verbal adverbs n.
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Verbal Adverbs – Деепричастия
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  1. Verbal Adverbs – Деепричастия В Пути Глава 7, тема 3

  2. Verbal Adverbs Adverbs answer questions “how?” or “in what manner?”: быстро (quickly), дёшево (cheaply), дорого (expensively), хорошо (well), красиво (beautifully), профессионально (professionally) Verbal adverbs are formed from verbs: улыбаясь (smilingly), смеясь (laughingly) Verbal adverbs are used differently in Russian than they are in English.

  3. Verbal Adverbs - ASPECT Russian Verbal Adverbs DON’T have aTENSE but they DO have an ASPECT. ImperfectivePerfective думать подумать думая подумав покупать купить покупая купив улыбаться улыбнуться улыбаясь улыбнувшись

  4. Verbal Adverbs - ASPECT Russian Verbal Adverbs DON’T have aTENSE but they DO have an ASPECT. Imperfective Возвращаясь домой из театра, мы говорили о балете. Returning home from the theater, we were speaking about ballet. Perfective Вернувшись домой из театра, мы сели пить чай. Having returned home from the theater, we had some tea. (Literally: sat down to drink some tea)

  5. Verbal Adverbs - Imperfective • Remove the 3rd person plural (они) ending. • Add the suffix –Я (or –A after Ш, Ж, Ч, Щ) • For reflexive (-ся) verbs, add –СЬ читать они читаютчитая говорить они говорятговоря заниматься они занимаютсязанимаясь

  6. Verbal Adverbs - Imperfective ЗАПОМНИТЕ! ДАВАТЬ –type verbs retain -BA- in the middle!!! давать (to give) они даютBUT:давая узнавать (to recognize) они узнают BUT:узнавая вставать (to get up)они встают BUT:вставая

  7. Verbal Adverbs - Perfective • Replace the Л in the MASCULINE PAST with the suffix–B. • For reflexive verbs, replace -ЛСЯ with -ВШИСЬ прочитать он прочиталпрочитав поговорить он поговорилпоговорив улыбнуться он улыбнулсяулыбнувшись

  8. Verbal Adverbs - Perfective ЗАПОМНИТЕ! Prefixed forms of идти follow the Imperfective pattern: прийти (to arrive) они придут придя уйти (to leave) они уйдут уйдя найти (to find) они найдут найдя

  9. Verbal Adverbs -USAGE Verbal adverbs formed fromimperfectiveverbs denote an action that occurs simultaneously with the action of the main verb. Verbal adverbs formed from perfective verbs denote a completed action that has occurred before the action of the main verb. Рассказывая о русском балете, лектор показывал фильм. Закончив лекцию, преподаватель ответил на вопросы. Зрители стояли у театра после спектакля, ожидая балерину. Поужинав, мы пошли в кино.