ASSESSING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ALIGNMENT Herb Heneman & Tony Milanowski University of Wisconsin-Madison
Session Overview • Strategic Human Resource Management (HRM) • Performance Competencies • Alignment Assessment Process Overview • Alignment Assessment Exercise
Strategic HRM View • In the private & public sectors, HRM has been under pressure to contribute to organizational performance • Improving transactional efficiency • Reducing costs of HR processes • Outsourcing HR functions • Developing more supportive relationships with line managers • Developing HRM practices that impact performance
Performance Impact of HRM Practices District Goals & Strategy Performance Competencies HRM Practices Acquire Develop Motivate Retain
Performance Competencies • The leverage point for the impact of HRM practices on organizational performance • What is a competency? • A statement of a knowledge, ability, or behavior that contributes to effectiveness • Examples for Teachers: • Knows students • Establishes a classroom culture for learning • Uses discussion techniques that engage students • Communicates with families
Teacher Performance Competency Model • Identifies domain of desired teacher performance competencies • Example: Framework for Teaching • See handout
HR Practices for Teachers • Recruitment • Selection • Induction • Mentoring • Professional Development • Performance Management • Compensation
Horizontal & Vertical Alignment • Vertical Alignment: the degree to which the content of an HRM practice focuses on, embeds, and communicates the desired performance competencies • Example: Is the degree to which job applicants possess the competencies assessed in the teacher selection (hiring) process? • Horizontal Alignment: the degree to which HRM practices are mutually supportive and reinforcing • Example: Do professional development programs provide opportunities to develop the competencies assessed in the performance evaluation system?
Human Resource Alignment Assessment • A systematic process for determining the degree of alignment of HRM practices with performance competencies • We will focus on vertical alignment of HRM practices for teachers HRM Practice Content < - - > Teacher Competencies HR Alignment Scores
HRA Assessment Exercise • Your teacher performance competency model • HRA assessment for HR practice areas • HRA scores • Discussion of process & results
Discussion • Scores from districts • Insights about HR practices • Difficulties encountered
Readiness for HRA Assessment • Will district stakeholders support redesigning the HRM system to impact performance? • Do you have a competency model? • Are you willing to examine HRA & make changes? • Do you have staff with the ability & motivation to do the assessment, then design & implement changes?