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The Early 19c: The Creation of an American Culture

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  1. The Early 19c: The Creation of an American Culture

  2. Cultural Nationalism • Education  The “Virtuous Citizen” • An American form of English • Noah Webster

  3. Cultural Nationalism • A well-defined American literature • Washington Irving The Sketch Book, 1819-20“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”

  4. Cultural Nationalism Religious Movements: • Deism • Second “Great Awakening”

  5. 2004 Election Headlines Outreach effort andmoral valuestheme pays off for Bush with Hispanics-- Nov. 3, 2004 [FOX News] Election Reinforces USA’sReligious Schism-- Nov. 4, 2004 [USA Today] 'It's a Victory for People Like Us' BushEmphasis on ValuesDrew Ohio Evangelicals-- Nov. 5, 2004 [Washington Post]

  6. 2004 Election Poll Data

  7. 2004 Election Poll Data

  8. The Second “Great Awakening:”Revivalist Meeting

  9. Charles G. Finney The ranges of tents, the fires, reflecting light…; the candles and lamps illuminating the encampment; hundreds moving to and fro…;the preaching, praying, singing, and shouting,… like the sound of many waters, was enough to swallow up all the powers of contemplation. “soul-shaking” conversion

  10. The “Benevolent Empire”

  11. “Burned-Over” Districtin Upstate New York

  12. American Bible SocietyFounded in 1816

  13. Economic Nationalism • Encourage Creativity & Inventiveness. • Create a Transportation Infrastructure. • Create a Pro-Business Atmosphere. Role ofGovt. Jefferson’s Vision of America Hamilton’s Vision of America

  14. Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791 Actually invented by a slave!

  15. Whitney’s Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle

  16. First TurnpikeLancaster, PA(1790) By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities.

  17. Cumberland“National Road,” 1811

  18. Conestoga Covered Wagons Conestoga Trail, 1820s

  19. Yankee Clipper Ships

  20. Robert Fulton & the Steamboat The Clermont

  21. The Erie Canal, 1820s

  22. Erie Canal System