H induism. A B rief I ntroduction. Visit www.worldofteaching.com For 100’s of free powerpoints. S criptures. H undreds of scriptures Oldest scriptures: the four V edas. All scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti. M ost popular scripture: B hagavad G ita.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Hinduism A Brief Introduction Visit www.worldofteaching.com For 100’s of free powerpoints
Scriptures • Hundredsofscriptures Oldestscriptures:thefourVedas. Allscripturesdividedintotwobroadcategories:shrutiandsmriti. Mostpopularscripture:Bhagavad Gita.
What“ism”is Hinduism? •Everythingfrom Atheismto Polytheism •Differentinterpretationsofthesamescripturesledtodifferencesinbelief •Sanatana DharmaEternal Philosophy
Conceptof God •Nirguna Brahman= Godwithoutattributes •Saguna Brahman=Godwithattributes •Saguna Brahmancanbeworshippedinanyshapeorform…humanorotherwise
Hindu Trinity •Brahma=the Creator •Vishnu=the Preserver •Shiva=the Destroyer •Threeaspects/powersofthesamedivinebeing
Basic Beliefs •Karma= thelawofcauseandeffect;“youreapwhatyousow” •Reincarnation =eternalsoultraversesthroughdifferentbodiestillitfindsliberation
Holy Cow! • Hindushavealwayshadgreatrespectfor Mother Natureanditscreatures. • The cowisespeciallysignificantbecauseitsymbolizesgentleness.
Four Goalsof Human Life 1. Kama=fulfillmentofdesires 2. Artha=accumulationofwealth 3. Dharma=performanceofsocialandreligiousduties 4. Moksha–freedomfromwant
Four PathstoMoksha 1. Karma Yoga= Pathofrighteousaction 2. Bhakti Yoga= Pathofselflessdevotion 3. JnanaYoga= Pathofrationalinquiry 4. Raja Yoga= Pathofrenunciation
Temple Worship • Templesprovideanatmosphereconduciveforspiritualprogress. • Centersofsocialandculturalactivities • Provideaplaceforcollectiveworshipandprayers.
Six Philosophical Schools 1. Sankhya= Sage Kapila 2. Yoga = Sage Patanjali 3. Mimamsa= SageJaimini 4. Vedanta= Sage Vyasa 5. Nyaya= Sage Gautama 6. Vaisheshika= Sage Kanada
Historyof Hinduism •Originatedbetween 4000 and 2000 BCE •Nosinglefounder •Vedas:theoldestscripturesof Hinduism •Vedameans“toknow” •Rig, Yajur, Sama,and Atharva Veda •Upanishadsexplainthephilosophicalideasinstoryanddialogueform
Veda Vyasa •1500 BC • classifiedthe Vedasintothefourtraditionalcollections • composedthe 18 Puranas • composedhisgreatpoeticwork,theMahabharata,inaperiodoftwoandahalfyears
Sankara •Advaithaphilosophy • 7thcentury AD • traveledallover Indiahavingpublicdebateswithotherphilosophers • truehappinesscanbeattainedbyremoving avidya(ignorance)andmaya(selfdeception)
Ramanuja •10th Century AD • Vishistadvaitha • wantedeverybodyirrespectiveofsocialstandingtoenjoytheeternalblissof Lord Narayana • Bhakti= completesurrendertothe Lord
Madhva •Dwaithaphilosophy • 12th Century AD • theworldisnotanillusion. • solitarystudyofthescriptures,performingone’sdutywithoutself - interest • practicalactsofdevotion
Vivekananda •First Hinduleadertovisit America •Famousaddressatthe World Parliamentof Religionsin Chicagoon September11, 1893 •Spentthreeyearspreachingthe Vedantaphilosophyin Americaand England •Foundedthe Ramakrishna Mission
Contemporary Hindu Leadersin America • David Frawley • Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami • Mahesh Yogi • Satchidananda • Mata Amritanandamayi
Festivals •Hinduismisacelebratoryreligion •Themotive: Festivalskeepuscloseto Gods, invigorateourhouseholdandrenewour personallife. •Festivalssignifyvictoryofgoodoverevil. Everymonthof Hinducalendarhasatleast onesignificantfestival. Eachfestivalhas regional significancealso. • Celebrationofdiversity.
April/May • Yugaadi/Ugaadi: • The first day of the year according to • the National Calendar of India. • The day falls in the beginning of spring • • Vasanta Ritu – When the Goddess of • Nature gets bedecked as a divine • bride.
Sri Ramanavami Mahavir Jayanti Buddha Jayanti Birthday of Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, and his coronation as a king. Birthday of Buddha, the founder of Buddhism Birthday of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism
May/June Guru Purnima • Guru: One’s teacher. The day • commemorates the birthday of • Veda Vyasa. • Time to remember and felicitate • one’s teachers. • Lord Muruga • Worshipped mostly in • South India
July/August Raksha Bandhan Krishnashtami Symbolizes the love between brother and sister. Birthday of Lord Krishna, favorite lovable God of many :)
August/September Ganesh Chaturthi Durga Pooja/Navaratri Birthday of the elephant God, Ganesha A nine day celebration signifying the victory of Mother Durga over the evil demon King Mahishasura.
October/November Mother Lakshmi Deepavali: The festival of lights • Mother Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped • on this day. • Beginning of the Hindu financial year.
December/January Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti Sankranti/Pongal Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, one of the Sikh Gurus Celebration of the harvest festival
February/March Holi Mahashivaratri Holi, the festival of colors commemorating the victory of Lord Krishna over the demonHolika Birthday of Lord Shiva