The Early 19c: The Creation of an American Culture
Cultural Nationalism • Education The “Virtuous Citizen” • An American form of English • Noah Webster
Cultural Nationalism • A well-defined American literature • Washington Irving The Sketch Book, 1819-20“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
Cultural Nationalism Religious Movements: • Deism • Second “Great Awakening”
2004 Election Headlines Outreach effort andmoral valuestheme pays off for Bush with Hispanics-- Nov. 3, 2004 [FOX News] Election Reinforces USA’sReligious Schism-- Nov. 4, 2004 [USA Today] 'It's a Victory for People Like Us' BushEmphasis on ValuesDrew Ohio Evangelicals-- Nov. 5, 2004 [Washington Post]
Charles G. Finney The ranges of tents, the fires, reflecting light…; the candles and lamps illuminating the encampment; hundreds moving to and fro…;the preaching, praying, singing, and shouting,… like the sound of many waters, was enough to swallow up all the powers of contemplation. “soul-shaking” conversion
Economic Nationalism • Encourage Creativity & Inventiveness. • Create a Transportation Infrastructure. • Create a Pro-Business Atmosphere. Role ofGovt. Jefferson’s Vision of America Hamilton’s Vision of America
Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791 Actually invented by a slave!
Whitney’s Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle
First TurnpikeLancaster, PA(1790) By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities.
Conestoga Covered Wagons Conestoga Trail, 1820s
Robert Fulton & the Steamboat The Clermont