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  1. SOS: Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Save Our Streams by Kathy Woodard www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla/Stream-Study/StreamStudyHomePage/StreamStudy.HTML

  2. What is Save Our Streams? Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education A Biological Stream Monitoring Program • Student and community member volunteers: • Get trained in macroinvertebrate identification • Monitor a stream 4 times a year • Send results to the SOS database

  3. Why Save Our Streams? Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education • Learn more about stream ecology • Discover how clean your stream is • Share your data with others • Take action to keep your watershed clean

  4. SOS and SOLs Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education You can teach many Virginia SOLs through the SOS program: • Kindergarten: K.1, K.6 • 1st grade: 1.1, 1.5, 1.7, 1.8 • 2nd grade: 2.1, 2.4, 2.5 • 3rd grade: 3.1, 3.6, 3.9, 3.10 • 4th grade: 4.1, 4.5, 4.8 • 5th grade: 5.1 • 6th grade: 6.1, 6.8, 6.9, 6.11 • Life Science: LS1, LS4, LS5, LS7, LS10, LS11, LS12 • Earth Science: ES1, ES7, ES9 • Biology: BIO1, BIO3, BIO7, BIO9 For details on the SOLs listed above visit http://www.pen.k12.va.us/go/Sols/science.html.

  5. Steps to Get Started Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education 1. Choose training or a certified monitor 2. Locate a Stream Site 3. Review Safety Procedures 4. Collect Macroinvertebrates 5. Identify Macroinvertebrates 6. Record Data to Determine Stream Health You Are Ready to Save Our Streams

  6. 1. Choose: Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education or a Training Certified Monitor Set up a 3-4 hour training session. In Virginia contact Carol Harlow of SOS at: 540-377-6179, or creeks63@hotmail.com. LEEP has volunteers who are already certified. Contact Kathy Woodard at: 540-872-2897, or woodard_kathy@hotmail.com Or visit www.sosva.com and choose “Methods”

  7. 2. Locate a Stream Site Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education • Find a stream in your area using maps. Visit mapquest.com, or call Va. Dept. of Mineral Resources 804-951-6340 to order $4 topographic maps. • Ask the landowner for permission. Your county office will have maps that show who owns the land.

  8. 3. Review Safety Procedures Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education • Bring a first aid kit • One adult for every six children under 18 • Work only in good weather • Do not work on steep slopes or rapids • Never drink stream water • Do not handle sharp objects or broken glass • Stay with the group & wash hands when done • Never put hands or feet where you cannot see • Watch out for snakes and other wildlife • Modified from Conducting a Stream Cleanup – A How To Manual, VA DCR

  9. 4. Collect Macroinvertebrates Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Gather water insects and crustaceans with nets or sieves. Rub rocks to remove bugs. Keep in containers filled with water, so you can return them to the stream later.

  10. 5. Identify Macroinvertebrates Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Which bug is this? Click on your answer: • You may want to practice with the online identification key available at www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla/Stream-Study • Print a field guide from www.sosva.com/bugidcard.doc to use at the stream. Scientific drawings from www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla

  11. Mayfly Larva Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Try Again No, sorry! Mayfly Larva are very sensitive to pollution. That means if you had found one you would know your water quality was excellent, because they can only survive in clean water.

  12. Dragonfly Larva Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Continue Yes, great observation! Dragonfly Larva are somewhat sensitive to pollution. They can survive in clean, or moderately polluted water. At least you know your water is not very polluted. To see if it is clean or moderately polluted you would need to identify the other macroinvertebrates you found.

  13. Leech Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education Try Again No, sorry! Leeches are not sensitive to pollution. They can survive in clean, moderately polluted, or very polluted water. So you would have to see what other macroinvertebrates you found to determine your water quality.

  14. 6. Record Data to Determine Stream Health Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education 6 4 1 State of the York Watershed 2000 Data forms available at www.sosva.com/methods.htm or http://www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla/Stream-Study/Methods/Form.HTML 11

  15. You Are Ready to Save Our Streams! Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education

  16. Works Cited Lessons from the Bay Virginia Department of Education • Mills, B. & S. State of the York Watershed 2000. • VA DCR. Conducting a Stream Cleanup – A How To Manual. • www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla /Stream-Study • www.mapquest.com • www.sosva.com • www.pen.k12.va.us/go/Sols/science.html