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Bill of Rights: The first 10 Amendments to the US Constitution. 1 st Amendment. The 1 st amendment guarantees 5 basic freedoms for everyone in the United States Freedom of Speech We have the right to criticize our government Freedom of Religion

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bill of rights the first 10 amendments to the us constitution
Bill of Rights:

The first 10 Amendments to the US Constitution

1 st amendment
1st Amendment
  • The 1st amendment guarantees 5 basic freedoms for everyone in the United States
  • Freedom of Speech
    • We have the right to criticize our government
  • Freedom of Religion
    • Government cannot favor any religion nor can we be forced to participate in government sponsored religious activity
amendment 1 con t
Amendment 1: con’t
  • Freedom of Press
    • We are free to publish information without interference or censorship from government
  • Freedom of Assembly
    • We are free to gather in private and public places even in orderly protest.
  • Freedom of Petition
    • We have the right to petition our government for change and demand righting of wrongs and injustice.
2 nd amendment
2nd Amendment
  • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
  • Individuals do have a right to bear arms, not just the militia
3 rd amendment
3rd Amendment
  • Quartering of troops is forbidden
  • Unless the government goes to a federal judge and has the judge declares a national emergency
4 th amendment
4th Amendment
  • Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures
  • Warrants issued based upon probable cause
  • The exclusionary rule = evidence gained improperly must be thrown out
5 th amendment
5th Amendment
  • Indictment by a “Grand Jury”
    • Arrest warrants must be issued by a court
  • Right to remain silent
    • You are not required to help government prove you guilty
  • Double Jeopardy
    • Can’t be tried twice for same offense
amendment 5 con t
Amendment 5: con’t
  • Due Process
  • Eminent Domain
    • Government cannot take property without paying fair value
  • Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
    • The police must read you your rights
6 th amendment
6th Amendment
  • Speedy and public trial
  • Impartial jury of your peers
  • Know the charges brought against you
  • Question witnesses and call witnesses on your behalf
  • Right to a lawyer
  • Gideon v. Wainwright
7 th amendment
7th Amendment
  • Civil suits of more than $20, you can request a jury trial
8 th amendment
8th Amendment
  • No excessive bail or fines
  • Punishment must fit the crime
  • No cruel or unusual punishment
  • Mitchell Rupe Case
remainder of the bill of rights
Remainder of the Bill of Rights.

Amendment 9 ~ Other rights may exist

  • Right to privacy?
  • Right to a public education?

Amendment 10 ~ Preservation of states’ rights

  • Elections
  • Voting requirements
  • Defining marriage
  • Setting speed limits