Rabies: What We need to know!. Developed for Public Information by Tibet Charity Animal Care Center.
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Rabies: What We needto know! Developed for Public Information by Tibet Charity Animal Care Center Temple Road, P.O. McLeod Ganj-176219 Dharamsala, Distt. Kangra ( H.P) India
What is Rabies? • Rabies is a dangerous disease caused by a virus • If untreated it could lead to death.
How great is the risk to Humans? • In India 1 person dies every 30 minutes • due to rabies • Around 20,000 deaths in a year are caused • by rabies in India • Around 7 million people in India are bitten by • rabid animals every year
Any mammal can get rabies • Wild mammals: foxes, monkeys, bats • Dogs, cats, cattle • Humans
How do you get rabies? • People and animals get rabies if they are bitten or scratched by an animal that already has rabies • Rabies is carried in the saliva of an animal with rabies • It could be transmitted when saliva from a rabid animal comes in contact with an open cut, the eyes, nose or mouth of a person or animal • Blood, feces and urine do not carry the virus.
How does rabies make you sick? • Once inside the body, the virus travels along the nerves to the spinal cord and brain
If a person or animal starts showing external symptom of rabies, they will almost always die from it
How do you tell if an animal has rabies? • Some animals may show • fearfulness or aggression • have problems walking • excessive drooling of saliva • difficulty in swallowing • hanging of lower jaw • biting unusual objects BUT………………………………………
….it’s important to remember that you can’t tell if an animal has rabies just by the way it’s acting • Animals that appear healthy may have rabies
Early Symptoms of Rabies in Human • Early symptoms of rabies in humans include nonspecific flu-like signs such as: Fever Headache Sore throat and feeling tired. • These symptoms may last for days.
More serious symptoms of Rabies in Humans • As the virus gets to the brain, the person may act nervous, confused, and upset. • Other symptoms of rabies in humans include: Pain or tingling at the site of the bite Hallucinations (for example, seeing things that are not really there) Hydrophobia ("fear of water" due to spasms in the throat) Paralysis (unable to move parts of the body)
More serious symptoms of Rabies in Humans • The acute period of disease typically ends after 2 to 10 days • As the disease advances, the person enters into a coma and dies
The best way to prevent rabies is to make sure you and your pets are vaccinated against rabies!!
How else can rabies be prevented? • Vaccinate your pets • Don’t let your pets stray far too away from your view • Stay away from stray animals • Don’t let garbage accumulate around your house • Prevent nesting of bats around your house
What should you do if you are bitten or scratched by a rabid animal? • Tell an adult immediately if you are a child • Wash the wound vigorously with soap and water for at least 5 minutes • Don’t suture the wound • Go to a hospital right away • Don’t just trust superstitious practices or home remedies
Note: It is always safer to go to a hospital if you are bitten by an animal as the doctors could treat you for other illnesses that are likely to be caused by an animal bites – if not rabies.
What you Should Know about Rabies Vaccination • Pre Exposure Vaccination 0 day 7th day and 21st/28th day If you are bitten after you have received pre-bite vaccinations you only require two vaccinations after the bite: On the day of the bite and on the 3rd day of the bite • You don’t require expensive Human Immune Globulin
What you Should Know about Rabies Vaccination • Post Exposure Vaccination: • You must immediately receive Human Immune Globulin. • Then you require five vaccinations thereafter: • 1st day of the bite 3rd day of the bite, 7th day of the bite 14th day of the bite 30th day of the bite
I M P O R T A N T Pre-bite vaccination not only saves money but it also saves life
Rabies Quiz ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
True or False? • Rabies is caused by a virus
True or False? • Rabies is caused by a virus TRUE!
True or False? • A bite from a snake can give you rabies
True or False? • A bite from a snake can give you rabies FALSE
True or False • The rabies virus affects the brain and spinal cord
True or False • The rabies virus affects the brain and spinal cord TRUE!
True or False? • If you are bitten by an animal, you should clean the wound right away
True or False? • If you are bitten by an animal, you should clean the wound right away TRUE!
True or False? • People can get rabies from the saliva of an animal with rabies
True or False? • People can get rabies from the saliva of an animal with rabies TRUE!
True or False? • You can always tell, just by looking, if an animal has rabies
True or False? • You can always tell, just by looking, if an animal has rabies FALSE