to build a fire l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
To Build A Fire PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
To Build A Fire

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

To Build A Fire - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

To Build A Fire. By: Jack London. Presentation By: Oscar Lara Kim Phan. Jack London.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'To Build A Fire' - marv

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
to build a fire

To Build A Fire

By: Jack London

Presentation By:

Oscar Lara

Kim Phan

jack london
Jack London

John (Jack) Griffith London(1876-1916) was born in San Francisco of an unmarried mother, Flora Wellman. As an adolescent he worked at hard labor jobs, pirated for oysters, served as a fish patrol, and joined the army. In the winter of 1987, Jack London traveled in the Yukon; his adventures were the ideologies behind many of his stories. London often tied the proposal of Social Darwinism into his writings. Jack London was an influential naturalistic writer of his time and became the first to use his endorsement for commercial products in advertising.


Jack London’s To Build A Fire symbolizes an onion; the external theme he illustrates is the Man’s struggle to meet up with his friends . Once you peel the outer layers off, you realize that he intertwines the deeper meaning of ignorance, survival, and knowledge. The Man’s instincts and senses allow him to understand that the weather is a definite drawback, but ignorance and stubbornness triumphs. He goes into this adventure without knowledge of the dangers that can occur- he did not realize what he was getting himself into. His eagerness traps him into a ball of risks and threatens his life. After sometime he becomes dependent on survival; he realizes that his life is valuable and the only way out of death is by building a fire for warmth. When your life is on the line your companion and desires are no longer vital.

tone and attitude
Tone and Attitude

In To Build A Fire, Jack London displays an indifferent, yet melancholy tone. The speaker operates as a third person and an outside observer; he tells the story as it is and encompasses no concerns for the Man. But at the same time he portrays a gloomy tone when referring to the dog and dangers that jeopardizes the Man’s survival; the speaker suddenly feels empathy for the main character. Although the main character experiences many difficulties the author avoids an emotional attitude, towards the main character, and creates an informative short story.


In To Build A Fire, Jack London’s purpose was write and inform the reader about his experiences in the Yukon. He wants to highlight the dangers of traveling and that ignorance is not an exception; you should understand what you are about to face. Your existence is essential, and the struggle to survive is difficult; by emphasizing survival he weaves Darwin’s theory into his writing.

“Social Darwinism, term coined in the late 19th century to describe the idea that humans, like animals and plants, compete in a struggle for existence in which natural selection results in “survival of the fittest.”” “[But most propose arguments that justify] imbalances of power between individuals, races, and nations because they consider some people more fit to survive than others. “

audience and occasion
Audience and Occasion
  • The may have been aimed to people moving west, that are trying to take over nature for economic gains
  • The ignorance of these people to think that they can go out and destroy nature with no setbacks

“He pictured the boys finding his body the next day…He did not belong with himself anymore, for even then he was out of himself…”

evidence and data
Evidence and Data
  • “He remembered the advice of the old-timer on Sulphur Creek, and smiled. The old-timer had been very serious in laying down the law that no man must travel alone in the Klondike after fifty below. Well, here he was; he had had the accident; he was alone; and he had saved himself.”

This quote shows how ignorant the man was to believe that he could beat nature. Yes, he had survived a long time but how he didn’t realize that he still had a long way to go and his plans could be ruined due to the weather. The man’s persistence against nature shows how his will and self determination drives him to put up a fight against the external conflict in the story.

  • “Such fact impressed him as being cold and uncomfortable, and that was all. It did not lead him to meditate upon his frailty as a creature of temperature, and upon man's frailty in general, able only to live within certain narrow limits of heat and cold; and from there on it did not lead him to the conjectural field of immortality and man's place in the universe “

It shows the greatness of the human mind to block off anything when a ultimate goal is desired. In this case, the man wants to get to the camp and does not pay much attention to the weather and talks himself into believing that it’s not too cold.

  • Logos: The man should have thought about the extremity of the weather and how it would be safer to travel with a partner. The harsh conditions could seriously affect his health.

“Fifty degrees below zero stood for a bite of frost that hurt..”

  • Ethos: The character should have taken the advice from the elder from Sulphur Creek. He knew more about the weather and has more wisdom than the man. The elder knew how stubborn he was to travel and even suggests him to take a partner, which the man turns down.

“He remembered the advice from the old-timer… had been very serious in laying down the law that no man must travel alone..”

  • Pathos: The man has strong emotional strings to crossing Klondike to get to the camp with the other boys. That’s what keeps him to keep trying to survive even when he loses control of his hands.

The author may assume…

  • Nature dominates over man
  • Man can be too stubborn and soon cause their own dismay
  • It is best to go for what is safe than to follow undergo such an extreme expedition

“…It was for its own sake that it yearned back toward the fire.”


Omniscient narrator sets up for the reader to not know much about the character, which causes the reader to only see him as stubborn and ignorant

Sensory details: “..tremendous cold..”, “..frozen moisture..”,set up the scene to which the character must face his death

Syntax: Long paragraphs and sentences that deeply depict the man’s attitude and feelings, as well as the scenery

“Empty as the man's mind was of thoughts, we was keenly observant…"

works cited
Works Cited
  • Mood, Fulmer. "Skeletons in Closet Rattle a Trio." 15 Mar 2007 <>.
  • Stasz, Clarice. "Jack [John Griffith] London." Jack London: Biography. 15 Mar 2007 <>.
  • "To Build A Fire."Prentice Hall Literature. California Edition. 2002.