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Two-Column Notes. 10.1 Rise of Islam. Cause. Effects. Rise of Islam. Cause. Effect. Prophet Muhammad Had revelations from Allah, or God, from the Angel Gabriel He believed that he was last of prophets and that there was one true God, Allah. He began to preach and convert others.

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two column notes
Two-Column Notes

10.1 Rise of Islam

Cause

Effects

slide2

Rise of Islam

Cause

Effect

  • Prophet Muhammad
    • Had revelations from Allah, or God, from the Angel Gabriel
    • He believed that he was last of prophets and that there was one true God, Allah.
    • He began to preach and convert others
  • People in Mecca feared that traditional gods would be neglected and no one would come to the city anymore to trade.
  • Muhammad flees Mecca and goes to Medina (called Hijrah).
slide4

Rise of Islam

Cause

Effect

  • Muhammad is great leader in Medina, converting and uniting people.
  • Muhammad returns to Mecca with 10,000 men, takes the city, and converts everyone.
  • Mecca is now a Muslim center.
slide6

Rise of Islam

Cause

Effect

  • Muslims do not separate personal from religious life.
  • 5 pillars of belief
    • Faith
    • Prayer
    • Alms
    • Fasting
    • Pilgrimage
  • Islam teaches that:
    • There is only one God, Allah
    • Each person is responsible for his own actions
    • Every Muslim must “submit” to God.
    • The Qur’an is the word of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad
slide7

Rise of Islam

Cause

Effect

  • Qur’an is in Arabic Arabic spreads all over Muslim world
  • Sunna = Muhammad’s example
  • Shar’ia = Sunna+Qur’an
    • Muslim law that regulates family life