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TECHNOLOGY AS A PACKAGE FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: Agriculture: in the state sector. Dr. C. Kudagamage Director General of Agriculture Department of Agriculture. Over View of the presentation. Present status of Agriculture in Sri Lanka State involvement in Agriculture

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technology as a package for effective technology transfer agriculture in the state sector


Dr. C. Kudagamage

Director General of Agriculture

Department of Agriculture

over view of the presentation
Over View of the presentation
  • Present status of Agriculture in Sri Lanka
  • State involvement in Agriculture
  • Technology generation in Agriculture
  • Technology transfer- methods adapted
  • Success stories on technology transfer systems.
  • New extension model for effective and efficient technology transfer.
reduction of agriculture share 1950 2007
Reduction of Agriculture Share (1950 - 2007)




GDP Share

  • Share of agriculture sector
  • significantly declined in the economy
  • Slow growth of total agriculture
  • output resulted for this reduction

*Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no - 01

Food Imports – 2007More concentration on few agricultural importsPotential to purchase lower food imports

*Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no - 78


Exports of Agriculture ProductsSharp reduction of Agriculture exports shareHigh dependency on plantation cropsNeed to diversify products and markets

Recent Trends

Historical Trend


Labour Force in Agriculture Sector* During last decade, labour force in the agriculture sector remain more or less constant.* Significant increase can be seen in labour force participated in services and industrial sectors.

Labour Force Participation ‘000

*Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no - 57

**Data excluded both Northern and Eastern provinces

vision of agriculture sector
Vision of Agriculture Sector

Sector contributing to regionally equitable economic growth, rural livelihoodimprovement and food security through efficient production of commodities for consumption, for agro based industries and for exporting competitively to the word market.

government ministries connected with technology generation dissemination
Government Ministries connected with Technology Generation & Dissemination
  • Ministry of Agriculture Development & agrarian Services
  • Ministry of Plantation Industries
  • Ministry of Supplementary Plantation Crops Development
  • Ministry of Livestock development
  • Ministry of Fisheries and aquatic resources
  • Ministry of Science & Technology
  • Ministry of Enterprise development and investment promotion
  • Ministry of Industrial Development
  • Ministry of Rural industries and self employment
  • Ministry of mass media & information
  • Ministry of Export development &investment promotion
  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Irrigation
  • Ministry of Coconut Development
establishment of major research institutes
Establishment of Major Research Institutes
  • Rubber research institute - 1910
  • Tea research institute - 1925
  • Coconut research institute - 1928
  • Sugarcane research institute - 1984
  • Rice research & development institute - 1994
  • Horticulture research & development institute - 1994
  • Field crop research & development institute - 1994
  • Fruit crop research & development centre - 2001
  • Veterinary research institute – 1967


DOA (1912), DEA (1972), Botanical Gardens (2005)


Mandated crops of DOA

  • Rice
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Root and Tuber (Sweet potato, manioc…)
  • Coarse grains (Maize, Kurakkan…)
  • Grain legumes (Green gram, Black gram…)
  • Oil seeds (Ground nut, Sesame…)
  • Condiments (Chilli, Onion… )
  • Flowers and Ornamentals

Agriculture Department Involvement in Technology Generation

Major Areas concerned

  • Introducing New crop varieties and cultivars
  • Technology for planting matter production
  • Hi tech agriculture- Micro irrigation, Protected houses
  • 4. Introducing Agriculture machineries
  • 5. Technology for post harvest & value addition of agriculture commodities
  • 6. Technology for pest and disease management
  • 7. Technology for integrated plant nutrient management
  • 8. Introducing agro technology packages
different methods adapted in technology transfer
Different Methods Adaptedin Technology Transfer
  • Print media – books, news paper supplements, news letters, hand outs, posters, brochures
  • Electronic media
  • Agro technology parks
  • Use of information technology- Cyber extension, DOA website, Interactive CD Roms ,
  • Toll free service –(1920)
  • Field days- Extension research dialogs
  • Information days, Exhibitions
print media
Print Media
  • Publications
    • Advisory books, booklets, posters, leaflets, journals,…
  • Newspaper Supplements

1. Diwaina

2. Lankadeepa

3. Dinamina

4. Lakbima

5. Thinakaran


Television Programmes

  • Mihikatha Dinuwo(Rupavahini

Friday 6.45 p.m

  • Govibimata Arunalu(Rupavahini)

Sunday 6.00 p.m

  • Rividina Arunalla (Rupawahini)

Sunday 7.30 a.m

radio programmes
Radio Programmes

Radio Services

1. Swadeshiya sevaya2. Welanda sewaya

3. Lakhanda

4. Tamil Radio Service

5. Kandurata sevaya

6. Kotmale sevaya

7. Rajarata sevaya

8. Rangiri FM

9. Ruhunu sevaya

About 350 no of programs/month

techno park gannoruwa
Techno park - Gannoruwa

The total no of visitors in year 2007


To train farmers
  • Self learning electronic book
  • Distance learning for 9000 (ARPAs)
toll free advisory service



Toll Free advisory service

Answers for your Agro related issues



  • Any phone
  • Any location
  • From 8 am to 4 pm
  • First 3 minutes free

“Govi Sahana Sarana”

Toll free Advisory service

AVC- Dept. of Agriculture Peradeniya

effective technology transfer success stories
Effective Technology TransferSuccess Stories
  • Technology Packages Designed for Crop production systems

eg. 1. Saruketha yaya program – for Paddy

Average yield of paddy in Sri Lanka- 4.5mt/ha

Yield under saruketha yaya – 6.5 mt/ha

2. Technology package for maize

With hybrid seeds, better inputs, credit &




“Concentrated and well-focused holistic

thrust on high potential areas”

  • Aim of Saru ketha yaya Program
  • To increase average yield of paddy up to 5.2mt/ha, achieving 6.5 mt/ha of maximum potential yield in the favorable rice growing environment with recommended high yield technical package
  • To motivate farmers to pay 50% value of seeds and Fertilizer, balance 50% by government which ultimately contribute to initiate the revolving fund
  • 6.5 -6.7 mt/ha average yield obtained
rice production yaya approach
Rice Production ‘Yaya’ Approach
  • High yields
  • Technical Social compatibility
  • High Adoption

Package of Cultural


Input supply


Farmer group /Tract


Decision making

& Action

  • Quality seeds
  • Weed and insect management
  • Soil fertility


results of yaya approach
Results of Yaya approach
  • The evaluation program conducted by Socio economic and planning center.
  • Sample size- 80 farmers in districts of
  • Polonnaruwa,Hambantota, and Anuradhapura.

*Survey Conducted at 2006 Yala season

special technology package developed for maize
Special Technology Package Developed for Maize
  • In Anuradhapura District
  • Institutions and organizations involved
  • Public institutes: Provincial Agriculture department (A’pura), Dept. of Agriculture, Agrarian service department, Central bank, Divisional secretariats.
  • Private sector involved in
  • Supplying Hybrid seeds, agro chemicals.
  • Supplying of Credit, crop insurance ,Marketing.
reason for success
Reason for success
  • Proper coordination with in public sector, private sector organizations an farmers
  • Use and timely supply of hybrid seeds and quality inputs.
  • Timely cultivation
  • Technical assistance when ever needed by DOA and field staff of private sector organizations.
  • Credit facilities, crop insurance facilities.
  • Contract growing system.

Compared to 2004/05 Maha in Anuradhapura District

recommendation for effective technology transfer system
Recommendation for effective technology transfer system

1. Promotion of demand driven farmer accountable extension.

2. Improve participatory technology development through better research and extension linkage.

3. Use of information communication technologies in extension.

4. Farmer based organization for self-employment generation, input supply and marketing.

5. Empower farmers through establishing revolving funds encouraging savings micro-financing, bulk purchasing etc.

6. Training of farmers through participatory approaches such as farmer field school to understand and solve problems under real farm situation.

7. Introduce new technologies such as information days, crop clinics and agriculture campaigns.

8. Establish accounting system to monitor impact of technologies.