and felicitate • one’s teachers. • Lord Muruga • Worshipped mostly in • South India

  24. July/August Raksha Bandhan Krishnashtami Symbolizes the love between brother and sister. Birthday of Lord Krishna, favorite lovable God of many :)

  25. August/September Ganesh Chaturthi Durga Pooja/Navaratri Birthday of the elephant God, Ganesha A nine day celebration signifying the victory of Mother Durga over the evil demon King Mahishasura.

  26. October/November Mother Lakshmi Deepavali: The festival of lights • Mother Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped • on this day. • Beginning of the Hindu financial year.

  27. December/January Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti Sankranti/Pongal Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, one of the Sikh Gurus Celebration of the harvest festival

  28. February/March Holi Mahashivaratri Holi, the festival of colors commemorating the victory of Lord Krishna over the demonHolika Birthday of Lord Shiva