Maple Syrup for Pancakes, Waffles, and… CRYSTAL CANDY!? By Amanda. A
What will happen when boiled maple syrup gets put on a frozen baking sheet compared to a room temperature baking sheet? How long will it take for crystals to form? Question??
Hypothesis Why I thought the Hypothesis would happen This will happen because the cold on the frozen sheet will have a bigger temperature difference so the syrup will react faster. Also since cold items are smaller and warm items are bigger, the frozen sheet will have smaller crystals and the room temperature sheet will have bigger crystals. I think the crystals will take about 2 minutes to form. • I thought that frozen sheet would have crystals that form faster and be smaller. I also thought that the room temperature sheet will have crystals that will form slower and the crystals would be bigger.
What happened was… • The crystals only formed in the pot. • The crystals were so small you couldn’t see them. • The time boiled didn’t matter only the temperature the syrup heated up to did. • I had to do it 4 times to work and even then it only worked in the pot. WHAT HAPPENED
WHY IT HAPPENED • They formed in the pot because • The crystals were small because the syrup molecules didn’t have time to line up and fit together in a big crystal. • Only the temperature mattered because the liquid in the syrup had to evaporate for the molecules to be able to move around to fit together properly. • It took a while to work because it takes a the right environment and ingredients for molecules to line up in the same pattern one after the other.
Materials • Ice or baking pan/sheet with frozen water at bottom (100% clean) • 100% pure maple syrup • Flashlight • Magnifying glass • Stop watch or timer • Glass containers or baking sheet at roomtemperature (100% clean) • Pot • Spoon • Place to work • Pencil • Booklet or Journal • Stove • Adult helper • Candy thermometer (optional but it is best to have)
Buy and gather the materials that you will need • boil 100% maple syrup in a pot on the stove for about 10-20 minutes (let cool in between for 30 minutes) • Leave in the pot 10-20 minutes • While the pot of maple syrup, sets get out 3 glass bowls and 1 glass baking pan(any combo works) • Fill half(1/2) the containers with ice cubes • Put the now starting to crystallize maple syrup into 100 % clean glass containers(3 of each temperature) • Record what happens throughout the experiment • Taste That Worked Procedure
Buy and gather materials that you will need • Boil maple syrup for 10-30 minutes • Get out baking sheets • Put 3 dollops of maple syrup on each temperature pan • Do this in between boil times for other procedure (if you do this more than once save old one and use a new pan) • Save syrup if you are going to boil it again Original Procedure
I thought that the crystals would be smaller and form faster on the frozen baking sheet then the room temperature because… • I thought the cold on the frozen sheet would have a bigger temperature difference so the syrup would react faster. That had the right reasoning. • Since cold items are smaller and warm items are bigger, I thought that the frozen sheet would have smaller crystals and the room temperature sheet would have bigger crystals. That was wrong. • I thought the crystals would take about 2 minutes to form. That was wrong. WHERE I WAS WRONG
Crystals after following the Procedure that Worked MAPLE SYRUP CRYSTALS