SERVSAFE/Chapter 4. The Safe Foodhandler. Foodhandlers can contaminate food in any of the following situations :. When they have a foodborne illness When they have wounds that contain a pathogen When they have contact with a person who is ill
SERVSAFE/Chapter 4 The Safe Foodhandler
Foodhandlers can contaminate food in any of the following situations: • When they have a foodborne illness • When they have wounds that contain a pathogen • When they have contact with a person who is ill • When they touch anything that may contaminate their hands and then don’t wash them • When they have symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, or jaundice – a yellowing of the eyes or skin
ACTIONS that contaminate food… • Scratching the scalp • Running fingers through the hair • Wiping or touching the nose • Rubbing an ear • Touching a pimple or an infected wound • Wearing a dirty uniform • Coughing or sneezing into the hand • Spitting in the operation
Good Personal Hygiene Program should include: • Hand practices (handwashing, hand care, glove use, bare-hand contact with ready-to-eat food) • Personal cleanliness • Clothing – including hair restraints and jewelry
HANDWASHINGis… the most important part of personal hygiene!
Steps to Washing Hands PROPERLY… • Wet hands and arms (Use running water as hot as you can stand…it should be at least 100 degrees F.) • Apply soap (build up a good lather) • Scrub hands and arms vigorously (scrub them for 10-15 seconds; clean under fingernails and between fingers) • Rinse hands and arms thoroughly • Dry hands and arms (use a single-use paper towel or a hand dryer)
Always wash hands after… • Using the restroom • Handling raw meat, poultry, and seafood • Touching the hair, face, or body • Sneezing, coughing, or using a tissue • Eating, drinking, smoking, or chewing gum or tobacco • Handling chemicals that might affect food safety • Taking out garbage
Always wash hands after… • Clearing tables or busing dirty dishes • Touching clothing or aprons • Handling money • Touching anything else that may contaminate hands, such as dirty equipment, work surfaces, or towels.
Hand Care • Keep fingernails short and clean • Do NOT wear false fingernails • Do NOT wear nail polish • Wear a bandage over wounds on hands and arms. • You must wear a single-use glove or finger cot (a finger cover) over bandages on hands or fingers
GLOVE USE • Buy only single-use gloves for handling food • Never wash and reuse gloves
Foodhandlers must change gloves at all of these times… • As soon as they become soiled or torn • Before beginning a different task • At least every four hours during continual use, and more often if necessary • After handling raw meat, seafood, or poultry and before handling ready-to-eat food
WORK ATTIRE • Wear a clean hat or other hair restraint • Foodhandlers with facial hair should also wear a beard restraint • Wear clean clothing daily • Remove aprons when leaving prep areas • Remove jewelry from hands and arms before prepping food or when working around prep areas • You cannot wear rings (except for a plain band), bracelets (including medical bracelets), watches