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Developmental Influences. Freud believes that early childhood influences determined the adult personality. Parental behaviour is crucial to normal development Personality and mental health problems in adulthood can usually be traced back to the first five years. www.psychlotron.org.uk.

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developmental influences
Developmental Influences
  • Freud believes that early childhood influences determined the adult personality.
    • Parental behaviour is crucial to normal development
    • Personality and mental health problems in adulthood can usually be traced back to the first five years.

www.psychlotron.org.uk

psychosexual development
Psychosexual Development
  • People – including children – are basically hedonistic – they are driven to seek pleasure by gratifying the Id’s desires.
  • Sources of pleasure are determined by the location of the libido (life-force).
  • As a child moves through different developmental stages, location of libido and hence sources of pleasure change.

www.psychlotron.org.uk

psychosexual stages
Psychosexual Stages

Oral

The mouth – sucking, swallowing etc.

EGO develops

Anal

The anus – withholding or expelling faeces

Phallic

The penis or clitoris - masturbation

SUPEREGO develops

Latent

Little or no sexual motivation present

www.psychlotron.org.uk

Genital

The penis or vagina – sexual intercourse

fixation
Fixation

Forceful feeding

Deprivation

Early weaning

Oral activities (e.g. smoking), dependency, aggression.

Oral

Toilet training:

Too harsh

Too lax

Obsessiveness, tidiness, mean-ness; untidiness, generosity

Anal

Abnormal family set-up leading to unusual relationship with mother/father

Vanity, self-obsession, sexual anxiety , inadequacy, inferiority, envy

Phallic

www.psychlotron.org.uk

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