An Age of Empires: Han China 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Unit 2-3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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An Age of Empires: Han China 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Unit 2-3

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An Age of Empires: Han China 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Unit 2-3
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An Age of Empires: Han China 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Unit 2-3

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  1. An Age of Empires: Han China 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E.Unit 2-3

  2. The Origins of Imperial China221 B.C.E.-220 C.E. • The Warring States Period • Qin and Han • Began imperial China

  3. Resources and Population • Agriculture • Funded government • People were a main asset • Public projects • Military service • Peasants • What did the Han do to solve food shortage?

  4. Hierarchy, Obedience, and Belief • Basic unit was the _____. • Veneration of ancestors • Confucius • Interdependent unit v. individual • Education and self improvement

  5. Women • Impropriety of women in public life • Life of married women

  6. Forces of nature • Like the Romans • Sacrifice • Feng shui

  7. The First Chinese Empire 221-207 B.C.E. • Qin • Qin Shi Huangdi and Li Si • Totalitarianism, censorship, Legalism • Elimination of rival authority • Aristocracy • Primogeniture • Slavery • Free peasantry provided: taxes, labor, military service • Uniform system

  8. The Long Reign of the Han, 206 B.C.E.- 220 B.E. • Liu Bang restores the venerable past. • Confucianism benevolence • Wu • Military expansion: • Walls of Chang’an • “Mandate of Heaven” • Delegated Power • (Like Rome)

  9. The alliance with the “gentry” • Like the Roman _______ • Intellectually capable • Transformation • Daoism takes root • A common belief

  10. Technology and Trade • More advanced than Rome • Steel v. iron • Cast iron tools, cavalry, crossbow, running water, non-restricting horse collar, first paper • Silk monopoly • Why were the Chinese more advanced than the Europeans?

  11. Decline of the Han Empire • Border security problems • Nomads depended on horses • A love hate relationship • Nomads needed ______ • Farmers needed ______ • How did the Chinese solve this problem?

  12. More problems • Independent strongmen refused to pay taxes • Foreign soldiers • Breakdown in military conscription • Not loyal (like Rome)

  13. Imperial Parallels • Family • All powerful patriarch • Agriculture • Fundamental basis of economy • Dependent on free peasantry • Military service • Land conflicts • Autocratic rulers allied with small farmers

  14. Spread from a homogeneous core • Expansion of population • Autonomy to local officials • Emergence of middle class • Network of cities served as the center of each empire • Rome • Chang’an

  15. Defending borders • Losing loyalty of the people

  16. Differences • Family • Chinese were stronger • Social conduct • No standard in Rome • The individual • Take a wild guess • Greater economic mobility in Rome • Divine leadership

  17. Beliefs • Christianity prevailed over tradition • Buddhism reconciled old Chinese beliefs